The most beautiful temples and churches of Kaluga
In this post I want to talk about two of the most interesting from my point of view of the temples of Kaluga. Man, I’m not religious, but our our Orthodox churches love, above all, for their beauty and peaceful atmosphere within ..
Most of all I like the church of Kosma and Damiana, that on Suvorov Street, also known as the Sosmodamian Church. Her full name "The temple in honor of the holy martyrs and disinterested Cosmas and Damian, Rome". Was built in 1794 and its architecture baroque markedly different from other temples in Kaluga, primarily for its staunchness, grace and proportionality. By the way at the time it was one of the most expensive in terms of construction of the city of temples and one of the richest.
In 1937 it was closed and used as a prison, and after World War II it became economic warehouse and garage. Only in 1992 the Church of Cosmas and Damian returned Kaluga diocese and began its slow recovery. Now she is acting and is one of the most interesting and photographed religious attractions.
Also worthy of attention, and the other five-domed temple Kaluga – "Protection of the Virgin on the Moat", is the oldest stone building built in Kaluga. It located on the street Marata 4. This church was built in 1867, and its main feature is that there are two little windows on the north and south side, as is usually done in all the churches of those days, and three. Next to the church stands the beautiful octagonal bell tower.
In 1937 "Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin on the Moat" was closed and converted into a hatchery, and in 1990 staged a concert hall here. Now the temple is returned to the Diocese of Kaluga.
In general, for me it is the most interesting religious sites in Kaluga, I hope you also liked these churches. By the way, could not find the answer online, why the temple is called "in the ditch," I know that St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow is also known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin on the Moat. If anyone knows, prompt, please, it is interesting to know!