The most important archaeological districts of Albania and antique cities
A narrow pleasant street overlooking the sea through the plantations of olives and orange groves leads to Breint. Ancient city is 15 km southward. Saranda. Since ancient times, the city was populated by Illyrians – the descendants of which are Albanians. Today the city is protected by UNESCO and has the status "City of world inheritance".
The big territory of the city today is a national park and is visited all year round as an archaeological center, where antiquity and beauty are familiar with each other.
Conducted archaeological works show that Breint was an important city of Illyrians, one of the largest tribes of the Illyria. According to excavations, it is proved that this area was inhabited from paleotic times. In the 6th century, residents (Greeks) of the island of Corfu settled this area along with Illyrians. Thanks to trade between tribes, great progress was made. In the V century BC.NS. Biffrint was a well-developed city. In the 4th century BC.Eh conquered Epir, and in 167 g. to N.NS. The city was already under the domination of the Roman Empire. In the X century, the city became an important center of the Byzantine Empire. Normans won the city in the XI century and moved to Wennedik from 1690 to 1797., When the city passed into the hands of Ali Pashelena. After weakening the principle of Ali Pash Tephelen, the city in 1822. Switched to the Ottoman Empire until 1913. Behind the walls of the bundorm, in the beautiful, intact landscape of southern Albania, you can find the remains of fortresses, churches, the Roman aqueduct, which once supplied the city with water, as well as Roman villas. This historic landscape is also a housing of a rich variety of rare and endangered species of the animal world. In an antique city, among a large number of finds, you can see an antique amphitheater, pacpeurs of asclepio or asculapius, the walls of the old city, Baptister, nymphhaeus and much more.
Antique city of Apollonia is 12 km from the city of Fiere. The city was opened at the beginning of the 6th century to N.NS. Greek Colonizers from Corinth. In the first years of its existence, the city retained Corinth and Corkur. Antique city of Apollonia was located on the banks of the Aos River (today weight). He played a big role as a trading mediator between Helena and Illyrians. Apollonia is of particular interest: a wall that surrounds the city, a monument of the agonetie, library, Odeoni, a pretika, house mosaic, archaeological museum "Apollonia", Church of St. Mary. Unfortunately, part of archaeological finds were taken into museums of other countries until 1945. On the territory of the city there is a monastery of the XIII century, in which the most interesting finds are supplied. In the garden of the monastery there is a 14th century church.
Many archaeologists from all over the world are interested in the discoveries of long-standing traces in Albania, which are dated from the time of Paleolitis, 100.000 thousand. years ago, such traces were found in the town of the Tsar in G. Saranda and town Gaitan in g. Shkodr. In times of Neolithic 7000 – 3000 years before.NS. Such discoveries were made in the town of Dunnavets and Malic in G. Korch. Other archaeological districts that today are of great interest for the whole world culture are: Amantia, Bulis, Antgonea, Albanolation, Lizard, Lisi.
The name of Amantia was first mentioned in the IV century before.NS. Amantia is located on the hill and has high walls that surround this pearl. In the third century BC.Eh acquired economic strength and released the first coins. There are traces of papool of the apfeiti, ancient theater and stadium.
The ancient city of Bulis was the center of Illyria and one of the largest and most important cities. During the 4th century BC.Eh developed rapid pace. And in the third century to n.NS. The construction of the theater, stadium and t.D. In the first century.NS. The city became a Roman colony, and in the V-VI century.NS. became Dioqeze, the fact that was proven when basilics were discovered characteristic of that period of the Roman Empire.
The ancient city was opened in the III century to.NS.
Albanooli is located on a hill, near the town of Zerdhesh, g. Cruel. The city was the center of the Illyrian tribe Alban. Albanians lived in this city in the II and III century.NS. The name of today’s Albania comes from the name of this tribe.
Ruins of Illyrian cities IV-III BC.NS. At the beginning of the III century BC.NS. The district became the center of Illyry, Dasaretia.
The city was created in the IV century BC.NS. Walls of the III-II century who surround the city, divided it into three parts: Acropolis, Center and Peripherals, which were located on the banks of the Drin River. The walls of the city, its 12 gates and many towers, are preserved very well.
8 National Antique Parks will operate from north to south in Albania. All these parks will be managed by the successful model of control of the Antique Park Biffrint.
So, there is a solution … Then the miracle will happen. On the example of the bundline will be controlled by an antique park in Apollonia, Bulisa, Amantia, Orikhi, Finich, Antagona, Keppers in the city of Shkodra and the fortress in the city lying. Recently, thanks to the attention of the government of Albania and UNESCO, Albania becomes a place where antiquity, medieval and modernity can surprise any person. The purpose of this step is to continue archaeological works in these parks, a complete restoration, the construction of archaeological museums in the parks and their advertising to fully turn into tourist areas.