Why do Norwegians grass on the roof?
In the already green Norway still green roof. Instead of tiles Norwegians often use turf and grass. As a rule, these houses are found in rural areas, but they can be seen even in the major cities.
Who invented the first cover home with a carpet of greenery, it is not known, but it happened in ancient times. It turned out that a lot of advantages of the roof.
First, the building material is always at hand, and therefore use it efficiently.
Secondly, turf retains heat well.
Thirdly, such a roof will carry no gust of wind, since it weighs about 250 kg / m², and in the winter – the order of 400-500 kg / m² due to snow. For comparison, the maximum load of natural tile on the rafter is about 290 kg / m², metal – about 250 kg / m. Hence another advantage: the weight of a grass roof logs are compressed and cease to miss the slightest drafts.
Finally, fourth, green cover serves as an excellent camouflage. Now Norwegians can mask the home except by curious tourists, but in the past the roof, merging with the landscape, is a good shelter from enemies.
"A month ago, watched such roofs in Norway and Lapland. What is interesting, if the Norwegians and Norwegian Finns try to ennoble green cover, the Finns in Lapland throw the forest floor to the roof, and she gradually grows that grows in the forest, even small trees are pleasing to the eye "(Kirill78 forum" Building a House ").
Manufacturing technology simple. As the base, on a pitched roof of boards in multiple layers stacked dry bark, which serves as insulation against moisture. To be safe, you can lubricate the bark sheep fat. In modern homes at this stage are often added to any building material with a waterproof structure. Next stacked sod – necessarily large layer without joints, that inside the dwelling was warm. After a time in turf grass grows, its roots and strengthen the structure of.
It seems simple, and a grass roof can be installed anywhere. Recently, they really are gaining popularity in the world. However, the Norwegians easier. That the grass is not dried up, the roof must always be wet, and in Norway there are all conditions. Peaty soil readily accept additional water well and holds it, and the rains in the country are so often that the hosts to anything to worry about watering. And to care for the grass is perfect . goat. And the animal sated, and grass mowing is not necessary!
"Russia – Matryoshka dolls and balalaika. Norway – grass roof. Here and there, there are such buildings. They no longer really need the technical. There is an easier way to insulate the roof (grass and turf just for this). But the Norwegians still make them sometimes or maintain old. To the delight of tourists. Incidentally, when the grass is too much, on the roof of a goat or sheep fill up. Live mower! The truth-the truth »(sergey malkofff, Instagram).
Before the advent of shingles and slate in the XIX century, the turf was a versatile material for roofs. Then it was used less often, but managed to keep the tradition. Now grassy roof can be seen not only in private homes, but also in hotels, catering establishments. In addition to Norway, they are found in Iceland, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, the Faroe Islands.
And this tradition is ferment in the minds of tourists.
"Goats and chickens on the roof – this is, of course, good and original: pets fed and happy. Only here because of their substrate remains there. Just do not say that the chickens and goats there are so cultured and civilized, that suffer the toilet. And if it is not washed off all the goods in front of windows?"(Andrei Vasilyev, the channel" My country cottage "to" Yandex.Zen ").
"The first time came in Norway, was struck aesthetics of homes. Volunteered inside, all sfotkal, measurements, asked around about caring for her. Now I want to build and then like "(Sergey yoP channel" Stella Larsen "to" Yandex.Zen ").