Sights of Turkey: Ephesus
The greatest and best of all preserved ancient city on the shores of the Aegean Sea and the second most important after Pompeev in the Mediterranean, ancient Hilt – The most visited landmark in Turkey. Legends associate the appearance of the city with the name Andrkl, the son of the ruler of Athens Codra, who arrived at the Council of Oracle in these places to lay the temple of Artemis. The city got its name on behalf of Amazon Efesia, the beloved Andrkl. Already in the 10th century BC. NS. On the northern slope of Mountain Peony (now – Moden, or Panayir-Dag, 644 m) was noisy than the city, quickly became a large trading port and the end point of many trade routes from Asia. The sea level in those times was 57 meters above the modern, so the city flourished, and the cult of Artemis quickly "Shot" with an ancient Asian cult kibel. The city was so rich that he did not even build the fortress walls, hoping only on the authority of his temples and politicians. Interestingly, when the casting rims in the sixth century approached the city, the locals did not have other protection, except for ropes, enclosing the temple of Artemis, by that time the status of one of the seven wonders of the world. Surprised such "naivety", Crereship did not touch the city and even contributed to the temple treasury.
The city was laid on the shore of the Aegean Sea and quickly developed through trade. After the earthquake in the III century BC. NS. The sea retreated, the city and the port were transferred to Lisimah to a new place, above the mountain (the former harbor turned into a swamp, which is now hiding 80% of the ancient city), but the sea is all molelo, and the city began to quickly decline (today the coast trait passes Approximately 10 km from the ruins). During the Roman rule, the city managed to visit the capital of Asia province and decorated with magnificent public buildings and palaces (at that time he was the second city of the Empire after Rome!). But in 262 n. NS. The city is almost completely destroyed during the raid is ready and for many centuries falls into oblivion. Only in 1869, the first fragments were opened by British archaeologists "new city" Lisimaha times, and then other quarters of this unique ancient city.
- Avenue Stadium in Ephesus
- Trojan Fountain, Ephesus
- Place of sacred fire in Ephesus
- Celsuus Library, Ephesus
Myself Archaeological site Ephesus (open daily from 8.30 to 18.30, in winter – up to 17.30, the entrance – 15 Try) revealed quite a few unique monuments, among which Odeon, or a small theater (150 g. to N. NS.), Roman Agora (II-IV BB. N. NS.) With the temple of the Snarey, the Temple of Adriana (118-138. N. NS.), huge arena theater (III-II centuries. to N. NS.), the so-called Arcadia path, scholastic terms (V in. N. NS.), covered by a protective facade of steel and glass frescoes of terraced buildings on Kurendov Street and this once rich quarter of mansions and villas (I-VI centuries. N. NS.), Tracana Fountain and Gate Hercules, Celsius Library (110-135. N. NS.) and associated underground house of tolerance, progress and temple of Gesthenia (Vesti, III in. to N. NS.), gymnasas and stadium Nero, as well as the gate of Magnesia and the terms of the varioce.
Slightly above the mountain above the main entrance to the archaeological complex is extensive Catacombs network with sheedy legends cave "Seven sleeping" (Open to visit only the lower tier).
Almost above the stadium of Nero, almost on top of the ridge, stands on a green slope Chapel of St. Mary (Meriaman, II-IV BB. N. NS.) – built as a Roman warehouse, she was a meeting place for the Universal Cathedral of 431. NS., and her baptistery is still in good condition. With Ephesus, many legends dedicated to the life of the Virgin Mary are connected – it is believed that she lived in the city of the last years of his life. On Mount Panair is the holy source, near which the excavations opened a number of walls and foundations I century n. NS., And near them, in the 9th century, a small church was built, which is the place of pilgrimage of Christians. One of the fragments of ancient facilities turned into a kind of wall of desires, on which the nodules can be consolidated with his wish (for this there is a special lattice) in the hope that it will surely come true. You can get to shrines on a private car or taxi, otherwise you will have to scramble in the mountain on foot more than an hour.
Around the city
Approximately 12 km south of Selchuk, on the main highway to Aydin, lies the village Chamlyk (Camlik) – Place of accommodation of a good open railway museum (works daily, the whole day, input – 2 TRY). The complex takes the spare paths of the old locomotive depot and includes more than two dozen steam locomotives of the beginning of the 20th century from all over Europe and even from the US. Moreover, in contrast to many other museums of this kind, it is quite permissible to climb any of the locomotives into the cockpit and even turn a special swivel circle around which the most impressive vehicles are grouped into special ways.
Reviews and studies of trips
Ancient Greek advertising in Ephesus
On one of the streets of Ephesus lies the stove with "imprint" feet. This sign indicated local residents and sailing to the city of sailors to a public house. Read more →