SAMARKAND (SAMARKAND) – The second largest city of Uzbekistan, the center of the Samarkand region (Vilota). Population – 366,000 people (2007). In 2001, Samarkand was included by UNESCO to the World Heritage List.

Samarkand is one of the oldest cities in the world, founded about 700 to our era. Being the capital of the oldest state of Sogdian, was conquered by Alexander Macedonian in 329 BC. NS. (cm. Afrosiab).

Former city name – Marakanda.

More than two thousand years, the city was a key point on a great flock path.

Registan («Sandy place») – one of the most famous places of Samarkand. In the Middle Ages, served as the central square of the city. Currently, an architecturally decorated ensemble of three massive buildings – Madrasa:
– Ulugbek Madrasa – Western Structure 1417. About 100 students studied in it.
– Madrasa Tilla-Kari (Persian. "Gold-plated") – a central structure with a mosque of the same name in the territory, 1660 g.
– Madrasa Sherdor (PERS. "With tigers on the doors") – Eastern structure, 1636 g.

Morodishche Afrosiab – Historic city near Samarkand. Got a name in honor of its legendary Founder Afrosia.

The remains of the Olugbeck Observatory – One of the most significant observatory of the Middle Ages, built by Ulugbek on the Kuhac Hill in the vicinity of Samarkand.

Mausoleum Gur Emir – Mausoleum of the Asian Conqueror Tamerlane (also known as Timur).

Mosque Bibi Khanum – Architectural Monument 1399-1404., Grand Cathedral Mosque Tamerlane (Timura) (today in ruins), richly decorated with tiles, carved marble, painting; From complementary by Bibi Hanum Madrasa Mulk-Hagon, the corner of 8-graded Mausoleum with tight and painted decor was preserved.

Ensemble Mausoleum Shoi Zinda – The monument of medieval architecture consists of eleven mausoleums.

Museum of the emergence of Samarkanda – The museum is located near the ancient settlement Afrosia.

Mosque Hazrat Hizr – The structure was captured by Horde Genghis Hana. The mosque was renovated 19-20th centuries. It was built on an elevation when everywhere in the city near the monument to the ensemble of Mausoleev Shoikh Zinda, Siabsky Bazaar.

Mausoleum Khoja Donier – The great ensemble of ancient Samarkand, striking by his monumentality.

Observatory and Memorial Museum of Ulugbeck – Grandson of Timur, was a scientist, astronomer, thinker, mathematician and patron of art.

Mosque Hodya Ziemurod – Located near Registan Square.


Mausoleum Bibi Khanum – served, apparently, the tomb for women from the Timurid dynasty.

Ancient Business Center Chorsu – Huge building with hexagonal and six side squares.

Mausoleum Abu Mansur Matridium – Located Eastern Registan.

Mausoleum Handudo – By the nature of the embossed tile decorations around the laid northern door, some researchers dating this Mazar of the middle of the XIV century, others consider it to build Timur.

Mausoleum Aksarai – It is assumed that the mausoleum could serve as a family tomb for male descendants of the Sultan Abu-Said family.

Khoja Nisbatdor Mosque – Located in Square Registan.

Ishrathona – This building has a great artistic value.

Mosque Namazhokh – Located in the south of the modern city. Previously, the mosque was intended for festive prayers that were twice a year.


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