Pula (Pula)

Pula (Pula) – A large vintage port city on the southwest coast of Istria Peninsula in Croatia, located 6 km from the regional airport eponymed. Population – 62,080 people (2006).

Pula is one of the oldest and one of the most interesting from the historical point of view of cities on the Istria Peninsula. The rich history has greatly influenced urban architecture and culture.

Monuments of ancient Roman architecture are perfectly preserved in the city, perhaps the most famous of which is Arena Amphitheater (Pula Arena), built in the first century of our era and occupies the 6th place among such structures in the world.

In the architecture of the pool contacts many, it would seem that no compatible things – the ancient Roman buildings coexist here with industrial landscapes and one of the largest Croatian shipyards «Ulyannik», And typical socialist buildings with centuries-old strokes built up medieval buildings and churches.

In general, in the pool there is something to look at tourists, but, at the same time, it is difficult to call it a cute and pretty resort town, it’s rather a big and a little cold city.

It is believed that the pool was founded by the ancient Greeks, thus becoming one of the first Greek colonies in the north of the Adriatic. In the first century BC, the city was ruled by the Roman Empire, who estimated his important strategic position. With it, the pool became the largest and most important city on the Istria Peninsula.

Numerous attractions of the Roman period, preserved in the pool to our time, well illustrate its power and importance in that era.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, at the end of the 4th century, the pool was under the rule of the German tribes (Langobard, Ostrivota, Frank) and the Byzantine Empire, and in 1150 he jumped into loyalty to the Venice Republic, which belonged almost all the time (with the exception of some periods), up to its fall in 1797.

In the time of the Venice Republic, the city often turned out to be on the front line of the wars, which she led with Genoa and Habsburg for the domination of the Adriatic. As a result of these wars, the city was destroyed several times.

After the fall of the Venice Republic, the pool was under the authority of the Austrian Habsburgs, then under the authority of the French and after the end of the wars with Napoleon in 1813 he again moved to Austria.

In 1920, after World War I, the pool, together with all Istria, moved to Italy, and in 1943 after its surrender was occupied by German troops.

In 1947, he became part of Yugoslavia, and a significant part of the numerous Italian population of the city left the pool.

After the collapse of the Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991, the pool became part of today’s independent Croatia.

Beaches in a pool resort area – Mostly rocky plateau or concreted platforms with an equipped inlet in the sea. There are also pebble, but not much.

In the area of ‚Äč‚Äčnearby Medulin (there are more hotels here), the beaches are also pebble-stone.

There are also some small nudist beaches.




Old Roman Amphitheater (Pula Arena)
– was built in the 1st century of our era, preserved quite well and occupies the 6th place in the world among such structures.

The size of the axes of the amphitheater ellipse are 132.45 and 105.10 m, and the external walls have a height of 32.45 m.

Pula (Pula) 1

Amphitheater accompanied 23 thousand spectators and was one of the largest in the Roman Empire. The main entertainment of the audience was gladiatorial battles and wild animal injury.

At present, large concerts and other cultural events are currently held in the Amphitheater.




Forum (Pulski Forum)
– The main square in the center of the pool, located on the site of the Ancient Roman forum, which served as the place of public life of the city, built in the 1st century BC.

In Roman times, he was surrounded by temples of Jupiter, Juno and Minerves.

Today, the magnificent building of the temple of Augustus is located on the square (

2 century BC.E), decorated with high and powerful Corinthian columns, as well as the hall of the municipality, built in the 13th century (with its construction parts of the old temple) were used).




Arch of the Sergiii (Arch of the Sergii)
or Golden Gate – A small ancient Roman triumphal arch, built around 27-29 years before our era, in honor of the victory in the battle in the excise. Was erected in honor of the three members of the ancient Rod Sergiev, who fought on the side of Octavian August and won the opponent.




Castel Fortress (KAštel)
– It was built in the 17th century, located on the top of the hill, from where it opens a good view of the old town. Today it houses the historical museum.

Pula International Airport (ZRA&# 269; Na Luka Pula) – Located 6 km from the center of the Pula and is the main air gate of the entire Croatian Istria.

Numerous seasonal charter flights from Russia, Ukraine and many other European countries are performed here.

Pula (Pula) 1

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