Qingdao (Qingdao)

Qingdao (Qingdao) – City on the coast of the yellow sea in the east of China, located on Shandong Peninsula, 640 km south-east of Beijing. Population – 3,063,000 people (2010).

Qingdao is a major economic center and industrial development area of ​​high technologies, as well as one of the largest ports of the country and the popular seaside resort (mostly in the Chinese).

Cindao’s Cindao’s subordination times are one of the largest beer production centers in China (more than 15% of the total Chinese beer produce).

In addition to the above, Qingdao is considered one of the most beautiful and clean cities of the country, so that in 2008 entered the list of 7 most favorable cities for living in China.

Main Local Attractions – Sea Beaches with Small Yellow Sand, City Architecture (in particular Numerous German buildings in the historic center of the city) and park areas.

Archaeological finds indicate that people lived in the area of ​​modern Qingdao another 6000 years ago. During the Eastern Dynasty Zhou (770-256 BC. NS.) The city of Jimo was founded, then the second largest in Shandong. Further, the area is repeatedly mentioned in various sources.

In the 1890s, the Qing Dynasty decided to create a military fortification that protects against attacks from the sea. June 14, 1891 was founded by the city of Qingdao, however, the construction of it was progressing quite slow pace.

In 1897, the city in the territory of the Bay of Kiaucou (Jiaozhou Bay) on the concession was transferred to Germany. The pretext of the transmission was the so-called Incident Jue, when in 1897 two German missionaries were killed in East Shandong, and the German government put up an ultimatum by the emperor, demanding the protection of Christians.

The Germans turned Qingdao into a strategically important port managed by marine management, unlike other German colonies submitted to the management of colonies. The German imperial East Asian cruising squadron was based in Qingdao, conducting military operations across the Pacific Ocean. Since 1898, the third marine battalion has been based here.

The German government ran out streets and created a city plan existing and now. At that time, a brewery was built. German influence spread to the entire province of Shandong, in which many enterprises with German capital arose.

Before the beginning of the First World War, the German military fleet under the command of Admiral von Spea left Qingdao to reach Germany and avoid the danger of their blocking in the harbor by the naval forces of the Entente.

After the start of the war in 1914, the Japanese fleet with some participation of the British blocked Qingdao, but the city occupied Japan, who announced the war in Germany in accordance with the Anglo-Japanese Union. Japanese troops besieged Qingdao from October 31 to November 7, 1914. Following the war in the Prague Conference, it was decided to leave the captured territories in the province of Shandong Japan and not to transmit them to China, which caused, in turn, movement on May 4.

In 1922, the city was returned to the Republic of China and was subordinate to the Government directly in 1929. Japan again occupied Qingdao in 1938 during the territorial expansion along the Chinese coast.

After World War II, Kindao allowed the United States to use Qingdao as a base of the Western Pacific Fleet. However, on June 2, 1949, the city was engaged in communist troops and passed under the control of the People’s Republic of China.

Since 1984, China began to conduct an open policy towards foreign investment. As a result, Qingdao quite quickly turned into a modern port city.

Cindao is currently a large industrial and economic center, as well as a popular seaside resort.

Zhan Ziao (Zhan Qiao) – Famous Pier, Popular Tourist Place and One of Qingdao Symbols. The length of 440 m, was built in 1891 and became the first pier of Qingdao. At the end of the pier there is an octagonal pavilion with two cornices in the classic Chinese style, built in 1930. You can climb and inspect the Qingdao Watering.

Qingdao Brewery (Tsingtao Brewery) – China’s largest brewery, founded in 1903 German settlers and located east of the main port in the industrial part of the city. Brewery is open to tourists from 9 am to 5 pm. During the excursion you will get acquainted with the history of brewing and try beer.

Zhanshan Temple (Zhanshan Temple) – Acting Buddhist Temple, built in 1945. In the temple there is a large collection skillfully carved statues of Buddha and Buddhist sacred Scriptures.

Protestant Church (Protestant Church) – This Lutheran Church is located in the old part of the city. The temple was built in 1910. The bell is original and was brought from Germany specifically for the church.

Catholic Church (Catholic Church), also known as ST. Michael&# 39; s church – Popular tourist attraction. The church was built in 1934, and open to visits from Monday to Saturday 8-00 to 17-00, Sunday – from 12-00 to 17-00.

Qingdao Aquarium (Qingdao Aquarium) – This is one of the very first cyanariums in China, built in 1932. Thematically aquarium is divided into four zones: ocean inhabitants, inhabitants of rivers, underwater world and the theater, in which maritime animals are speaking several times a day.

Polar Ocean World (POLAR OCEAN WORLD) – Aquarium with the polar animal world, including polar bears and penguins, as well as China Belugu.

Music Square – One of the biggest thematic areas in China. It has a soft sculpture of the Music Sail, and next to the piano. The area is like an open music book, the pages of which are stored passages of famous musical works.

Badaguan (Ba Da Guan) – One of the main tourist sites Qingdao, the former German quarter. Consists of 8 streets, along which classic European homes are located. The atmosphere of this area is fundamentally different from the atmosphere of large cities in China, here are wide streets, poorly and very European.

Almost any day in this quarter you can see dozens of newlyweds, which are photographed along the Badaguan coastline and at its green plantings.

Qingdao City Museum (Qingdao Municipal Museum) – Here you can find exhibitions of works of art, from ancient China, to the present day, calligraphy, porcelain. The museum is open from Thursday to Sunday. Opening hours from April to September 9-00 to 17-30, from October to March from 9-00 to 16-30 hours.

Qingdao TV Tower (Qingdao TV Tower) – Tower height 232 meters. On a high-speed elevator, visitors fall on an open visor area, offering a fantastic view of the city. Opening hours from November to March from 9-00 to 19-00 hours, from April to October from 8-30 to 21-30 hours.

Olympic Yacht Center (Qingdao Olympic Sailing Center) – During the summer Olympic Games of 2008, Sailboat competitions were held in Qingdao, especially for these events in the city, this center was erected, which is now a popular place to visit the guests of the city.

Climate in Qingdao – Moderate, monsoon, with four seasons.

Winter – cold and windy, but, as a rule, dry, the average temperature of January -0.5…+2 °C.

Summer is usually roast and wet (rains are not uncommon, especially July-August), but very hot days are rare, in the middle of August + 25 … + 28 ° C.

The most pleasant time to visit Qingdao – Autumn and Spring.

Urban transport Qingdao – Buses and taxi.

Currently, the city is built in the city. By 2016, it is planned to build a plot with a length of 54.7 km in the central part of Qingdao. The total length of the eight planned lines will be 231.5 km.

In early 2011, the construction of a bridge was completed, a length of 42.5 km connecting Qingdao with a suburban area of ​​Huangdao, through Jiaozhou Bay.

Aviation transport

Top Air Gate Qingdao – Qingdao Liuting International Airport, located about 22 km from the city center.

Here you can fly from any major city of the country, including from Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenyana and Shenzhen.

International flights fly to Qingdao Airport:

Air China – from Seoul (South Korea)

All Nippon Airways – from Tokyo and Osaka (Japan)

Qingdao (Qingdao)

Korean Air – from Seoul and Busan (South Korea)

Shandong Airlines – from Seoul and Pusan ​​(South Korea)

Transasia – AIRWAYS from Taipei (Taiwan)

Uni Air – from Taipei (Taiwan)

Railway transport

Qingdao Railway Station is the final station, as the city is on the peninsula, surrounded by the sea. Was reconstructed to the 2008 Olympics, as in
Qingdao also passed some competitions.

From here there are high-speed trains in Beijing, travel time from 4 hours 20 minutes to 5 hours 30 minutes (depending on the train), as well as ordinary trains (6-9 hours).

There is also high-speed trains to Shanghai, travel time from 6 hours 25 minutes to 7 hours (depending on the train), as well as ordinary trains (14-19 hours).

Tianjin – more than 10 trains a day, on the way from 4-5 to 10 hours.

Jinan – more than 20 trains a day, on the way from 2:30 to 4-5 hours.

Nanjing – four trains a day, on the way 5: 00-5: 30.

Harbin – one direct train a day, on the way 28 hours.

Xian – three straight trains a day, on the way 21-23 hours.

Guangzhou – one direct train a day, on the way 29 hours.

Guilin – one direct train per day, on the way 39 hours.

Nanning – one direct train a day, on the way 46 hours.

Chengdu – one direct train a day, on the way 40.5 hours.

Water transport

From the international port of Qingdao, from where in addition to domestic shipping, international – in South Korea and Japan.

Park Ksyao Qingdao (Xiao Qingdao Park)
Or Little Qingdao Island (Little Qingdao Island) – Small green island connected with mainland pier. Previously, the island was used for military purposes, now in tourist. On the island there is a lighthouse, built in 1900 by the Germans. The park is open for visiting every day from 7-00 to 18-30 hours.

Lu Xun Park
– extends to a kilometer along the coast of Qingdao and covers an area of ​​more than 40,000 square meters. The park was broken in 1929 and for a long time was called Primorsky. Renamed it only in 1950 in honor of the outstanding Chinese writer Lu-Xane.

Tsayushan Park (Xiaoyushan Park)
– Located on a hill of 60 meters high. The park was discovered relatively recently, in 1983. On its territory you can find three viewing pavilion, which offer a beautiful view of the coast.

Qingdao (Qingdao)

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