Tinian Island (Tinian)
Tinian (Tinian) – Island as part of the Northern Mariana Islands, located in the southern part of the archipelago Mariana Islands in the Pacific, 4.5 km south-west of Saipan and 163 south-west of Guam.
Tinian Island has coral origins and is a raised atoll. The basis of the island’s relief is a terrace of 20 by 9 km. The highest point of the island reaches 170 m. The area of the island is 102 km² (the third largest island of Marian Islands).
Tinian’s coastline in the southern and central parts is rather incision and is raised, but abounds with cozy small bays with tiny beaches, and in the north more canopy, but almost does not have it protecting it from the effects of ocean waves of reefs. Coral reefs are a bit, however, the pure warm waters of the coastal zone are ideal for snorkeling, and the shed between Tinian and Agikhan Island is great for scuba diving and sports fishing.
This sleepy island with a single village of San Jose, happily escaped the main influx of tourists and therefore serves as a good place to escape from "of civilization", If the turmoil Saipan, for example, will seem too intrusive.
Tinian Island was populated about 4000 years ago. The island’s indigenous people are Chamorro. Ancient stone pillars have been preserved on the island, very similar, for example, with Nan-Madol (Micronesia), Palau or Moa Easter Meai Island. The total weight of these structures exceeds a ton, and the height is about 6 m.
The Spaniard, the Catholic missionary of Diego Louis de Sanvorteses, became the European Outstander of the island. Diego Luis de Sanvitores), who opened Tinian in 1669. At the end of the XVII century, Mariana Islands became the ownership of Spain.
February 12, 1899 they were sold by Spain Germany. Since 1907, Tinian has been part of the German New Guinea, obeying the district officer of the Caroline Islands.
October 14, 1914 Mariana Islands were occupied by the Japanese. In 1920, the mandate of the League of Nations was installed over the islands, the Office carried out Japan. During this period, agriculture was actively developed on Tinian, first of all, the cultivation of sugarcane.
In 1944, the island was captured by American troops, which soon launched on Tinian the base of military aviation. In August 1945, bombers who dropped atomic bombs on Japan started from the American air base on the island.
San Jose, the main settlement of the island, grew out of the ancient village of Narod Chamorro. It is the buildings of the first-settlements and are its main attractions.
House Taga served as a place of holding large meetings and the residence of Tag of the Great, the legendary king of the ancient state of Chamorro. Around the ruins of this building is located Latte Stone Site – The largest accumulation of ritual stones of the ancient peoples of the sea in the Mariana Islands.
Nearby, just 800 meters south of San Jose, lies Beautiful Beach Tag Beach With turquoise waters and white sand, protected from the sea tiny island, and from the north, between Tag Beach and Chonya Beach, there is a Casino complex The Dynasty, which includes a luxury hotel, several shops and restaurants.
Directly within San Jose, between Tag Beach and Port, is located Second popular beach area – Kammer Beach, as well as the Catholic Church of San Jose (1956.) With a city bell tower of a rather original type (most of all it looks like a lonely standing lighthouse).
Chulu Beach (Unia Chulu) On the north-western coast of Tinian, is a plot of fierce fighting during World War II, where the landing of the American landing on the island was found, so massive archaeological excavations continue here.
In the south-east of the island is located Historic Memorial Susayd Cliff – from the coastal cliffs towering here after the occupation of the island of Americans thousands of Japanese soldiers and their families rushed into the sea. Nearplates you can see the Shinto Temple – the only intact shrine of this religion on the Mariana Islands.
Also deserves attention Korean Memorial Park In honor of the korean workers killed on the island.
And in the northeastern shore of Tinian stretches Unai Danculou-Beach Beach, More famous as Long Beach, because it is the longest beach on the island. In the coastal cliff over the edge of this secluded sector, there are several caves in which the wall painting of the ancient Chamorro.