Why in the world so many languages?
According to linguistic estimates, currently in the world there are from 2500 to 7000 natural languages. Such a large scatter in assessing the number is associated with the complexity of the distinction of the language and dialect. It is much easier to say how many official languages - 95. Among them are the most common English. It has a state status in 56 countries.
The variety of natural languages scientists explain primarily the development of new territories. As a result of the migration, communities were formed, where people could speak different languages. But in order to understand each other, they needed a single. And subsequent generations were transmitted already. That is how many thousands of years have been created languages.
It was created – in the past time. Globalization made the emergence of new natural languages is impossible, as it is necessary for this is a certain community for the minimum of five-six generations. Now this condition is impracticable neither geographically nor informational.
Moreover, the number of natural languages is reduced and the process will continue. In this guilty, firstly, the uneven distribution of languages in the number of media (80% of the population of the planet accounts for 80 languages, and only 0.2% of residents per 4,500 languages), the languages of small nations die away. Secondly – globalization and migration. Moving to a new place and changing lifestyle, immigrants only for some time retain their native language. In the second or third generation he is lost.
However, over the past 400 years, work on the creation of artificial languages. Some are invented in artistic literature, computer games, that is, where the authors create fictional worlds. Others – to help people with development features communicate with each other. Artificial languages include programming languages, whose task is to manage a computer system.
Attempts are also being taken to create a universal language. While unsuccessful. The main cause of failures is not even financial. Language is a cultural code. Consequently, when moving to universal language, people will lose their culture and national identity. It is not surprising that the idea of creating a universal language does not cause much inspiration.