Salvador (Salvador), Sometimes called Salvador – Large city and port on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in the east of Brazil, the capital of Bahia. It is the third most densely populated Brazilian city, after São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Population – 2 676 606 people (2010).
Full title — San Salvador Da-Bahia di Todosh-Us-Santosh (são Salvador Da Bahia de Todos OS Santos).
The city is located on a small peninsula, a roughly triangular form, which separates the Bay of Todoz-Us Santos (TODOS OS SANTOS BAY) from the Atlantic Ocean, about 1635 km north of Rio de Janeiro and 1430 km north-east of Brazilia.
Salvador was founded on March 29, 1549 and is one of the oldest cities in South America. From 1549 to 1763 he was the first capital of the colonial Brazil and the first market of slaves on the continent (because of this today is the center of Afro-Brazilian culture and it is still called in the people «Negro Roman»).
The city of Salwador is famous for its Portuguese colonial architecture, with numerous historical monuments of 17-19 centuries, thanks to which since 1985, the UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered to be one of the most colorful cities of the country, where almost every street of the historic center is felt, the atmosphere of the old colonial Brazil.
Salvador is the largest cultural center of the region: the location of the world’s largest carnival (a whole week about 4 million. Participants are celebrated for 25 km of streets, prospectuses and squares), one of the historical centers of the Angolan Capoire – the traditional Brazilian dance, one of the most important aspects of the cultural heritage of Brazil, as well as the venue for numerous festivals.
No wonder they say: "If you want to know Brazil, come to Salvador"!
In Salvador and its surroundings, a total of about 80 km beaches.
There are beaches in calm bays, ideally suitable for swimming and diving, there are open oceanic with strong waves and excellent conditions for surfing, and there are natural pools (areas surrounded by coral reefs separating the ocean from the beach), ideal for children. For example, Praia da Barra.
One of the main beaches of Salvador – Praia da Barra Beach (Praia da Barra), located near the Lighthouse of the Fort of St. Anthony (Forte de Santo AntôNio Da Barra).
The entire coast of the city is a series of extended beaches, but some of them are not quite suitable for swimming (due to waves or rocky coast and TP) and is used mainly for walking, cycling and just for admire the ocean.
It is also worth a visit to a large nearby Isaparic Island (Itaparica), with very beautiful nature, historical buildings and beautiful beaches.
Salvador’s special note is a ledge (steep 50 meter slope), dividing the city into two parts: upper and lower.
Upper city, and first of all the historical district – Pelouryno (Pelourinho or «Pillory»), named after a column for a spanking, located on its central square, where African slaves received punishment for various violations, was the center of the city during the time of the Portuguese colonial period, the whole city lived here.
Today, Pelouyrino, located in the heart of the historic center of the city, is a big open-air museum, with magnificent churches, colonial buildings, museums, theaters, numerous shops and restaurants.
Nizhny city is located at sea level and is the place of residence of representatives of the poorest population. In this place there are many markets, shopping beds, port facilities, customs and a number of fortresses that protected the city from the attacks of Pirates from the sea.
To overcome the 50 meter difference between the upper and lower parts of the city, in 1873 it was built urban Lift Lasanda (Elevador Lacerda). Originally worked with two cabins, currently working with four, with a capacity of 32 people each (works around the clock).
San Francisco Church (São Francisco Church) – Franciscan Monastery and Church, erected in the first half of the 18th century. Located in the historical center of Salvador, is an excellent example of Portuguese colonial architecture and one of the most important historical monuments of the city.
Cathedral of Salvador (Cathedral of Salvador) – Former Jesuit City Temple, built in the second half of the 17th century, is now the residence of the archbishop of the city of Salvador.
20 kilometers north of the center is located Salvador International Airport named after Luisa Eduardo Magalyaines AEROPORTO INTERNACIONAL DE SALVADOR — Deputado Luís Eduardo MagalhãES).
Air Europa – Madrid (Spain)
American Airlines – Miami (USA)
Andes L&# 237; Neas aéReas – Buenos Aires (Argentina), charters
Avianca Brazil – Brazilia, Ileus, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador
Azul Brazilian Airlines – Belen, Belo Horizonte, Campinas, Curitiba, Florianopolis, Fortaleza, Ileus, Manaus, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro
Condor – Frankfurt (Germany)
Gol Airlines – Belen, Belo Horizonte, Brazilia, Buenos Aires (Argentina), Campinas, Fortaleza, Ileus, Maceio, Manaus, Natal, Porto-Allegru, Porto Segur, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo
Passaredo Linhas A&# 233; Reas – Brazilia, Fortaleza, Sao Paulo
Tam Airlines – Belo Horizonte, Brazilia, Buenos Aires (Argentina), Curitiba, Fortaleza, Foz Do Iguazu, Ileus, Maceio, Manaus, Natal, Porto Alegre, Porto Segur, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
TAP PORTUGAL – Lisbon (Portugal)
Trip Linhas A&# 233; Reas – Belen, Belo-Horizonte, Fernanda Di Noronarya, Ileus, Manaus, Natal, Recife
Webjet – Belo Horizonte, Brazilia, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo
XL Airways Francea – Paris (France), charters