Who built Charles Bridge?
In the history of each people there are great personalities. Legends are made about them, they put monuments or call the street in their honor. In the Czech Republic, one of these people is considered to be the son of King John Czech from the Luxembourg House, later the Czech king and the emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire Karl IV. And Czechs are doubly. This emperor remained in historical memory not as a successful conqueror, but as an enlightened Lord, patronized sciences and art.
And everything began in Prague, where in 1316 in the royal family of Yana Luxembourg and Sisters of the Czech King Waclav III Oliska born the son of Karel. He was brought up in Paris, but at the fifteenth age, the father called him to the public service, having ordered to manage the Luxembourg state in Upper Italy. There, the young Vladyka did not hold out for a long time and, leaving the crown, in 1334 I was cast around in Moravian Marcgram and began to manage the Czech Republic. Managed, apparently, successfully, as in 1347, while Louis Bavarian, Karl, then another first, with the help of the Pope, VI was elected five kurfurs (monarchs with the right to choose kings) in German kings. Then he could not free themselves from the influence of the influence of Kurfürste’s throne: he gave them a number of privileges, including practically a sovereignty on their land, and the church, with the assistance of which he climbed to the throne, gave a tenth of all countries in Caroline Bulle. But the main merit of Charles, fully manifested his pacifist views, was the establishment of unions of the Zemstvo world so in the Middle Ages, agreements and decisions were called, which forbidden for a certain period of all the internecine wars. This policy was very and very correct, so no one was surprised that in 1355, in Milan, King Charla crowded the imperial crown.
One of the main achievements of Prince Karel, then the Czech King of Charles I and in the end of the emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire Karl IV was to strengthen the political and economic power of its generic ownership of the Czech Republic and especially the capital of Prague. In general, initially, precisely, Carlo IV Prague is obliged to be compared with Paris today. It was he who rebuilt in Prague a new one, today already called historical, Gradchana district, founded Archbishopia in the city, and in 1348, according to the Paris, the first university north of the Alps and attracted a large number of artists and artisans in Prague. However, the most famous Prague construction of the Epoch of the Emperor and the Czech king is still the famous Charles Bridge, completed in the XV century and decorated with sculptures in the XVII-XVIII centuries. This bridge until 1841 was the only one connecting the shores of Vltava. His construction was instructed by the 27-year architect Peter Perelju.
After the story with the Karlovy bridge it is easy to guess that the city of Karlovy Vary (so more correctly, but also Karlovy Vary can be used) directly related to the name of the emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire and Czech King Charles IV. And indeed, according to historical data, in 1358 the emperor went to hunt. It happened that the hunting place was chosen in the area of Czech Terria. During the deer hunting in these places, the king damaged his leg, but continued to pursue the beast. Suddenly, there seemed to the stream between the trees, from which steam was walking, the king did not have time to turn and found himself in water. Karl IV still continued his chase. However, the time was lost, and the mining is missed. But the insightful ruler noticed that the wounded leg was prevented by a successful hunt stopped sick. From this, he concluded that the hot source met with healing properties. He ordered to build a hunting house in this place, which was repeatedly returned, and not only to hunt, but also to swim in healing waters. This is the place where, thanks to the Roman Emperor (on August 14, 1370, he gave the city of freedom and law equal to the fact that at that time the royal city of Lakes was used) people reached out, called Kalsbad (from German "Bad" Bathing, resort), However, this name lasted for a short time in the XV century, he was also called in Czech. And this new name was the name of the village, near which the emperor once discovered a source, or any other name. Two words of Karlovy Varova became this name ("Vary" translated as "boil", "boiling"). Czechs did not want the name of their great emperor to disappear from the country’s map.