Ticks in Irkutsk: Where to pass, how to insure where to contact?
Together with the spring-summer awakening of nature, unfortunately, seasonal threats are also manifested. One of them — Viral infection of tick-borne encephalitis, whose pedestals are forest pings. Encephalitis — a disease that can lead to persistent and heavy complications, neurological and psychiatric, and even cause the death of the sick.
How does a man’s infection occurs with tick-free infection?
The causative agents of the tick-free infection fall into our organism with saliva infected ticks during bloodsucm. Having flushed to the person, the tick spends some time in finding a place to suck, then carefully fastened at the location found and pushes his trumps deep into the skin. This process is accompanied by a tick of the abundance of saliva, which is anesthetles the place of bite, and the person does not feel it. Trulling after a few minutes hardens in a salivary traffic jam, «Emergency», that allows the tide to be tightly held in the place of bloodsucms, so it is so hard to remove it.
What sensations are experiencing a man when tick bite?
The process of bloodsucms in ticks can last a few days, until their full saturation. 6-12 hours after the bite, or later, a person begins to feel sadness and itching. After sated mite will disappear at the bite site can notice a small, 3-5 mm, inflamed skin with characteristic necrotic crust. Damage to the skin can persist for two to three weeks.
If you are bitten by a tick,
it should be removed immediately, on their own, in a fracture clinic or tick-borne infections Diagnostics Center. Then wrap mite in bandage or wet gauze, cloth, followed by a bank or a box placed in a refrigerator at +2 to +8°WITH. Within no more than two days, the tick must be taken to the laboratory for examination for the presence of the causative agent of encephalitis and / or borellioza. If the pathogen is found, you urgently need protivokleschevye immunoglobulin injection.
If the tick is lost or damaged, you need to study the patient’s blood. Preventive measures against tick-borne encephalitis are effective only within the first four days after the bite. A vaccine has not yet been developed against Lyme disease, detection Borelli conducted antibiotic prophylaxis.
How to remove ticks?
The essence of the most effective way is the following: it is necessary to seize the body of the tick with your fingertips and slightly delay its. One then it will be difficult, it is best to do this procedure together. The second person must tie the knot thread usual at the mite as close as possible to the surface of the skin is bitten. Then you need to tick slightly delay the thread and tie a second line between the skin and the assembly of the first line. The same pattern each subsequent thread need to tie below the previous. After the imposition of 3-5 knots mite usually manage to pull out entirely with the proboscis. Treat the place suction iodine or other antiseptic available to you.
Important! Sudden movements when removing the tick unacceptable, damaged mites can not become unfit for study!
Unacceptable as the use of aggressive fluids (petrol, kerosene, oil, etc.) for processing the body or the bite of the tick.
Where assisted by the bite of a tick?
We in Irkutsk ticks can be examined in two laboratories: the center of hygiene and epidemiology and the center of diagnosis and the prevention of tick-borne infections . By clicking on the links, you can choose the appropriate option and contact specialists. The survey will cost you about 1900 rubles.
What is a tick insurance?
Tick bite — Natural threat to your health, insurance (its cost about 300 rubles) helps protect the risk of financial expenses, inevitable in the diagnosis and prevention of tick-borne infections.
Insurance programs «Anti-tick» Very popular on the territory of the Irkutsk region, as a rule, they include the payment of the following types of medical services:
- Tick removal;
- Laboratory study of the tick for the presence of causative agents of tick-borne encephalitis and tick-borne borreliosis;
- examination of blood serum for the presence of a tick-borne encephalitis virus antigen;
- conducting specific prophylaxis (in case of detection of pathogens);
- Identification in serum antibodies.
Vaccination (vaccination) from a tick
held in Irkutsk in the center of diagnosis and prevention of tick-borne infections .
Rules of safe behavior in the forest
Ticks rarely rise from grass or shrub above one meter. As a rule, the tick is dug in the body not immediately, which makes it possible to detect it and warn suction. With special attention after returning from the forest, examine the armpits, the inguinal area, the inner surface of hip, folds and seams on clothes. Ticks may accidentally get into the house with a bouquet or shrub branches, they can be taken from the forest or park. Pets. Therefore, the Rules of Safe Conduct should be followed in the forest:
- Moving in the forest, try to keep the middle of the trails so as not to hurt grass or shrub;
- wear clothes with long sleeves, tightly fitting wrists;
- wear light, monophonic clothes, it is easier to notice the crawling tick on it;
- Pants refuel into socks or in boots;
- Your shoes should close the ankle and rear of the foot;
- Use repellents carefully reading the instructions for their use.
Click on the picture to enlarge!
Most often, the mites are attached to the skin of the hairpiece, to the neck, in the axillary region, in the navel area, in the perineum and the groove region, under the blades, on the spine — where clothes are loosely adjacent to the body surface.
According to the Federal Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology, as of May 6, 2016, more than 57,000 victims of ticks were addressed to medical organizations of all regions of Russia, including 9216 children. 6 cases of tick-borne encephalitis (St. Petersburg, Tomsk region and the Republic of Tyva) were registered, as well as 172 cases of tick-borne borrelliosis (the leaders were Moscow – 9 Cases, Kaluga – 7, Kaliningradskaya – 6, Penza – 4 and Sverdlovsk region – 3, and city Moscow – 2).
In total, in 2015, 2308 cases of infection with tick-borne encephalitis were revealed, in 2014 – 1984.
In total, in 2015, 7,359 cases of infection with tick-borne borreliosis (Lyme disease) were identified, in 2014 – 6375.
As for the Irkutsk region specifically, in 2015, the incidence of infections transmitted by the tick increased by 23% compared to 2014. Total ill 317 people (in 2014. – 257 people.), including tick-borne encephalitis –131 people, borreliosis – 124, tick-borne rickettsiosis – 62.