Tijuana (Tijuana)

Tijuana (Tijuana) – The city in the north-west of Mexico, located on the border with the United States, next to the American San Diego, about 2750 km from Mexico City. Population – 1,300,983 people (2010).

Big influx of Mexican migrants who want to get into the United States, but most of them who do not have the opportunity to cross the border, settle in Tihuana. In addition, the city serves as a destination for illegal Mexican immigrants deported from the West Coast of the United States. All these facts led to a high rate of growth of the city to the South and East, and made it one of the most rapidly growing cities of Mexico.

Tihuhan attend millions of American tourists from Southern California. Especially the city is attractive to young people, since in Mexican laws, alcohol is sold from 18 years old, unlike the United States, where it is available from 21 years. Also, the American youth is the main contingent of customers of sellers of marijuana and cocaine, semi-propelled pharmacies, where psychotropic drugs, numerous brothels and clubs are released without a prescription in the North Zone – Tihuang district «Red lanterns».

Simple Americans, mostly retirees, attracts cheapness in Tijuana cheapness of the medical services sector, abundance of souvenirs (Sombrero, Boots-Vacuos, Poncho, Silver products), adapted to the tastes of "Gringo" Mexican cuisine and ensembles Mariachi, performing folk songs in English.

The main magnet, attracting tourists, is Avenida revolution Boulevard and the quarters adjacent to it, where restaurants, brothels, shops and attractions work around the clock, cachetic street orchestras, calling cries of merchants, changed prostitutes.

Climate Tijuana Mediterranean, with soft winter and warm summer. The coldest month is January with an average temperature +13 °C, rarely lowered below 0 ° C.

Most of the precipitation falls in the winter, from November to March, and in February, the storm, ordinary for the Pacific region.

The hottest months from July to September, with an average temperature around +22 ° C.

Before joining these lands of the Spaniards, there were settlements of the Kumiai tribes (K’miai), related to other tribes who lived in the California Peninsula. This preserved links in some chronicles of missionaries who crossed this region on the way to the north.

The first European, who pulled down on the Land of the modern municipality Tijuana in 1769, was the Franciscan Monk Hunipero Serra.

In 1846, during the US Mexican War, the US fleet begins invasion of the coast of California. The unequal struggle followed after this, forced the Mexican government to enter into negotiations. After signing the truce, it was decided to establish new clear boundaries. The consequence of all this was the decision, that Tihuana will become a border city, on the other side of the port of San Diego, which remained for the Americans.

On July 11, 1889, it is considered the official date of the founding of the city of Tihuana, although before that, in 1864, in the settlement was already organized by the Support and the judiciary.

According to the 1900 census, 242 people lived in Tihuhan.

Tijuana (Tijuana)

At the beginning of the 20th century, the gambling business starts to develop in Tihuhan. In the development of this infrastructure, policies, businessmen and artists took part, the emerging California cinema.

In 1935, all gambling establishments of the country were closed by Decree of President Lasar Cardenas, including the casino and the Aliens Club in Tihuana.

In 1970, in Tihuhan, the International Airport named after General Abelardo l was commissioned. Rodriguez.

On March 23, 1994, Luis Donaldo Kolosio was killed in the suburb of Tijuana, the candidate for the presidency of Mexico from PRI. This tragic event shocked the whole country.

Even in the Mexican standards of Tihuana is considered a city with a very high level of crime and violence. In the northern, adjacent to the American border, areas of the city (especially through Sapata Canyon’s slums).

The struggle for control over these superfirefish areas of criminal business, especially in the field of drug transportation, is often poured into bloody clashes and even protracted wars between local cartels.

Ironing illegal crossing across the border «Poleos» or "naews" (in other places Mexico they call "Koyotes"). By 2010, more than a million people were moved through Tihuana in the United States in the United States, mainly Mexicans, Salvadorians, Honduradians, Bolivians, as well as Chinese and Vietnamese.

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