Where did the national symbols arose
Oh and often we consider French that it is only an indirect attitude to France. For example, croissants come from Austria, and Franch press from Italy. The first patent for the piston coffee maker registered the Italians – Attilio Calimani and Julio Coin. It happened in 1929. But the serial production of the device began the French company Melior in the late 1930s. Hence the name "Franch press".
National symbol USA / France
One of the main dishes of American fast food in English is called FRENCH FRIES – "French fried potatoes". In fact, it was not the Americans for the first time (and not even French), and Belgians. It happened in the XVII century. Residents of the city of Namuri often fried the fish, which they caught in the Maas River. However, in 1680, winter was especially cold and the frozen river. Then the Belgians tried to fry instead of fish potatoes. And it turned out quite tasty! American soldiers who stopped during the First World War in the French-speaking part of Belgium, tried the dish and called him French fried potatoes. Potatoes FRI are still eating in Belgium, as in Russia – seeds. And every local resident has a favorite stall, where fried potatoes are preparing especially tasty.
National symbol Russia
Visit Russia and not buy Matryoshka – I don’t really go to Venice and do not swim on the canals. Matryoshka is the main souvenir that tourists from the country are carrying. Although the roots of her pedigree go to the Japanese story.
For different versions, the matryoshka occurred from the figurines of the Japanese god wisdom of Fukurumum, "Nevasheki" Daruma or a wooden doll covered with painting, – Koki. From documentary evidence, only a letter of Mary, wife of the publisher Anatoly Mamontov, was preserved: "On the days of Jura, an old stone (clay) figure – Japanese idol brought from St. Petersburg. If you have seen how good it is, I fell in love with him, "she wrote to the artist Ilya Ostrukhov in 1891.
And in 1898, in the store "Children’s upbringing", which belonged to the family of mammoth patrons, a matryoshka appeared on the world. It is believed that the Japanese figure inspired the artist of the workshop of Sergei Malyutina to create a our national toy. He made a sketch, and made a figure master Vasily Star, turning the image of a Japanese into a peasant girl. Soon, "the grievance" widespread in Russia in Russia in Russia, and the name of the toy arose – "Matryoshka".
National symbol Panama
From Ecuador worth bringing cocoa, coffee or Panaman hat. Yes, do not let the name confuse you! These hats are not at all Panamansky, and Ecuadorian (about this and other features of Ecuador "My Planet" told Lyeda Gint from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk). The largest center of handicraft fishers in Cenque. And the largest product of Cuneta are Panaman hats. The raw materials for them serves a special type of palm tree – palm-shaped carrydovic, from the leaf of which the finest straw tokilla is made. From her and weave hats.
But why did they suddenly become Panamish? In all, the engineers who put the Panaman canal were to blame. In Panama, they bought hats that were protected from the scorching sun. And no one thought that they brought them from Ecuador. Over time, hats began to be associated not with the place of manufacture, but with the place of purchase.
National symbol Chile
For the right to be considered the birthplace of this "sharp" plant (but far from the most acute!) a number of Latin America countries fought for a long time. But in 2009, American scientists from the University of Veracruz and the University of California in Riverside established: This is Mexico. After analyzing DNA in three loci 58 wild and 22 cultural forms of Chilean pepper, genetics proved that the center of its origin is Yucatan Peninsula. And Chile here is completely nothing. The name of peppers comes from the word Chilli in the Naiathl language, on which the ancestors of modern Mexicans said – Azteci. In our, it translates as "Red".
National symbol Italy
From Egypt / Greece
Not only Italy, but also Greece or Egypt, is presented for the title of Motherland of this dish. After all, what is pizza? In essence, the cake from the test, on which different ingredients are laid out. The idea of making a thin bread appeared in ancient Egypt, but put on it garlic, greens, onions and if possible, other products came up with the Greeks. Mention of this Kushan, which, by the way, was called in ancient Greece πλακοῦς ("Flac"), occurs already in the chronicles of Plato. It is such a pellet that is considered a great-grandmother of modern pizza. Ancient Roman legionnaires borrowed a dish and improved him, adding olive oil and cheese.
The history of modern pizza begins in the XVI century, when tomatoes were delivered to Europe. At first they were called the devilish berry and refused to eat, but soon the Naples’ poor were cut down that tomatoes are not only edible, but also quite tasty. And the pizza began to be a cake, covered with cheese, tomatoes, herbs and politically olive oil.
Why "Pizza"? There are different hypotheses: perhaps the name of the dish happened from the Italian words Piatto – Plate and Piazza – Square, and maybe from Greek ίίτα (Piet) – Round Pellet. In any case, the Greeks clearly put her hand to the creation of a national Italian dish.
National symbol Hawaii (USA)
Hawaiian pizza, colored shirts and ukulele, whose music immerses in the memories of the sea and hot summer – associations that usually arise when mentioning the Hawaiian Islands.
Ukulele – a miniature four-string guitar, but not at all Hawaiian, and Portuguese. The ancestor of the tool became the guitar Bragign, common on the island of Madeira. At the Hawaiian Islands of Ukulele, thanks to immigrants. At the end of the XIX – early XX centuries, many Portuguese went to search for a better life, including the Hawaiian Islands. Some took care of Bragin. Having traveled, people tried themselves in different fields of activity, and in 1886 four-friendly carpenter invented an unusual tool with alive and bright sound, having one string less than that of Bragigns. It was ukulele.
At first, local residents reacted very cool. The attitude has changed after David Laamea Kamanakapua Machinulani Nalayahowokalani Lumaiahuokalai Lumiahuokaua played during a small holiday at Ukulele. Since then, no celebration has done without the sounds of this four-string guitar. And world famous tool acquired after the performance of the Royal Hawaiian Quartet group at the Panamo-Pacific International Exhibition, held in San Francisco in 1915 in honor of the completion of the construction of the Panama Canal.
National symbol Cuba
Cuba – Motherland Tobacco, but the birthplace of cigars is Spain. It is here in the XVII century invented smoking twisted tobacco leaves. Before that in Europe, tobacco or smoked solely in the tubes, or just sniffed. Employed Europeans liked, and the Spaniards quickly cut down that cigars are golden residential. In 1717, Philip V announced a monopoly – from now on, no one, except the Spaniards, could not use Cuban tobacco. So the island of freedom has become the main manufacturer of tobacco, but cigars were twisted mainly in Spain. Monopoly lasted until 1817.
National symbol China
Ancient Egypt is considered to be. From there the game spread to other countries where he received their varieties. But Chinese checkers – they are also called hexagon – radically different from the rest. Moreover, they can be called them with difficulty. And with China they are not even indirectly.
Invented them in 1892 in Germany, based on the American board game Halma. First, the game was called Stern-Halma (Halma in the form of a star). She quickly became popular in Germany, and then in Europe and the USA. But after World War II, Germany was in opal, and American entrepreneurs went to cunning: they decided to attract the attention of buyers to Eastern exotic, calling the game by Chinese checkers. And they did not lose!
National symbol Turkey
Now this headdress in Turkey is buying mostly tourists. But two more centuries ago, he was a mandatory attribute of any male outfit, although his homeland is the city of Fest in Morocco, where the fezda was made in large numbers for the international market. From here, by the way, and the name. When this headdress was invented, it is not known exactly, but it existed in the time of Byzantium.
The symbol of the Turkish Nation of Fesca became in the XV century. Capturing Constantinople, Sultan Mehmed II made it a mandatory headdress of soldiers and officials. Türbans fell under the ban in the same way as the beard at one time in Peter I. This went on until the beginning of the 20th century, while the first President of the Turkish Republic of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, famous for his reforms, did not accept the law on hats. In accordance with him, all men of Turkey were obliged to remove the fez and replace them with European hats. The violators were punished with a fine or prison arrest for a time until six months. It is noteworthy that the punishment was canceled only in 2014, although in practice the law has not been applied for a long time.