Prague on the weekend – Independent route on the capital of the Czech Republic
I offer an independent route along the capital of the Czech Republic for the weekend: how to see all the main sights, interesting and unusual places. Prague for the weekend is, of course very quickly. It is better to highlight at least a week for this city, but most interesting you will see.
You need to inspect a historic center in an area called Prague-1.
There are all the main attractions. I advise you first stroll through the streets of Prague, and only then choose museums that I would like to visit. So you will have a more holistic idea of the city. To make it easier to get acquainted with the city, you can use the services of one of the local guides.
Find Interesting excursions in Prague can be on the site Tripster.Ru.
Look, there are interesting options, for example: "All Prague in the day" or "Romantic flight for two above Prague at sunset ».
Independent route by Prague for weekends
We are in Prague on the weekend, in stock all two days .
On the first day: Walk through Prague. On the second day I suggest walking on museums. As it, you will learn from the second part: Top 10 Prague Museums
Day 1 – External inspection
We start acquaintance with the capital of the Czech Republic with the tower "Powder gate" (She is powder tower) on the Republic Square. The gate was conceived as traveling inside the old city (now the historic region of Prague) v 15 century. As long as they were built, they disappeared into them.
King of the Czech Republic Vladislav II due to the unstable political situation in the country was very worried about his security. He chose his residence fortress Prague degree, and the relevance of the construction of towers (13 pieces planned) and the walls around the old town disappeared. The tower remained unfinished.
Modern view of the tower received in 1886 During reconstruction. In her appearance introduced neotic elements to be combined with the Old Tower of Karlov Bridge.
Height of the powder tower 65 meters. On high 44 meters Located SMotor Playground, On which you can climb 186 steps of a narrow screw staircase.
Mode of operation:
- From March to October: 10:00 – 20:00
- From November to February: 10:00 – 18:00
- From April to September: 10:00 – 22:00
Entrance ticket &# 8212; 100 Czech Kron.
We pass through the powder gate and go to the side of the historic center of Prague.
We are no longer just going on some street there – the Royal Way began from the gate of the Powder Tower – the road that Czech kings went to coronation. Nowadays it Carette Street. In different centuries, this route differed a little, due to the fact that Prague developed and built – new streets appeared.
The first ruler who was driving to the coronation of the royal way was Albrecht II in 1438, the last – Ferdinand I kind in 1836.
To the right of the tower adjoins Public house – The main concert hall of Prague.
In a straight line redeem the angle of the streets of Tyn and Cabestat. On the right side there is Museum ChocolateA, do not delay there much, we still have a lot of things in the program.
Old Town Square
After a couple of tens of meters from the museum you will go on Old Town Square – the main square of the old city.
First of all look around. On the right there is a massive monument – a monument to Jan Gusu. And if you go straight, go out to Prague Quarartians. But about them later.
The most notable structure that can be seen from the square – Temple of the Virgin Mary before the tint.
Tyn – the name of the trading area in the 11th century. Nowadays, this is the territory behind the Tyn Temple, if you look from the square.
Church of St. Nicholas
Even if you are in Prague only for the weekend, it is worth entering the church of St. Nicholas, she is the church of St. Michaula (to the right of the monument to Jan Gus).
Often the information is found that Nikolai II has been presented to the chandelier, but it is not. Lastra Emperor presented in honor of the 12th anniversary of his son of the Grand Duke Nikolai Alexandrovich (do not confuse with Nikolai II).
our trail in Prague
An interesting story is connected with this temple and Russia. In 1870, the our Orthodox Church rented this temple for Orthodox Prague. Before that the building was empty. In 1814, the First World War began, and all the parishioners in the very center of the city began to pray for the victory of the unites, that is, our. The Czech Republic in those years was part of Austria-Hungary, that is, in fact, Orthodox prayed for the victory of the enemy. In short, the situation turned out uncomfortable. The local government returned the temple into Catholicism, and the entire Orthodox church confiscated. There was only a chandelier.
After the collapse of Austria-Hungary, periodic Orthodox worships recovered. Until now, in the Church of St. Nicholas, there are large Orthodox holidays (even the procession for Easter happens), despite the fact that now it is the main temple of the Gusitsky Church.
Catholic church of St. Yakuba
This church is very close to the Old Town Square: Malá Štupartská, Praha 1. Ploy there is worth not only because it is one of the largest, old and beautiful churches of Prague. Many legends are connected with this church.
In the XVI-XVII centuries, the church was already rebuilt from Gothic to Renaissance. In those days, the marble statue of the Virgin Mary was established in the Cathedral, which the parishioners carried expensive gifts. In one of the nights to the church, the famous then Prague thief, who decided to assign a necklace brought by the Mother of God. And only he took him as a statue grabbed her hand for his hand, and so hard that neither he himself nor the next morning ministers could free her. The hand had to cut off, in the edification of everything she hangs over the entrance to the church so far.
Another interesting (even unique) facility at the Old Town Square – Prague Quarants. They should be included in their route by Prague on the weekend. They are installed on the Tower of the City Hall in 1410 (for another version in 1490) year. Then they were repeatedly finalized – various elements were made in them.
By legend, the clock created a master named Ganush. &# 171; grateful&# 187; Prague authorities blinded by the masters so that he could not repeat such a watch anywhere. Ganush all my life Tail insult and, being already in old age, was able to break the mechanism of hours.
Legend has nothing to do with reality. Prague Couragents made a team of masters: Watchmaker from Copenhagen – Mikulas, Astronomer Jan Schindler and Master Yang Ganush. Mikulash, unlike his legendary colleague, received a real award – whole home.
Chimes are unusual in that every hour various shapes associated with the mechanism show a whole view.
Two windows open at the top, and from there in turn looks like various religious characters. At this time, the skeleton from the outside turns over the hourglass and the movement of the head calls for itself. Other figures on the clock gestures show that they do not want to go anywhere with him.
Figures at the bottom of the clock from left to right: a tradesman, archangel, astronomer and chronicler.
Wait for the next hour, it is worth seeing.
Understand, What the watch shows, not easy.
Their dial is divided into 24 sectors, and not at 12, as we used. The blue part of the dial is a bright day of day, black – dark, and orange – it’s morning and evening. Against the background of the circle of a large dial rotates another one – smaller. It shows the signs of the zodiac and the position of heavenly shining in the sky. To determine their position by the hour, you need to look relative to the center of the small circle. Luminous will be on arrows.
Prague chimes from the 15th century, and then people believed that the Earth is the center of the Universe, and all the heavenly bodies rotate around it. The clock is made on the basis of these considerations.
Standing face to the clock, turn left and go further, towards small square. We go straight and then along the winding Karlova street moving towards Karlova Bridge. After a couple of Zakolekov you will see the right Prague Clementium.
In the Middle Ages, there was a chapel of the Saint Clement, hence the name.
Initially, it was a complex belonging to the Order of the Jesuites of the Roman Catholic Church. Nowadays, here is the National Library of the Czech Republic.
You can get inside 250 kroons. Every 30 minutes, local guides collect excursions. In our, there are no excursions. Duration &# 8212; about 45 minutes.
- From January to March: 10:00 – 16:00
- From April to October: 10:00 – 20:00
- From November to December: 10: 00-18: 00
The Charles Bridge
The Charles Bridge &# 8212; Mandatory place in our route &# 171; Prague for weekends&# 187; The bridge is named after Karl IV Luxembourgsky – King of Germany, Czech Republic and Emperor of the Sacred Roman Empire (there was such a state education in the Middle Ages, do not confuse with the Roman Empire).
Bridge connects the shores of the Vltava River. His length 520 meters, width 9.5 meters. The bridge is on 16 bulls, the spans between which are made in the form of an archer. Bridge discovered in 1380 On the site of Yuditinov Bridge, which washed the flood.
Yuditins Most In turn, built as much as in 1172. His remnants still can be seen at the base of the support on which the Old Tower is standing (Tower at the Bridge from the Old Town side).
The Charles Bridge begins and ends with a tower. To the right of the closest to us the tower stands the monument to the same Karl IV. For his back Museum of Karlova Brosta and church of St. Francesca.
Square in front of the monument, at the very beginning Karlova bridge is called Crusader’s Square. In the Middle Ages, she was an island, but gradually built on and risen to the shore.
Square Crusadsev &# 8212; One of the smallest squares of Prague, but at the same time one of the most visited.
On the opposite bank of Vltava Charles Bridge ends, and the Moscow street begins.
Charles Bridge over its entire length decorated with statues. All their thirty. All of them depict religious characters or figures. Some depict whole events. When you go on the bridge, you will see everything. All sculptures are replaced with copies – the originals are too valuable to stand out on the street. All of them are transferred to the National Museum in exhibit.
This is the biggest castle in the world.
Prague Castle is a fortress (or castle), despite the fact that it does not look like a medieval castle. The heart of Prague Castle – the Cathedral of St. Vita (about it is slightly lower). Located Prague Castle on a high hill on the left bank of Vltava.
In addition, this is the operating residence of the President of the Czech Republic, and this The biggest presidential residence in the world. It is protected by 600 guards – a separate military formation. Every hour here is going Changing of the Guard.
At noon, the guard is changing under the sounds of the orchestra. You can look at the shift of Karaul in three places: at the entrance to the first and in the second courtyard, as well as the Black Tower.
This means that if you study Prague dear in detail, then it needs to be allocated for it. But we have an independent excursion "Prague for the weekend", so we will not linger here for a long time. However, you can spend the second day to explore this place.
Prague County consists of three large courtyards.
For tourists there is everything: cafes, souvenirs, museums, excursions. However, it must be remembered that this is the center of the Czech Republic, and the prices here are relevant.
St. Vitus Cathedral
The heart of Prague can be called the magnificent Cathedral of St. Vita.
The Catholic Temple built in the Gothic style amazes not only with dimensions, but also in detailed thread. It is in this cathedral that the regalia is kept for the coronation of the Czech kings, which are buried here.
Royal Regalia are symbols of the power of Czech monarchs: Scepter, Power and Coronation Sword, as well as the Crown of St. Waclav.
This is the fourth older crown in Europe. It was made to the coronation of Karl Luxembourg in 1345. This crown was a mandatory attribute on coronation.
See royal regalia not easy. For general ferris, they are exhibited only during the election of the President of the Czech Republic, or for special cases.
The foundation of the cathedral was laid in 925, but Construction began only in 1344.
The church gradually rebuilt from the Church-Rotonda to Basilica and then to the Cathedral. Due to the fact that the construction of the cathedral was raised by different epochs, different architects made something unique to the temple, but at the same time the temple looks very harmonious. Construction of the cathedral ended only in 1929.
That is, SEvor built 6th centuries – long-term recordsman.
Inside the temple Pay attention to the ribbed arch and three-hole space, which is symbolically divided into earth and heavenly. On the balcony, which stretches throughout the perimeter of the temple, depicts the founders and the first builders of the Cathedral, Kings and Queen of the Czech Republic, Archbishops. Unlikely you miss the magnificent stained glass windows depicting the life of saints.
St. Vitus Cathedral Located in the third courtyard of the city complex Prague Castle. Find it easy, as the spiers of the temple is visible from everywhere.
Old Royal Palace
So the route is coming to the end and the first day of our attempt to explore Prague for the weekend. Today it remains to study only one landmark – Old Royal Palace.
Palace has a long history: construction began in 1135 at Prince Kosculava I, who ordered to build a palace as "in other Romanesque cities". Subsequent princes and kings have repeatedly rebuilt and completed their residence, so today it is a beautiful building in itself traces of all architectural styles. Be sure to visit the Vladislav Hall, in the Seiman Hall, climb the stairs of the riders.
daily from 9:00 to 17:00 (from April to October) and Up to 16: 00 (from November to March).
- 140 kroons – the exposition "History of Prague Castle" (on the first floor of the palace);
- 250 CZK – a sightseeing tour of the palace (ticket "Prague de Grad – Circle B");
- 350 CZK – Sightseeing tour of the Palace + Exposition (Ticket "Prague Grad – Circle A").
This old street is located at the fortress wall of Prague Castle. You can include it on your route by Prague for weekends.
Small, brightly colored houses squeezed into the arch of the fortress wall. Initially, the chasokers in gold and jewelers lived here, then other artisans settled. They even say that there were also alchemists here.
Until the Second World War, Zlata Rylka was residential. Franz Kafka lived here in one of the houses.
Zlata Ruchka is open daily from 9:00 to 17:00 (from April to October) and until 16:00 (from November to March).
- 250 CZK (integrated ticket "Prague Circle – Circle B")
- 350 CZK (integrated ticket "Prague Circle – Circle A")
Link to the page of the Virtual Tour of Children Ring: 360Globe.net.
The modern quarter of Josephs wears his name from the second half of the XIX century, before that, he was called the Jewish city. And this quarter is located within walking distance of the Old Town Square.
From the XIII century, Prague Jews lived here as in ghetto.
It is worth a visit to the Staronian Synagogue, built in the XIII century, Claus Synagogue, the Jewish cemetery, which is located here from the XIV century. In a quarter, a lot of interesting things, including a few more synagogues, but if for a day you are scheduled for some more museums, it is better to concentrate on those objects that I called you.
from 9:00 to 16:30 (winter time) and until 18:00 (summer time).
Tickets to Museums and Synagogues Quarta can be bought at the Jewish Museum At: U Staré Školy 1 Prague 1.
- Jewish Museum – 300 CZK.
- Staronian Synagogue – 200 CZK.
- The old Jewish cemetery is 330 kroons (included in a single ticket for the Jewish quarter), 70 crowns stands the photograph in the cemetery, on Saturdays cemetery closed.
- Input ticket to all objects of the Jewish Museum – 480 CZK.
Prague on the weekend is fast, but very bright acquaintance with the city. I turned on the route on the capital of the Czech Republic the most iconic and famous places. Even in two days you will see the beauty of Prague and the main sights.
Useful tips and tricks in travel
To save on airline tickets:
Find a cheap flight using Aviasales. He is looking for tickets from airlines around the world.
Instructions how to buy tickets to the Internet Read here
How to save at the hotel:
Book a hotel, hostel or apartment on Booking.Com – This is the most convenient and popular tool. We have on our site selections of interesting housing.
And here – Instructions for airbnb
Do not forget insurance:
Travel insurance is needed in case of disease, injuries, and theft. Authors of the DOROGI-NE-DOROGI site.Ru never travel without insurance. To search for insurance companies, we use the service Cherehapa.Ru
Optical guide and an interesting excursion:
Use Tripter – They have the largest selection of unusual excursions worldwide.