City Pushkin, The name of the Great our poet, for his rich history managed to visit the village twice: at the beginning of the Tsarsky, and after the 1917 revolution and until 1937 – children’s.
Today, he is part of the Pushkinsky district of the city of the federal significance of St. Petersburg and constitutes an important part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, which includes all palace and park ensembles in the historical suburbs of the Northern Capital.
The city is one of the main tourist centers of our entire country and the beloved holiday destination Petersburgers and guests of the cultural capital.
Pushkin’s own population is about 100 thousand people and, in fact, it is one of the sleeping areas of St. Petersburg, because many residents ride every day to work and study in the neighboring megalopolis.
The former name of the city, the royal village, the whole reflects his spirit as a former main suburban residence of the reigning monarch and members of the imperial surname. State Museum Reserve «Tsarskoye Selo» It includes the entire historical part of the city, perfectly restored after the destruction of the times of the Great Patriotic War.
Historical name of the city – The royal village, did not happen from the title of our kings, and from the name of the Swedish estate of Saari, which later became Saari, Sahar, and then the royal village later.
After joining these lands to Russia during the Northern War, Peter presented the Mode, Menshikov first, and then Catherine I, and this moment is considered the date of the founding of the city – June 24, 1710. From the very first years, the design and construction of the palace and park ensemble began, subsequently the name of Catherine.
The Imperial Residence of the Tsarskoye village was the Board of Elizabeth Petrovna, at the same time the first palace was rebuilt on the Range project. Here from the Winter Palace was reared Amber Room.
In honor of the success of the army in the our-Turkish wars, the Sophia Cathedral was built – Reduced copy of Constantinople. At the end of the XVIII century, the Alexander Palace and the park was built under the leadership of the Emperor Alexander I also under the leadership of Italian architecture. In 1808, the royal village receives the status of the city.
In the XIX century, the city acted in the city, a Tsarsko Seli, where Pushkin studied and many prominent figures of that era. In 1837, the royal village and the capital of the Empire connected the first railway in Russia.
Three years later, the famous Catherine Cathedral opened. By the end of the century, the royal village became the first in Europe completely electrified city, received his own telephone network. The Alexander Palace was the main residence for the last our emperor Nicholas II, here under house arrest contained members of his family.
After the revolution, the city was renamed twice, all cultural monuments are nationalized. In the course of the Great Patriotic War, Pushkin suffered a lot from the occupiers, the restoration of individual objects continues until now.
Restal from the ruins of temples and palace-park ensembles, as well as unique treasures of European culture, and today amazing the imagination of thousands of tourists.
Pushkin’s climate is almost entirely coincided with the climate of St. Petersburg, part of which he is actually. The city is characterized by a wet moderate climate, which is explained by the proximity to the coast of the Gulf of Finland.
Cloudy weather is a visiting card of the Northern Capital, a short summer with a minimum amount of hot days, the winter is continuous, with frequent thaws and unstable snow cover, especially in the past few years.
Spring and autumn in the city are delayed for a long time, at this time the weather in the city is especially changeable. Not rare here and rather strong winds, but to a lesser extent than directly in St. Petersburg.
The best time for visiting Pushkin is the summer period, when the warm weather can be added to the warm weather and a greater duration of the daylight – Famous white nights when evening twilight replaced by morning, and tourists can walk all night and enjoy the beauty of architectural monuments.
In January-February, strong frosts often come to the city, when the temperature drops to minus 15-20 degrees and below, and the longitude of the day is only 6-7 hours. However, some attractions of the royal village in the winter entourage, like more than the summer.
In the Museum-Reserve «Tsarskoye Selo» Pass two main palace-park ensemble – Catherine and Alexandrovsky, currently under reconstruction.
Big Catherine Palace is one of the most recognizable attractions in the world of Russia. It is distinguished by a stunningly beautiful architectural solution and rich interiors, among which the recreated amber room includes.
North Flegene Palace occupies a Museum of the Tsarskoil Lyceum. In the adjacent Catherine Park there is a large number of pavilions, galleries and other historical buildings.
The Alexandrovsky Palace is made in a classic style with an abundance of columns. It is adjacent to the same park with a lake. In the Alexander Park, there are also many pavilions, among which are especially allocated «Arsenal» and «White Tower», as well as the Chinese village.
Also worth paying attention to the Babelovsky Palace and the largest park surrounding it, with an area of 270 hectares. Urban attractions include a spare palace, where the palace of wedding, a seating courtyard, a Kochubyia Hospital and the Railway Station building, the project of which was noted by the Stalinist Prize at the time.
How to get to Pushkin
The vast majority of our and foreign tourists arrive in the city through St. Petersburg. Arriving at the airport «Pulkovo» Or on the Perron railway stations of the Northern Capital, you will find yourself in close proximity to Pushkin.
Further way to the city can be done with the help of urban public transport, suburban electric trays or taxi services.
Railway transport connects Pushkin with the Vitebsk Stop of St. Petersburg, which is located at the metro station «Pushkinskaya». Recall that the railway between St. Petersburg and the Tsarist Selo is the oldest in Russia.
Electric trains run in the direction of the station «Tsarskoye Village – Pushkin» And back from the morning and until late in the evening with an interval of 15-20 minutes. Time on the way is just over 30 minutes. Directly to the palaces you can sleep almost on any bus or minibus.
Also on the train from the Baltic station (subway «Baltiyskaya») You can get to the railway station «Aleksandrovskaya», Located in close proximity to the palace and park ensembles of Pushkin.
From her you can travel by bus or minibus just a couple of stops and you will find yourself in place. Travel time to the platform «Aleksandrovskaya» takes 25-30 minutes. Please note that not all train stops at this station – Specify information from Cashier!
Alternative option – can be reached by city bus or route taxi from metro stations «Moscow», «Kupchino» and some others in the southern part of the city. Unlike trains, in this case, the risk of losing a lot of time in traffic jams, which are not rare here, especially in peak hours.
Similarly and with a taxi, but in the case of tourists arriving at the airport, then order the car is often the best option. Also possible on the railway station «Kupchino» sit in train from Vitebsk station.