San Miguel de Allende (San Miguel de Allende)
San Miguel de Allende (San Miguel de Allende) – City in the central part of Mexico, located 52 km from Guanajuato and 285 km from Mexico City. Population – more than 62,000 people (2006).
San Miguel de Allende has important historical significance: one of the leaders of the independence movement is born here – Ignacio Allend, and it was this city that the first in Mexico announced independence from Spain during the Mexican War.
The city is located in the picturesque hilly terrain, winding old streets are climbing up the hill, they fall down, giving him a special color.
The well-preserved historical center of the city is rich in the buildings of the colonial period of the 17-18 centuries, for which it was included in 2008 to the list of UNESCO World Heritage List.
San Miguel de Allenda is considered one of the most beautiful colonial cities in the central part of Mexico.
The city attracts a large number of foreign pensioners (Americans and Canadians), artists, writers and tourists, thanks to which the city’s economy is shifted from agriculture and industry to trade and tourist services.
Juan de San Miguel, Franciscan Priest, who became famous thanks to his work with the Indians, founded the city here and called him in honor of the saint, whose name was wary.
In 1555, the settlement turned into a provincial town, which was renamed San Miguel El Grande. In the colonial era, the rich owners of mines and lands from Guanajuato and Saktek settled here.
In 1769, Ignacio Alende was born here, which later headed the MEXICA independence movement along with Juan Aldama and Miguel Idalgo. In recognition of his merit, the city in 1826 was awarded the name of San Miguel de Allende.