Pyramids of the ancient kingdom of Egypt
Tourists visiting the sights of Egypt and sunbathe on the beaches of Alexandria and the Krasnomoral resorts of ARE, often do not know that the overwhelming majority of the current population of the country has nothing to do with the construction of great pyramids Giza, the city of the Dead Luxor and other "pearls" of antiquity. Today, most Egyptians of the 90 millionth state are the descendants of the Arab conquerors who came to Egypt in the early Middle Ages. Real descendants of the ancient builders of the pyramids, Copts, are 8-9% of the population and confess Christianity. A slightly changed Ancient Egyptian language in everyday life gave way to Arabic only in the XVII century, but to this day it is used by believers as the official language of the Coptic Orthodox Church and worship. But this, in fact, is not a mystery, but only a prelude to secrets and mysteries that hides the history of Egypt, one of the most mysterious countries of the ancient world.
Secrets of the pyramids of Heops
Having visited the Cairo Museum, many tourists immediately go to the Great Pyramids of Giza, located near the Egyptian capital. Pyramid Houf, better known as Heops Pyramid, the main decoration of the Giza complex, which melts more questions than answers. It seems that the great long-lasting long-lasting past (the pyramid was built for more than twenty years) was investigated by scientists along and across, and tourists polished each stone with their own hands, if they could not drain him as an Egyptian souvenir on a historic homeland.
In fact, it is not. All new and new riddles, an amazing pyramid asked scientists every few months. A variety of corridors and voids are known to which archaeologists have not yet been able to get. With the help of a robot relatively recently in the northern mine, emptiness was found at the end of the so-called "ventilation channel", and for Ventkanal it is unknown where the leading stone door. The pyramid itself is relatively recently (in 1954) underground funeral temple and seven Pharaoh boats disassembled to pieces. The main boat made of 1224 wooden elements was made of cedar without a single nail.
Currently, a large-scale scientific study of the pyramid of Hufu and other monuments of ancient Egypt with thermal scanning, radiography, aerial photographing, infrared thermography, 3D reconstruction, muon radiography and molecular spectroscopy. Moreover, in the near future, the greatest monument of antiquity will be explored using cosmic rays through artificial satellites. Scientists have already found unknown secret chambers and mysterious emptiness in the eastern part of the wall.
Perhaps the latest research will help to prove or disprove one of the many theories and solve a couple of full mystery buildings. So, a number of Egyptologists consider the pyramid of Heops by the meeting of the standards of measures, scales and time. The scientists of the men found in the construction of the longitude of the year immortalized in stone, the density and length of the circumference of the globe, the average value of the orbit of our planet during its rotation around the Sun, the speed of light, the acceleration of gravity and many other mathematical and astronomical values. Mathematical PI and other constants. Many supporters of the theory, according to which the pyramid is a kind of astronomical (and at the same time by agricultural and cult) calendar or the astronomical observatory. The number of theories reaches many hundreds, and the point in the history of funerals of secrets of the Great Pyramid is far from.
Secrets Pyramids Hefren and Micheryina
The second largest pyramid Giza, the pyramid of Hefren, attracts less attention to scientists. Despite the gigantic sizes of the structure, inside it is quite compact and modest. Rooms, corridors, "ventilation channels" and other voids constitute only one hundred percent design. But this construction, the only one who preserved a significant part of the original surface cladding, has its secrets. It is still reliably unknown, whether the features of the Sphinx face features Hefren, as a number of researchers believe. By the way, a large Sphinx stands near the pyramid. Historians still failed to explain why during the construction of the interiors of the tomb was not used granite, widely used during the construction of other pyramids and ritual and cult facilities. From granite only sarcophag pharaoh is made. in which instead of the mummy ruler, archaeologists have discovered. bones bull. This mystery is still not disclosed. There is only an assumption that the king’s body in incomprehensible while the reason was transported by the sea to another place, but the ship with mummy was crashed and sank presumably off the coast of Carthage.
The most "modest" height of the pyramids of Giza, the Pyramid of Mikherina, has an "immodest" name "Cher", "High". The builders of modernity are still surprised how much the huge mysterious construction was built into this mysterious construction in 200+ tons. Many Egyptian pyramids include multi-torque stone blocks in their design, but as ancient builders applied to hundreds of tons, and still not very clear. It is a considerable interest and a colossal statue of a sitting king in the central hall of the clock temple complex.
Dakhshur and Sakkara
Many riddles hide necropolis Dakhshur and Saccar. Dakhshur – the southernmost complex near the ancient Memphis. It is best preserved pink and broken pyramid Snowfra. Pink pyramid is more like her "sisters" from Giza. Broken – largely unique. She has an unusual form, "wrong" angles of inclination, there is a second entrance from the west side (unique for similar designs). In addition, the relative and mutual location of the objects of the burial complex, and placement inside the design of absolutely not connected with each other.
In the Sakcar necropolis, the most interesting is the amazing stepped Pyramid of Josher, the oldest stone building of the world with a unique vertical mine, composed of granite sleepers by Sarcophag, and an unusual dome. Relatively recently near the bottom stage of the pyramid Archaeologists found a stroke into a tomb with alabastra sarcophag. Despite the fact that since the construction of the architectural masterpieces of Sakkars in the underground tomb, no one appeared. The sarcophagus turned out to be empty.
Ancient pyramids still make more mysteries than answers, and science still have to surprise humanity with amazing finds, bold hypothesis. and new riddles of the history of ancient Egypt.