Who most often bite the snake and are there any vaccinations from her bite?
And now about how to live with them. Because the vaccinations from the serpentine poison, unfortunately, no, there is only an antidote after the bite.
Poisonous zei in the middle lane of Russia?
In Russia, the most frequently found poisonous snakes are viper (they live even in the suburbs, for example, on the border with the Tver region). In the southern regions of Russia, ordinary viper, Gadyuk Steppe, Viotuk Caucasian and ordinary shielding. Vijuki – Snakes of medium sizes (0.75-1.0 m long) non-fulfilling color.
The vichuk bite is very painful, pain occurs in increasing. The closer bite to the head, the more dangerous the consequences. Effect of poison – cardiotoxic, hemorrhagic and hemokoagulatory. Easier: poison viper makes blood right in the vessels, blood pressure drops, the rhythm of the heart is disturbed, there is a pulmonary swelling and cardiogenic shock, in addition, the poison of viper (like the cobra) causes tissue necrosis.
It is important to know that at the beginning of the spring poison viper is more toxic than in the summer. Wear high boots, go noisy (snakes do not like loud sounds) and be careful!
Who snakes bite most often
Statistics show that most often bite turns out:
- Young drunken men (when trying to catch a snake, play with her or, just without noticing, come on it);
- collective farmers, agronomists and foresters;
- Extreme tourists;
- Employees of humanitarian (or other) missions: doctors, biologists, geologists, archaeologists ..
What to do if you or your companion bit the snake?
1. First, you need to calm down or calm the patient. It is quite difficult to do this, because the place of bite begins to hurt all the stronger and usually a panic begins in people.
2. As soon as you managed to calm a person, it is necessary to immobilize the limb. I think everyone had an obzh at school and everyone remembers how we tied two sticks to the leg and carefully bandaged. These residual knowledge may well come in handy just now – to binting in our case a better elastic bandage, which I always recommend wearing in my hiking bag.
3. You do not need to try to sue poison, you will not only do not help the victim, but you can harm yourself.
4. Ask the victim if he saw a snake. If I saw, ask her to describe. Remember the details, doctors in the hospital will definitely ask you about it.
5. Do not overlap the harness, do not cut anything and do not provoke bleeding. After immobilization, immediately deliver the patient to the nearest hospital. Will be very cool if someone from your environment will be able to call and warn that you are already on the way – often to find an antidote, it takes a time that we have little.
In the hospitals of the tropics cases of biting snakes are not so rare, so we usually have several types of antidces. As I said above, the details are important: the more accurate you can describe the snake, the easier it will be to choose an antidote. They usually cover some of the most encountered in the field of species, but in small rural hospitals still use "monoandids", or antifles only from one particular species.
Want to know if the poisonous snakes are biting each other – read the answer of the specialist here!
Read more about Victoria’s work – in an interview with "My Planet" "Rules of life of a tropical doctor". And if you suddenly have a medical education, craving for adventure and a big heart – know: you will always be glad to see in Guatemala as a volunteer.