Sights of Senegal
Senegal is one of the most visited by tourists of West Africa. The country is well known for its beauty of nature, a variety of natural medium, mixing various natural climatic zones, the luxurious ocean coast and colorful local population. Green southern areas are saturated with natural objects, arid north serves as a gateway to the mysterious world of Sahara, and the internal areas are attracted by their original culture, musical traditions and famous Senegal fabrics that carry the imprint of the historical heritage of numerous ethnic groups of the country.
Country of the country – Dakar – a large shopping and tourist center of West Africa, which has a fairly smooth and cool climate. This is a big and modern city, little similar to most of the capitals of the region, and at the same time carrying the indelible flavor of local culture. The central part of the city, lying on a small elevation, is limited to three main streets and is saturated with colorful shops, clubs and restaurants. Here is the traditional Medina for this region with the usual for the Arab cities "Sachel" The planning in which the houses are formed by houses, in the center of which is a tree, as well as the Independence Square, Town Hall (1914 g), Business Quarter, Pier and many different institutions. This picturesque area is an excellent place for hiking.
The main attractions of the capital are the art museum, the Maritime Museum, the Historical Museum, as well as the Jofan Museum on Soweto Square, which has an excellent collection of masks, musical instruments and sculptures from the entire region of West Africa. Snow White Presidential Palace, built in 1906. On the ocean, surrounded by a beautiful park. Not far from the center of the city, the Grand Moska is highlighted at night ("Big mosque", Built in 1964. In the image and likeness of the great mosques of Medina – Nemumulmans The entry is prohibited!).
In the capital there are several largest markets ("Marsh") constituting no less pride of the capital than museums or palaces. Surrounded by beautiful colonial houses, a small, but very rich market Kermel (the building was built in 1860, restored in 1997) is located in the port area and specializes in colors and folk fishing products. The larger indoor two-story Sandaga market is located in the building of a very picturesque architecture, and sells, mainly food. Around him, along the road Emil-Badyan, broken many tents "Bola Bal", in which they sell audio and video equipment, and often the most modern models and at quite reasonable prices. Near the Medina lies the market of Tilen – a great place to buy local souvenirs, fruits and spices. The most typical "Malian market" (Marsh-Mali) Located at the station – here trade incenses (famous "Turay" You can only buy here), pearls and terracotta products. The fish market is considered Sumbediyun, located on the bay of the bay a few kilometers from the city center, between Mesign and Gyel-Tapha. There are also several small markets near the port, the Kazamans market (goods from the southern regions of the country, located on the pier, from where the courts in Ziginshor come from), as well as the wholesalers of the Castorce and many Sunday markets "Luma", on which the goods are exhibited residents of neighboring villages.
The northeast of the railway station of the capital is a well-equipped Beach Bel Air, and the beaches of Institiut-Paster, Ans-Bernard and Enfantts lie within the city feature in the south of the capital. North-west Dakar are located picturesque islands of Ngor, Yoff and La Madelen, which have excellent conditions for sea holidays. Not far away, on the shore of Hann, the zoo has been lying.
On the ocean, the north of the university town, along the Kornish Avenue, the Embassy Quarter Fan Residence and the Villa Uaki area with a magnificent mosque of the same name, and a little north of two hills of volcanic origin of Les Mamel, on the most Western of which one of the biggest continent lighthouses (A little smaller lighthouse decorates Cape Cap Manuel, in the very south of the Cap-vert peninsula on which Dakar is located). And the north stretches Cape Almadi – the most western point of the African continent. Nearby, just twenty minutes from Dakar, is located one of the best resorts of the country – Les Almadi, where a whole series of hotels was lined up along the beach (from two to five "star"), among which many colonial-style mansions.
Lake Retba (Lacques)
One of the main attractions of Senegal – Retba Lake, located 30 km from Dakar. Its a unique feature is the colossal content in the water of various salts (primarily magnesium), and the concentration of them here is 10 times higher than in the waters of the World Ocean – about 350-380 grams per liter. Special halofithic bacteria are the only inhabitants of these waters, give the lake a characteristic pink color. Along the shore, multi-kilometer heaps of salt produced by local residents are stretching, and then exported. Not far from the lake is the turtle nature reserve.
70 km southeast Dakar, between Ryfi and Joal Faady, lies the resort area of the PC Cat ("Little coast"). The ocean is almost always calm here, since from the West this coast is covered by the Cap-vert peninsula, which softens sea winds. A whole series of beaches, interrupted only by picturesque fishing villages, 300 sunny days a year, picturesque landscapes and a large number of hotels – Here is the property of this area. The most beautiful shores are located in the village of Yenne, Tubab-Dhyllow, Ndayan, Popengin, Somon and Ngaparou. Here, 8 kilometers north of MBU, there is a world famous resort village Sali. In the area of Sali-Portudal there are dozens of hotels, restaurants, banks, casinos and folklore villages. It offers a wide range of tourist entertainment – fishing, surfing, water skiing, tennis, horse riding and t. D.
Il de Gori Island, which is 3 km. east of the capital, famous for its houses of colonial architecture, the magnificent sandy beach of Le Castel, an excellent historical museum in destter fort (Northern Island), able to argue on the wealth of exposition with the metropolitan, maritime museum, the museum of women and the excellent tourist market around the pier, Practically wholely oriented guest service from other countries. The special pride of the city is a carefully restored historical market of slaves, built in 1786, and currently being a unique Museum of Culture and Folklore Africans, posted the beginning of many modern peoples of both Americas. For centuries here, on a large transshipment base in Fort Le Castell – Mason de Esclava ("House Rab"), have been cooled by slaves from all over West Africa. Therefore, now the story of slavery is of special interest for Senegalents (although the very fact of keeping the slaves here is dubious). In 1978, the island was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
One of the most interesting cities of the continent, the oldest city of the country and the first European settlement in West Africa. Saint-Louis was founded in 1659 g on the island that occupies a strategically important position near the mouth of the Senegal River, between the continent and the Peninsula Lange de Berbury. The main city of French colonies in the western part of Africa, St. Louis from the end of the XIX century was one of the most dynamically developing ports of the continent and an important commercial center of the region. From 1872 to 1957, Saint-Louis was the capital of Senegal and retained the traces of his former majority even to the present day. In 2000, the historical part of the island was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Today, Saint-Louis spread over the coast and adjacent islands related to each other in small bridges. A large number of old mansions in the colonial style with forged lattices and carved balconies and verandas have been preserved in the island of the city. Tourists necessarily visit the old, more similar to the fort, the governor’s palace (XVIII c) with an area of Fader in front of him, a cathedral in style "Modern" (1828, the oldest church in Senegal) and a unique Muslim cemetery, all places between graves on which fishing nets are hung. Bridge Faiderba, connecting the island and mainland of the city – the real work of engineering art. Created for installation on the Danube, he was some unknown ways in Africa and was empty at his place in 1897. The Peninsula of Lange de Berbryry is engaged in fishing artels forming the pictorial quarter of Get-H"Dar, and numerous tourist centers.
20 km. South of the city, on the south coast of the Lange de Berbury Peninsula, are good beaches, as well as the National Park, guarding waterfowl, first of all – pink flamingos, white pelicans and feeds, as well as sea turtles going here in the period Reproduction. From St. Louis, you can take a trip along the Senegal River to the historic cities of Podor, Bakel and Matam with their colorful architecture. Just 50 km north of the city is an excellent Judg National Park – Place of wintering more than 3 million birds flying here from all over Europe and Mediterranean.
Located 70 km. east of the capital, the city of Tes – the second largest city. It is a district where you come to relax in shady groves with whole families or in order to visit small restaurants and cafes of the main street of the city. Senegalents call this city "Our Paris" and are very proud of the Senegalese decorative art factory located here, famous for their decorative fabrics and tapestries, many of whom are actually real works of art and stand in other parts of the world many hundreds of US dollars.
Ziginshor city, located on the south bank of the Estoaria of the Khamams River, – the main goal in the southern regions of the country. Founded by Portuguese workers in the XVI century, the city is today an important shopping and agricultural center of the country. Ziginshor himself, at first glance, cannot boast some special attractions, nevertheless, the as many tourists come here annually as local residents live. Attracts guests here, first of all, the beautiful local market of Marsh-Saint-Mor, one of the best and cheapest in the country, and the famous local handicraft center, which is famous for its metal works (first of all – silver) and the tree of valuable breeds. Works of local masters have been decorated with the best museums of the world for many years. East of the city lies the village of Ediju, famous for its masters of traditional clay utensils. The fishing village of Mlopov is proud of its baobabum for more than 400 years and the ethnographic museum. Karaban Island, located on the Khamams River, was an important center of colonization of the country. Gorgeous beaches, colorful Portuguese Church (XVII c) and a cemetery with a grave of Captain Prota – the main decorations of the island. To the west of Ziginsor, there is a unique farm de-jibelor, engaged in breeding and breeding of valuable wood wood, and therefore is a supplier of seedlings and seeds for leading botanical gardens of the world.
Cape Skiring Beaches are considered to be among the best in Africa, so actively used as a modern resort area with excellent service and a variety of first-class hotels, bars, restaurants and water centers. Beaches are also very popular"Mountains, Malika-O-Mer and DR. A little east of Cape lies the village of Dwembering, famous for its magnificent cheese. More easter than the State Reserve Kazamans (area of about 35,000 hectares), guarding the forest coastal zone, swamps and mangrove forests, in which there is a huge number of fauna representatives – buffaloes, red monkeys, leopards and crocodiles, as well as more than 300 species of birds. In the area of the deck, the hunt is allowed.
Sin-salium region lying south of bird-cat, named the Salum River and its main inflows. The region with a huge historical heritage was sometime for the heyday of the Kingdom of Sin (Capital – Diakhao) and Salum (Capital – Cachon). Delta Sin-Salum – one of the most beautiful places of Senegal. On an area of more than 180,000 hectares, mangrove forests, salt and fresh lagows, large areas of rainforest and picturesque sandy shores spread here. It is not surprising that in 1976 the State Reserve of Delta Salum, which was founded in 1981 with a list of UNESCO World Biosphere Reserves. This is the second largest reserve of the country (area of about 76,000 hectares) and one of the most interesting parks of Africa. 72 endemic species of animals, more than 370 species of birds, of which about 40 are subject to disappearing species, more than 200 species of fish and the rarest species of water inhabitants, like Lamanians, river dolphins and three different types of sea turtles.
In Kolaka (Senegalents say "Ko-Lac") having a reputation "Capital Peanut Africa", Interesting Sufi-Tijania Mosque, made in Moroccan style, and the second largest in Africa (after Marrakesh) Closed Market. Near the city worth visiting the ruins of the capital of the Kingdom of the Salum with the famous baobab "Gui-Ndiuli" Not far from Cachon, battlefields of the Tanda Bar, Pat Beadian (there was a big battle between the colonists and the troops of the Kingdom of Salum), Pukescot (between the kingdoms of Mapa and Salum), Cachona, also Island Il-Mar Lodge with the houses of the characteristic local architecture , the ruins of the first capital of the Kingdom of Sin – Mbissel and another famous baobab growing in the cemetery of Fadial.
The proximity of the islands of Green Cape and the Canary Islands, where (in particular, on the island of Tenerife) five times a week airplanes of the Senegal State Airline fly, make Senegal to a convenient starting point for the study of Island Archipelago Eastern Atlantic.
Senegal coastal waters rich in fish. From May to November from all over the world, thousands of passionate fans of sports fishing come here to hunt for some blue marlin or catch the tuna spinning. Near all hotels (starting with four "stars") There is a fishing club with a mandatory speed boat and all necessary equipment, and can be fisted with any hotel guestroom.