Sands come to the Chinese land
Military trucks with difficulty dyeple wheels from the smallest white sand. Once there was a road here, and next to her a year ago a broken river. Now the huge fertile mountain valley in the northern province of Hebei, where the Chinese capital is located, does not exist – the sands stretch until the horizon.
Writing brotherhood was taken to the dying village of Lantootugo County Fannin at the invitation of the Beijing authorities to participate in the planting of trees in another, located near, not yet fully deserted valley, and at the same time to see with his own eyes, what danger threatens to some northern regions of China.
Spectacle depressing. Heavy sandy veragans fell on the roofs of houses of local residents. Under their severity, stone buildings can collapse at any moment. In the sand, non-colored donkeys and sheep roam, trying to find at least some green epics. Judging by conversations with peasants, before it was a blooming valley. Dunes came from the north, although where exactly, they, of course, do not know. In just one year, the prosperity of the local population was put an end. And funds to leave the native edges, he does not have.
Fannin, which is only 18 kilometers from Huizhou County, Administratively related to Beijing, now one of the districts, which is particularly strongly susceptible to sand-dust Buryam. The main reason is the excessive exploitation of land, intensive cutting down of the forest, the county authorities told us. County is located on the territory of almost 8.8 thousand square kilometers. According to experts, he is inferior to the sands of 220 square kilometers of land. In the desert, over 2.7 thousand square kilometers of land has already been turned into.
Desperate Efforts of LantoTugoow Peasants Stop Promotion of Sands Do not give tangible results: Powerful sandy-dust storms. However, working on gardening continues. It is impossible to calm it, because from here the straight path leads to a huge Miyun reservoir – the main source of drinking water for 12 million Beijing. In total, 100 thousand trees have already been planted in the fannin county, in the near future it is planned to take another and a half thousand hectares of land.
Martov rampage of sand-dusty elements showed that one landscaping does not stop. Sands continue slowly, but correctly move towards the Chinese capital. They are already 70 kilometers from the Central Beijing Square Tiananmen. Beijing trees have already died under the dunes. Even in a more or less prosperous district of Longboshan, where significant funds were invested in a landscaping campaign, only 20-30 percent of green plantings survived. By the way, this year in the area began the implementation of a new gardening project. However, judging by reports, Lunboshan peasants do not show special activity. According to the representative of the local authorities Wang Yunsyany, the case is not in the reluctance of workers to stop the advancement of the desert, but that "they are too poor to do this for free".
Currently, the province of Hebei, experts claim, became the most vulnerable to the dunes of the territory in North China – the sands are already occupied by 1.7 million hectares. They became the main source of powerful sandy-dust storms, which recently occasionally collapsed on Beijing. This, naturally, cannot but cause strong concern to the authorities: In 2008, the Chinese are held by the Olympic Games, the right to which they received in July last year in Moscow. What games can we talk about if the Beijing can be attacked by the clouds of sand and dust, which carries the wind by force of 7–8 points? The metropolitan administration promised that by 2005 with sand winds arising in Beijing and his districts due to the huge number of construction sites, it will be mainly finished.
First of all it is planned to increase forest areas around the Chinese capital, which is partially surrounded by low mountains. By 2005, in the mountainous terrain, the forest will be planted on the territory of 100 thousand hectares. Along the main roads, rivers and canals stretch green stripes. New Parks will be broken around Beijing on Square 12.5 thousand hectares.
According to environmentalists, these measures, of course, will not lead to the complete disappearance of sand-dust storms in Beijing, however, the emergence of the element will significantly decrease and can no longer have any noticeable influence on the city ecology. "We will do everything to reduce harm from sand-dust storms to a minimum", — Stressed Beijing mayor Liu Qi.
Rich Beijing may be able to some extent and to improve the environmental situation. However, he alone does not survive. The Chinese are in this report. Land desertification in the country continues, and the fight against this evil has already been announced "urgent task of state importance". Annually, according to the latest data, the sands in China are applied on average at a speed of 10.4 square kilometers. Currently, the PRC area of the desert is 2.67 million square kilometers – 27.9 percent of the entire territory of the country. Problems are available in almost all provinces, autonomous regions and cities of central subordination. With the highest speed, this process is in the autonomous area of Inner Mongolia in the North of China, in Tibet, Hebei Province, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Area. In particular, in this region there is a so-called Sea of Death – Takla Makan, which is the second largest in the world "drifting desert". Her sandy veragans are moving on the cultivated lands at a speed of 5-10 meters per year. General economic losses of the country from desertification reaches 54 billion yuan (about $ 7 billion).
The main reasons are the fairly fast propagation of sands, environmentalists consider not only natural factors, but also the economic activity of a person, in particular, "Eranny cattle breeding", As a result, the area with green vegetation is rapidly reduced. Wind erosion completes the case.
Specialists call on the authorities to ban "Excessive mastering of virgin", restore forest and herbal cover on parts of current arable land. China is trying to fight the sandy cataclysm, creating "Green belts" and applying modern technology in agriculture. But about the victory of a person over desertification in China, even a few years will speak early. Nature does not forgive many decades of negligent attitude towards her.
Chinese dust for Americans
Desertification of China – by no means his internal problem: the sand storms do not know the boundaries. The wind picks up the smallest particles of sand and together with ozone and toxic industrial emissions carries them through the Pacific Ocean to the West USA and Canada. In the US Environmental Protection Agency are alarmed by the fact that "Chinese export" It will prevent the established air purity standards in the states of Oregon, Washington and California. And not only there. Studies have shown that the wind comes dust and fog with stigma "Made in China" Already to Greenland.
For the sake of fairness I must say that, in addition to the tack of makan and other deserts of the PRC, the winds pick up sand and in Mongolian Gobi. "For the most part, I was able to see asian origin in a much greater degree than we could imagine, "Tom Caikhill notes, atmospheric research specialist of the University of California. — We live in a small world. We all breathe one air".
During a particularly strong dusty storm, which was raging in 1998, scientists of the University of Washington found that 75 percent air pollution had Chinese origin.
In addition to industrial emissions, the wind carries north America and particles of pesticides prohibited in the US and widely used in the PRC. So not only the sand of China, but also his agriculture threatens the health of Americans: harmful particles cause heart attacks, respiratory diseases, asthma, premature death.