Poshekhonye — City in the north of the Yaroslavl region, the administrative center of the Poshekhonsky district. Nearest cities — Rybinsk (70 km), Danilov (70 km) and Gryazovets of the Vologda Region (77 km). Population — 5867 people. Square Pereshonya — Almost 8 kV.km, 2.5 of which are occupied by water resources.
The city stands on the shores of the Rybinsky reservoir created in the middle of the 20th century. His flooded led to the expansion of local rivers and the need to build new bridges, today they are seven here. Five rivers flow through the city — Petromka, fellow, shelsh, Soga and Trinity Creek, so many very beautiful here «Water» Landscapes.
Also, Poshekhonye is known thanks to works M. E. Saltykova-Shchedrin «Poshekhonsky stories» and «Poshekhonskaya Starina».
The main characters of these books were eccentrics — The image is collective and the inhabitants of the Poshekhon region have nothing to do, as the writer has never even been here. However, bright literary images «Poshechonians» cause interest in local residents and tourists.
History of Poshechonya
Name «Poshekhonye» Comes from the traditional locality name located along the Shekhona River (one of the names of Sheksna).
In the middle of the XVI century, the Poshekhonsky county was formed here, the center of which was the White village (now located within the borders of the Vologda region).
At the same time, the adrian monk and the novice, the elder Leonid, come from Vologda, with the aim of establishing in the deaf pastry forests.
This appeared Adrianov Assumption Monastery, who played an important role in the history of. It was the insidency belonged to the village of Perrtoma, named because it was located on the banks of the Peraska River, which in 1777 by Decree Catherine II was transformed into the city of Poshekhonye, his emblem was also approved later.
In those years, the city was famous for gold fishery: they did the finest sheets of gravity gold and silver. In general, the crafts in Poshekhoni developed very actively: worked forge, mill, tailoring, shoe and bakery production and even a candle-wax plant.
In the middle of the XIX century there were 3 churches in the city, 406 houses and 65 shops.
After the October Revolution, the city was renamed Water-Volodarsk in memory of the deceased revolutionary figure in. Volodarsky.
It becomes the center of the Great Agricultural Area. Here appear fish, flax goods and oil plant, and Poshekhonsky cheese becomes a well-known country.
In 1941, a Rybinsk reservoir was flooded, the water came up directly to the city center, some areas were flooded at all.
At the same time, Pouchonier received a direct waterway to Moscow and St. Petersburg, which resulted in an increase in cargo turnover and the growth of tourist flow.
In 1992, the city was returned by the historical name of Poshekhonye. Today it employs a bakery, a flax building, a sewing factory, as well as several recreation databases.
In addition, it develops as a tourist center under the brand «City of five rivers and seven bridges».
Poshekhonye is incredibly beautiful thanks to a large number of water resources forming a unique urban landscape.
Especially picturesque Place of merger of rivers Sogi, Sogs and Perask, This is one of the most recognizable panoramas of the city, which is sometimes called «Northern Venice».
River coogby has long been famous for its spring bottles on a lot of miles. Today, in the lower flow, it is flooded with a Rybinsky reservoir, and in the middle upper shores of the river are tightly populated.
Terraces shange in the upper course — Favorite place of rest both locals and tourists from other cities.
One more remarkable local river — Soga. It is famous for a sharply changing course of the flow: at first it is relatively calm, then powerful with a multitude of focate, and closer to the wool it becomes smooth, and the river bed expands to 250-300 meters. Soga — favorite place for boat alloys.
With such a number of rivers in the city in Poshekhonye Residence Water It looks very logical. It is located in the local children’s library, where the waters lady welcomes guests together with girlfriends, frogs and kimikors.
For visitors, interactive programs are prepared here, after which everyone is treated.
In the neighborhood there is another interesting object — Toptygin House.
He is dedicated to, as it is easy to guess, the bear, the symbol of the Yaroslavl region and the owner of local forests. Museum guests will tell a lot of interesting facts about Toptygin, they will show a real Berlogue, and when ordering an interactive program will even offer to treat honey from the deck.
Two kilometers from Peshonya in the village of Yasnaya Polyana is another interesting museum — Rus Sovetskaya. Here are the attributes of the Pioneering Childhood: Horn, Drum, School Uniform, and even a real machine gun with carbonated water.
As interactive programs, guests are invited to participate in the solemn ceremony of admission to pioneers and pour at a meeting of the collective farm board.
We can get acquainted with the history of the edge in Poshekhon Museum of Local Lore. It has several exposures: vegetable and animal world, city life, crafts and crafts, flax processing.
In total, there are more than 5,000 exhibits in the museum, it is located in the building of the former Zemstvo hospital, built more than a century ago.
Place of attraction of tourists — Central Freedom Square (Before the revolution, Basarnaya was called). From her, five streets diverged from her: Rybinskaya, Danilovskaya, Yaroslavl, Lyubimskaya and Mologkov, who led to the relevant cities.
On the square in Soviet times a monument was established in. AND. Lenin, which is noteworthy, of pink granite.
At the Square of Freedom attract attention Trading rows, Built at the beginning of the XIX century.
Two buildings from three were preserved to this day: in one of them traded products, in another — haberdashery products. Currently, numerous shops are located in trading orders.
Around the area of freedom, you can see many preserved houses of the XIX century. Among them, a fire depot, a police station, but the most striking example of the architecture of that time can be called House of merchants Shalava.
This is a two-story building with a turret, today there is a bank. Next door is the three-story building of the hotel, which also belonged to this merchant family.
But the architectural dominant area is definitely Trinity Cathedral, Built at the beginning of the XVIII century, in the time of the village of Pertrate. This is the oldest stone building, preserved in the city. Next to him is the bell tower, erected a hundred years later.
It can be climbed to see the height. Views from here open amazing.
Another monument to cult architecture — Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin in white and pink tones, which was built at the beginning of the XIX century as cemetery.
Two throne in the church, as well as a small meewee and bell tower. In Soviet times, the temple was closed, at the end of the 20th century he was transferred to believers and restored.
Approximately five kilometers from Peshonya on the Danilov road in Adrianova Sloboda is the famous Holy Assumption Adrianov Monastery. Initially, all the buildings in it were wooden, but after a big fire he was rebuilt in stone.
In Soviet times, the monastery was closed, the buildings were badly injured. At the beginning of the XXI century, he was transferred to believers, currently a spiritual life is being revived.
Poshekhonye is located in the zone of moderately continental climate, which is characterized by pronounced weather seasons, frosty and snowy winter and warm rainy summer. Winds predominantly southern and southwestern. The average annual amount of precipitation — About 600 mm. The coldest month — January with an average temperature -9°WITH.
The warmer month — July, when the average temperature reaches +18°With, and the average daily — +23°WITH. The most precipitation falls in August, so you can recommend the summer months in Poshekhonye, June and July, when warm weather was already installed, and the amount of precipitation is not so high.
How to get to Pierce
From Moscow to Peshechony, it is more convenient to get on a personal car. Distance — About 400 kilometers, travel time — more than 6 hours.
There are two ways from the capital to the north of the Yaroslavl region: through Kalyazin and Uglich and through Yaroslavl and Danilov. The first way is shorter, but the second is better the road, so the time on the way will be approximately the same in both cases.
Also before Peshonya can be reached by flight bus. Regular routes associate the city with Yaroslavl, Rybinsky, Cherepovets, Vologda and St. Petersburg.