Tibet (Tibet)

Tibet covers an area of ​​1,228,400 km². The average height of the territory: 4,000 meters above sea level.

The highest mountain: Jomolungma (Everest).

A number of great rivers take place on the territory of Tibet, which then proceed on the territory of the residence of other nations and therefore are more famous by names in the languages ​​of these peoples (listed in brackets), and not by Tibetan. It is Yarong-Dzangbo (Brahmaputra), Ma-Chu (yellow river), Ji-Chu (Yangtze), Sengge-Dzangbo (Ind), Bang-Chu (ind.: Arun), Nag-Chu (Burm.: Salouin) and Dza-Chu (Mekong).

The largest lakes: Tsongug, Nam-Tso, Yumjoyum-Tso, Maphamum-Tso (Manasarovar).

Average temperature: 14 °C in July and −4 ° C in january.

The average level of precipitation: it differs greatly, in the western regions of 1 mm in January and 25 mm in July; In the eastern regions of 25-30 mm in January and 80 mm in July.

Tibet (Tibet)

Since 1959, when the Chinese authorities finally entrenched in Tibet, the local vintage burial rite was completely banned «Heavenly funeral». Only from 1974 after numerous requests of monks and ordinary Tibetans, the Chinese government allowed to resume the ceremony of "Heavenly Funeral". This is the method of burial Tibetans to this day consider for themselves the only possible. Exception is made only for Dalai Lama and Panchen Lama. Their bodies after death are embarrassed and covered with gold.

All Tibet monasteries are now controlled by communist democratic committees. The members of this committee are the Chinese, live in monasteries and conduct a religious policy of the Chinese government.

617-650.. – The rule of Tsar Songzen Gampo, which is known for which Buddhism is brought to Tibet. There are many contradictory and fantastic legends about him, which is why it is not easy to restore historically. After the death of Songzen Gampo formally, the power passed to his grandson, but the minister began to rule the country, and Buddhism came into decay.

755-797.. – The Board of Tronong Decent, who restored the Buddha’s teachings in the country, inviting Shantarakshitu and Padmasambhaw for this purpose, which organized the translation from Sanskrit Texts of the teaching and created the Buddhist Sangha Tibet. In Central Tibet, a monastery University was built, which is still one of the most important centers of Buddhism.

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