Why Germany Country, and the people are Germans?
There are no contradictions in German: the country is Deutschland, and the people, her inhabiting, – Deutsche. But in our everything is more difficult.
"German" is the our word, and initially it was not connected with the inhabitants of Germany. So called the French and the Swedes, the Italians, and other Western Europeans, that is, everyone who could not speak English and say. Therefore, it was like dumb. By the way, "German" just formed from the word "dumb".
Here they call us anyone who is only from someone else’s land, even be a Frenchman, or tsesarer, or the Swede – all the German
A similar story was in ancient Greece. As for our ancestors, the foreigners were conditionally dumb, saying is incomprehensible and unintelligible and for the Greeks of Alien, who did not know Greek, have made only vague consonances. For that of all foreigners and called "barbarians" there, that is, Barbari, imitating the combination of a "bar-bar" words in someone else’s language.
Returning to the "German", it is worth noting that, according to ancient our documents, this word was used in the meaning of the "alien" from the XII century and in the surroundings met even in XIX. N. V. Gogol in the work of "Night Before Christmas" wrote: "They call all sorts of someone from someone else’s land, although he is a Frenchman, or tsesarer, or Swede – all German. It turns out that the people of Germany began to call the Germans relatively recently.
As for the word "Germany", it has Latin roots. So in ancient Rome called the country located north of the Roman Empire itself.
There are in our and the word "Germany", but in our days they call the ancient tribes inhabited in Central, Western and South-Western Europe. The use of the word "Germany" as the synonym for the "German" is limited to the stylistic framework. In some modern dictionaries, "Germany" is supplied with marks "outdated" and even "conversationally reduced". Consequently, the "German" in the literary speech is preferable.