Ticks: Know the enemy in the face
200 million years live together vertebrates and ticks. Where we can meet them and which groups of people are subject to such meetings more often? The new project of the channel "Live Planet" is called "parasites". In this materials we tell about the ticks. Releases watch on the air.
Of 54,000 species of ticks, as a food object, less than a third are interested – some 12,000 species
Risk group number 1: everyone who happens in nature
In the parks, in the country, in the field and in the forest you will be raised by an Xodek mite. Most perhaps the famous. Encephalitis, borreliosis, Lyme disease, ricketersiosis and others – it’s all. In the spring, an xodek tick is the most dangerous, since he, having overwhelmed in the litter of leaves and herbs, with the first warm days gets into the light of very hungry. For his short life, he can drink blood from five to seven different owners. The first victims of the hungry ticks and ticks, after awakening from hibernation, small rodents become forest mice and voles. They are natural tanks of dangerous infections. Pouring at some stage of infected blood, the tick itself becomes biological weapons.
For hunting, the tick crashes on herbal and shrub vegetation, climbing the height of 60-80 cm, maximum 1 m. Three pairs of the legs, he hugs a blade, and the fourth pair exposes forward. There he has the senses that help to feel and warm and smells. The victim of the Ixodic tick flows from a distance of 5 m. The next step of hunting is to cling to: And for bare legs, and for trousers, and for the animal wool and will be able to. Well, and then simple: to find a suitable place and get enough.
During the power of the graceful female of the Ixode Tower weighing only in 5 mg, it becomes harder to 200 times. All this time she pours into the blood of the victim of pathogens. And all – for the sake of offspring.
Risk group number 2: Residents of the first and last floors
There are ticks, not accustomed to wait for mercies from nature. They themselves come to our homes, and attack immediately from two directions. Some appear with birds, others – with mice and rats.
Rat ticks together with their owners penetrates the apartment, populates them and, accordingly, attacks people. The second, chicken tick, is mostly connected with pigeons and lives in their nests. From the bites of the first mostly suffer the tenants of the lower floors, and from the bites of the second – the top, where birds live on the roofs and attics. Hamazy ticks move on communications in our homes and can attack a person when he falls within reach.
The size of the ham mold – about 1 mm. But, despite microscopic dimensions, his bite causes acute dermatitis. And this is just one of the diseases that a human hungry tick can award. Residents of southern latitudes should also be feared by Vesiculse Ricketsiosis.
Risk group №3: women 40 years
Meet: Dedoex. Most likely, lives right on your face. Somewhere in the pores of the skin in the area of nasolabial folds and forehead. The cohabitant is quite calm. At night, when you sleep, goes onto the skin of the skin to eat the die squeezes of the epidermis and selection of the sebaceous glands. For a person is not dangerous. It is believed that approximately 90% of the world’s population is the carrier of this tick, and the disease demadcosis develops only in 5%.
Zoologists found that these ticks are transferred to the child’s parents and peacefully accompany a person throughout life. Until a certain point. Provice demadx for reproduction can, for example, an immune failure of the body. Ticks on the face becomes too much, and they begin to eat live skin. Dermatologists are treated with treatment, in some cases cosmetologists. After the excessive reproduction of demadx on the skin of the face remains dark spots and scars, which can be eliminated only by surgical.
Why are women about 40 years in the risk group? It is for them that there is a decrease and hormonal background, and immune protective forces of the body. Also playing the nutrition and state of the gastrointestinal tract. Do not use fat, acute food, alcohol – all that increases skin fat.
Risk Group №4: Children and Elderly
Unlike demodex living on the surface of the skin, there are ticks, seeking to penetrate deep into. It is such a garlic tick, he is. After infection first time, from seven to ten days, a person does not feel anything. After passing the incubation period, itching appears: this is a foreign protein, which is contained in the excrement of the tick, causes an allergic reaction. The more tick under the skin, the manifestation is stronger.
Infection can occur as a result of using other people’s items and clothing, staying in the infected bed. It is most often found in people in groups – for example, in kindergarten, where children can wear their clothes, lie down in their bed, and from parents, patients with scabies, children can also get infected.
In the risk group, children and elderly people. Chesoccal ferment prefers not to bind to the immune system of a healthy person.
Risk group №5: All other
There are ticks, from which neither repellents, nor workwear and isolation of apartments. These are ticks living in home dust. They are so microscopic that they are not visible to the naked eye. It used to be widespread the opinion that dust pliers attack apartments whose owners neglect hygiene, they say, they, in the deposits of dust, and live these opposite creatures. In fact, ticks do not recognize social barriers and live in almost every home. That is, every night in your bed is my minimum of 30,000.
The dust pliers themselves satellites are not restless – at night they go to search for food, and with the onset of the day there is incurred deep into the mattresses. But they cause allergies. More precisely, allergies do not even arise on the ticks themselves, but on their products of their livelihoods. The main part of the allergens (and today they have already revealed more than 100) concentrated in the excrement of ticks, so-called fecal balls. Their dimensions are very small, these are dozens of microns. And every day the tick produces such from 20 to 40. They easily rise into the air, settle on the human mucous membrane, dissolve and launch allergic reactions. Allergies on ticks of home dust are not subject to many people – only 8%. But if the allergy manifested itself, the further life of the ticks in the house must be made as uncomfortable as possible. Daily wash the floors, wipe the surface, remove carpets and extra curtains, toys to buy predominantly those that can be washed, and.D.
No dust and tick living in it – no allergy. But we do not always succeed so easy to guarantee yourself safety from ticks. The confrontation continues.