Strasbourg – a detailed guide to the city of both countries
In Strasbourg come to see the historic city center. The main attraction of the city – Cathedral one tower. It is best to come to Strasbourg in the summer or Christmas Eve.
Among the European cities of Strasbourg stands out.
Here it spelled the European Parliament and the European Court of Human Rights. Strasbourg is unique as no other city in Europe – it can be safely called the city of the two countries.
Strasbourg – French town.
It stands on the border with Germany: across the river – the German city of Kehl. Cities are connected by a bridge, the residents go to each other’s homes.
Two thousand years of history of the city contains a long period when the Strasbourg several times successively became the German, the French.
A mixture of two cultures and making capital unique Alsace.
You walk around the city and you can not see where you are – typical German meticulousness and restraint connected to the exquisite French and ease restlessness at this disc.
The territory of the city planned so that the transition from the center to the outskirts, you definitely will pass through several historical epochs.
City center – medieval, it is surrounded by areas of the Baroque era and the Enlightenment, then – Classicism, Modernism and so on.
A Brief History of Strasbourg
According to legend the city was founded by the Celts. It was called Argentoratum.
In 12 g. N. NS. here come the Romans, and built a fortified camp.
In the V century, Captured at first Alemannes, the city goes into possession of francs and gets the name Strateurburg – the city of roads.
From the IX century The city is part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. In the XIII century gets self-government.
In the XV century Strasbourg appears its own constitution. In a constant form, it existed to the Great French Revolution.
In XVII century the city is moving away to France in the Westphalian Treaty.
In 1870. Strasbourg is besieged, after the surrender passed to Germany.
Since 1918 – Strasbourg again becomes French.
In the 1940s The Germans capture the city again, in 1944, the army of General Teleler liberate Strasbourg and return it to the French citizenship.
Where to stay in Strasbourg
Strasbourg can not be called a resort town, but there is no lack of tourists.
This is not only a parliamentary capital of Europe, it is an important cultural and scientific center of France. The city holds many theatrical and music festivals, exhibitions, scientific symposia and conferences.
Unlike southern resort cities, Strasbourg keeps accommodation prices about the same level all year round. There are no time for "high" and "low" seasons.
Strasbourg – the city is not very big.
Therefore, if in the search engine indicate that the hotel is located 2.5 km from the city center, it is not necessary to scare. 2-3 km on foot – it’s 30-40 minutes walk. Besides, watching around will be what.
Transport connection in Strasbourg developed perfectly, tram lines associate all areas of the city.
Hotels Most on Booking.Com
From the areas for housing, the Little France quarter is the very heart of the city, its historical part. The European Quarter is located next to the Palace of Europe. Place is quiet and cozy. Near the famous Strasbourg Orange Park.
Silence and peace In modern areas you will find on East Strasbourg. There are many parks and squares, museums and university buildings.
Southern regions Cities like amateurs of fun nightlife. Youth clubs, bars, cheap restaurants and parties are concentrated here.
Remember the names of the quarters: Krutenau and Finkwiller.
At prices you oriented Booking.com, apartments and rooms will help you choose Airbnb.Ru.
Remember that France is not cheap.
What and where to eat in Strasbourg
The Kitchen of Alsace carries the traditions of German cuisine with a serious influence of the romance kitchen.
From dishes worth trying:
- Tart Flabme – Local Pizza.
- Baeckeoffe – Roast for three types of meat: beef, pork, lamb.
- Be sure to try Civet – stew in the wine rabbit with a side dish from Specli – homemade noodles or plutu – potato beds.
In general, everything that you will be offered from the traditional Alsatian cuisine, it is worth trying – it is delicious and satisfying.
The main restaurants and cafes in Strasbourg are concentrated in the "Little France" area.
The Gutenber Square is very decent and not very expensive Restaurant "Gütenber".
In the house of Kammercel there is a restaurant Maison Kammerzell. Restaurant offers typical Alsatian cuisine and copyright dishes. Middle check – 40-45 euros.
Site: Maison-Kammerzell.Com. In the "Restaurant" section there is a menu with prices.
Let me remind you only about the rule: you want to eat high quality and inexpensive, eat where local people eat. In the same "little France" leave the main tourist trail, wrap the corner. There there is always a restaurant or cafe, where residents of Strasbourg are sitting at the tables. They know exactly a sense of tasty and high-quality local cuisine.
Strasbourg on the map
The map shows where Strasbourg is located and its sights.
What to see in Strasbourg and where to go
In Strasbourg, it is pleasant: it is a beautiful, cozy and very calm city. Sightseeing in it a lot. I will list the main places you need to visit.
La Petite France (Little France Quarter)
The most picturesque quarter of today Strasbourg leads history from the XVI century.
It all consists of houses of half-timbered architecture. By the time of the quarter, Strasbourg owned the Germans. Name gave a hospital here, where the "French disease" was treated – syphilis.
In the area there were fishermen and leathermen who needed outdoor spaces to dry the selected skin. Therefore, houses in this block have so many roofs with wide galleries and canopies.
Today "Little France" – a revived picture for European fairy tales.
From that time there is no trace.
It is pleasant to walk. There is also a large number of all kinds of restaurants and cafes. In 1988, he was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Dam Voban and indoor bridges
Damba Voban carries the name of his author: Marshal Sebastian Voban, famous in France of the Military Engineer.
Woban designed and built a dam on the Ile River at the very end of the XVII century, in the years when Strasbourg became French.
In the Thirteen Arches of the Dama hidden a cunning system of gateways, with which it was possible to quickly flood the southern city shorts in the case of enemy attack on this side.
Dam herself is a large indoor bridge.
Today in its galleries there are exhibitions of contemporary art. Here are the sculptures and figures of Garguli, discarded from the walls of the Strasbourg Cathedral during the French Revolution.
Vogan Damb – it’s also observation deck: On the one hand, the gallery opens a beautiful view of "Little France", on the other – you will see indoor bridges and watchtowers.
Indoor bridges – Four, they shifted through four channels of the River Il.
From the roof, once of their covered, only name. Bridges built in the first half of the XIII century and were used as defensive-fortification facilities.
Initially bridges were wooden.
For centuries they were rebuilt, and when Vaven built his dam, lost defensive importance. The appearance in which they exist today, bridges acquired by the XIX century.
Between the bridges come out Watchtower. Towers – Rowers Bridges.
Unlike bridges, the roofs on the towers were originally not. Upstairs were equipped with observation sites.
All the towers were five. Each had its own name: chain tower, Heinrich Tower, Hansa Tower Background Altheim, French Tower and Tower of the Pale.
Tower of chains I did not stand up to this day, she burned down in the XIX century. The towers performed not only the functions of the observation points. They have city prisons and even a brothel.
Cathedral Cathedral Notre Dame de Strasbourg For a long time was considered the highest cathedral in Europe.
Its construction began in 1015, completed in 1439. The spire of the Northern Tower is asked to a height of 142 meters. The southern tower did not build. Asymmetry of the cathedral has become his business card.
From the observation deck at the foot of the tower opens a dizzying view of the city. From the treasures of the Strasbourg Cathedral, it is necessary to highlight Astronomical hours. Beautiful stained glass windows, crypt and chapels. Catherine.
The tower of the cathedral is composed of stones donated or donated by residents of the city. The names of the donors are engraved on the tower walls.
Cathedral is open:
- Daily from 8:30 to 11:15 and from 12:45 to 17:45,
- On Sunday – from 13:30 to 17:30.
- Access to astronomical clock – daily from 11:30 to 12:30, except Sunday.
Ticket – € 3.
Cashier is located at the portal Saint-Michel outside the cathedral, opens at 11:20.
V 12:00 You will be shown a movie about the clock, in 12:30 You can see the movement of the Figurines of the Apostles.
Rise On the viewing platform can:
- Daily from 9:30 to 20:00 (from April 1 to September 30)
- from 10:00 to 18:00 (from October 1 to March 31).
The ticket is within € 5.
House of Kammercel
House of Kammercel is considered a masterpiece of half-timbered architecture.
It was built in 1427.
Lower floor Stone, the rest are wooden, they are richly decorated with carved sculptures and decor. The house is characterized by a large number of windows, their 75. According to the style of the structure belongs to the Gothic, but it is a completely renaissance.
The house often changed the owners, the name received from his last owner, groceser Kammercel. Today, the building in possession of the municipality, the lower floor it occupies a hotel, the upper floors – a restaurant.
See this house you need to omnita, such houses you will not meet anywhere in Europe.
Go to the house Kammerzell through Cathedral Square, near Strasbourg Cathedral. And the cathedral advise to go through the small medieval quarter, which is surrounded by the Cathedral.
After cobblestone streets and market halberdier piglets, a charming little market square, after the beauty and grandeur of the Cathedral, the house Kammerzell will be an excellent point in the beautiful medieval tale in which you will go.
This remarkable structure appeared in the XVIII century, is named after its founder – bishop of Strasbourg, Cardinal Armand Gaston Maximilien de Rohan-Soubise. In the palace often stopped monarchs.
Today, there are available Exposure immediately three museums: Arts and crafts, fine arts and archaeological museum.
In the halls Museum of arts and crafts you will see the apartments of Cardinal and monarchs with historical decoration and interior details, collections of ceramics, furniture, jewelry, watches and art forging. All the exhibits date back to the XVII-XIX centuries.
Very interesting collection of clockwork dolls.
Museum of Fine Arts presents European paintings from the Middle Ages until the second half of the XIX century.
Archaeological Museum It occupies the ground floor of the building. Here you penetrate into the history of the Alsace region in the period from 600 thousand years BC.NS. before the first millennium of our time. The finds on display in the halls, are found in Alsace and relate to the Paleolithic period, Neolithic, Iron and Bronze Age, the Gallo-Roman domination, the Merovingian era.
Tickets to the museum are on € 6.5.
Time of museums – every day except Tuesday – from 10:00 to 18:00.
Site Museums of Strasbourg: musees.strasbourg.eu.
Museum of modern and contemporary art of Strasbourg
One of France’s biggest museums of modern art appeared seemingly by chance.
collector lived in Strasbourg, which gave the city its collection. She began to develop. Now in the museum collection of 19 thousand artifacts. Among them, the works of Monet, Renoara, Chagal, Kandinsky, Picasso, Gauguen, Magritte and other painters, a large collection of works Gustava Dore, a serious collection of paintings by local masters and the creator of the Art Nouveau Ren Lalika.
The museum is open daily – from 10:00 to 17:00.
Entrance – € 6.
Museum of Alsace
The Alsatian Museum occupies several buildings at once and tells in more detail about the life and history of the terrain, which was at the very border of France and Germany.
Life, costumes, interiors, toys, houses, and much more – all this you will see in the halls of the museum. Turning out of the hall to the hall, from the building to the building, somewhere on the balcony, somewhere through the courtyard, somewhere along the screw staircase, you plunge into the history of Alsace, the upset of his color.
The museum is open daily, except Tuesday – from 10:00 to 18:00
The ticket costs € 6.50.
Church of St. Paul
Greater Neo-ethnic Cathedral is built at the end of the XIX century.
Architecture he resembles the Marburg Cathedral. What is characteristic of the Cathedral of Protestant. One of the main attractions of the Cathedral – organ.
What else to see in Stasburg
Among memorable places of Strasbourg want to mention Monument to Johann Gutenberg, The founder of typography, Square of Iron Man – One of the small urban areas, where on the facade of the house, over the entrance to the pharmacy, the figure of a person in knight lats is banging. Pretty notable Fountain "Janus", Built in commemoration of the onset of the Millennium III.
Very interesting Square Brough, Where is located Opera theatre: on both sides, it is fought by plane trees, in the center it stands Obelisk General Lekler, who freed Strasbourg from Germans in 1944. In the mornings on this area, the market is noise.
Republic Square From the three sides, the Rhine Palace, the buildings of the National Library and the National Theater are closed. This area is very beautiful.
Of course, it will not be "noted" near the buildings of the European Palace and the Palace of Europe.
Being in Strasbourg, do not deny yourself the pleasure of walking along the il river on the river tram.
How to get to Strasbourg
Directly from Moscow to Strasbourg.
The route will include one or three transplants from the aircraft by the aircraft or from some point where you will get the air transport, you will have to transfer the train or bus.
How to get to Strasbourg from Moscow through Frankfurt am Main
Many consider flight to the most affordable and proven option Frankfurt am Main, and from there to Strasbourg there is a bus bus Lufthansa bus (company page on the airport site).
The bus goes 1.5 – 2 hours.
Find the parking lot at the airport of Frankfurt with inappropriate, so you will learn the airport site: Frankfurt-Airport.Com. There is a map of terminals indicating parking buses.
When buying a ticket to Frankfurt, plane Lufthansa You can immediately book and buy a bus ticket from Strasbourg.
To buy these tickets, use Lufthansa or Frankfurt Airport Airlines sites (link above). In Strasbourg, the bus will take you to the square at the railway station.
From Moscow to Strasbourg through Paris
Another option – fly to Paris, And there to transfer either directly on a direct plane to Strasbourg, or fly with another transplant through Nantes, Nice, Marseille or Toulizu.
Direct train from Paris You will get to Strasbourg for 1 hour 45 minutes – 3 hours with a small one (depending on the category of the train).
Buses from Paris come to Strasbourg for 5-6 hours.
Many airlines offer complex routes. For example, KLM flies through Amsterdam from Moscow, through Prague – Czech Airlines.
Useful tips and tricks in travel
To save on airline tickets:
Find a cheap flight using Aviasales. He is looking for tickets from airlines around the world.
Instructions how to buy tickets to the Internet Read here
How to save at the hotel:
Book a hotel, hostel or apartment on Booking.Com – This is the most convenient and popular tool. We have on our site selections of interesting housing.
And here – Instructions for airbnb
Do not forget insurance:
Travel insurance is needed in case of disease, injuries, and theft. Authors of the DOROGI-NE-DOROGI site.Ru never travel without insurance. To search for insurance companies, we use the service Cherehapa.Ru
Optical guide and an interesting excursion:
Use Tripter – They have the largest selection of unusual excursions worldwide.