Tikhvin. History and culture
Tikhvin is one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in Leningrad region. His story is rich and inextricably linked with the history of Russia. Now it is not only an industrial center, but also a historical, religious and cultural place that is annually visited by many tourists.
The very name of the city is already talking about the emergence of the settlement, which comes from 2 vepshel words (Finno-Ugric peoples living in the territory of the modern Leningrad region) quiet (road) and wines (water), really on the site of the modern city were important trading tracks.
But the appearance, according to a number of historians, the city is obliged, first of all, the acquisition of a particularly revered Orthodox icon of Tikhvin’s Our Lady of the acquired June 26 (July 9) 1383. According to the Resurrection Chronicles, the appearance of the icon occurred on the banks of the Tikhvinka River, then the monastery was erected at this place, and the city himself appeared later. Currently, icon is stored in Tikhvin Assumption Men’s Monastery.
Since that time, Tikhvin becomes an important religious center of Russia, but at the same time the city has become an important economic center. In 16-17 century The flourishing of the crafts begins, the blacksmiths were especially famous, and the city becomes one of the important link in Russia’s foreign trade, and the Tikhvin Annual Fair was among the most famous in Russia. Thanks to the growth of the city’s value at the beginning of the nineteenth century, a project was carried out, (who was still the first Peter), a water system that joined St. Petersburg with the cities of the Volga region and after her construction began a new flourishing of Tikhvin, although in connection with the construction of the Mariinsky system in 1852 The importance of the Tikhvin system was lost, nevertheless, soon, through Tikhvin was built and launched in 1906 the railway, coming from St. Petersburg through Vologda to Vyatka, the city continued to develop. In the eighth of November 1941, Tikhvin occupied the fascist troops, the city was released as a result of the counter-offententence of the Nine-December 1941, becoming the first liberated city of the USSR. As a result of shelling Tikhvin badly damaged, in addition from the main shrine has been taken out of the city of Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God, who was in America 1945 to 2004. And returned to Russia only ninth of July 2004.
After the war begins in the industrial development of the city, And in 2010 Tikhvin became the city of military glory.
In addition to religious and industrial significance, Tikhvin is the birthplace of the famous our composer Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, It was here that he spent his first years of life and made his first musical steps, in addition, academician was born here painting Zabolotski, Academician archeographer Berdnikov, Professor Archeologist Rodonikas and others.
Now Tikhvin is one of the most visited cities near St. Petersburg. Many come to see the famous icon of Our Lady and visit the Assumption men’s monastery, laid in 1560, But besides him, there are many other attractions, for example, the female introduced monastery, laid down when Ivan Grozny, the Temple of the Multi-Delegal, built on the project of the architect Tone, and. ROUTOM, and at the Tikhvinka River, you can visit the Roman Corsakov Museum and the city museum, you can still see wooden houses and layout of the eighteenth year, also the nineteenth century gateways. All sorts of children’s, historical and musical festivals are held in the city. Due to which in the city you can feel not only a special spiritual, but historical and cultural atmosphere.