"Please observe the Islamic clothing!"
From the history in the 20th century, the Shahs of the Pehlev dynasty stubbornly turned Iran into a secular state, oriented to the West, and later on the United States of America. In 1979, an Islamic revolution occurred under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, who radically changed the whole way of life of Iranians. Now Iran is officially not focused on any of the countries ("East and West – our enemies"). Ayatollah Homeney, who died in 1986, is still holy honorable by all Iranians. Its portraits are decorated cities and villages, offices of all public and private institutions, and often at home Iranians. In her fetishist attitude towards leaders, they are very similar to us for the previous, guardian heroes.
A woman is an oriental to get into the Muslim country, which he studied for five years, is considered great luck. During this time, at the Eastern Faculty, we, few students, have time to instill love for the country studying, its history, culture, language, as well as people inhabiting it. But this is all the theory, which, of course, I want to reinforce practice. Despite the lack of official prohibitions and restrictions, a woman is quite difficult to get a visa to Iran, if it is not married or tries "penetrate" Unaccompanied her husband. Make formalities behind and we go. international Airport "Mehrabad" In Tehran, he meets a polite warning: "ladies and gentlemen! Conapproppreneable please observe the Islamic clothing. thanks!"
After the revolution, Ayatollah Homeney asked women not to appear in public places in secular clothing, and return to the traditional Islamic: Manto (cloak), a handkerchief or McNaEE (handkerchief with rounded and cross-cooked ends), hijab (wide, spacious cape worn over) and knee socks. All this in the Shiite tradition is usually black, the colors of martyr on the martyrs died from the hands of enemies to the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad.
Fashion on dresses, costumes, skirts and blouses in Iran practically do not exist, they still hide under the manot and hijab. Mod logs are not printed, import is prohibited. It is interesting to watch the fashion on the manto. Material, color, style are constantly changing. This year the hit of the season – the manot of the original stylish casual, from the special fabric of Italian production, into a large longitudinal strip, two- or tricolor. Cost of Stamps "top" – 250-400 dollars. Manto is two species – very long, to the fifth, and shorter, slightly below the knee. Short worn (necessarily with trousers) mostly girls and girls. The relationship of the Iranian themselves to traditional clothes is different, some fanatically configured Iranks consider even a blessing – they say, the husband will never look at any other anymore.
I was able to live on the shore of the Persian Gulf, in which sin was not swimming, so I would like to affect the topic "Islamic fashion" on bathing clothes. Naturally, swimsuits in our understanding there are no. Swimming clothes for women – scarf, long shirt, fully closing hands, and harslers or leggings. A older ladies right in the hijab sit on a shallow water with a circle and begin to seek about this. They never swim, most likely, just do not know how. Men bathed out of them, but their bathing suit is also kind. Forbidden topic – underwear. HA doors of shops selling women’s lines, necessarily hanging an ad that men can only come with their wives. So manifests the care of the chastity of men.
Despite the existent opinion that multrugs are common in the East, in Iran, as a rule, the wife is alone. Indeed, the Muslim Sharia is allowed to have several wives, but it is obliged to provide all wives equal conditions in marriage, including the amount of attention paid to the attention allocated for money and provided individual housing. For marriage, man needs to collect a round sum of money. It can only be possible for thirty – forty years. But sometimes marriage in the mutual agreement of families who are not able to pay the so-called Mahr, when the guy marries the girl, provided that her brother will take a sister of the groom in his wife. The relationship between a man and a woman in public places is strictly regulated. It is customary to go on hand, in some way to express your feelings. The usual phenomenon when the husband goes ahead of light or with a child, and the wife carries heavy bags. Special attitude at Iranians to children. If the child is crying, then the father will certainly be calmed, the mother tries not to interfere. Ayatollah Khomeini, who has been only one wife for a long time, somehow, even before the revolution, the provocative issue of Western journalists about polygamy in the future of the Islamic state replied that he had one wife, and he believes that this is enough. And the covenants of Homeney are trying to follow.
Working woman in Iran, rather, an exception to the rules than the usual phenomenon, although the country is actively promoted by equality and women’s participation in the socio-economic life of the country are welcomed. Nevertheless, the married Iranian prefer not to work and do the economy.
There are restrictions on the use of cosmetics. You will never see the working Iranian with ancillable lips, the largest – suspended antimony. Has streets can be found and very painted Iranian. The right to use cosmetics Iranian women wanted themselves relatively recently. Two years ago, Iranian Majlis (Parliament) officially accepted a decision allowing women to use, in reasonable limits, cosmetics in public places.
For women and men in a mosque, airport, city bus and t.D. There are different inputs. At the entrance to the airport building, a woman falls first in a small room, where Iranki serving airports sit and check the appearance. May indicate the inconsistency of clothes, or ask to adjust the knocked bang, or remove the extra, in their opinion, makeup. When landing in the plane of women inspect more carefully than men. Apparently, a woman is a potential terrorist. In special cabins, they don’t even touch the head under the scarf, not to mention other parts of the body. In the eleven millionth Tehran, there is still no electric transport – neither trams, nor trolleybuses, nor metro. Buses are usually divided into two halves with a metal partition, for women there is an input only through the back door. Trading over Tehran by bus, you begin to understand what a great advantage. Ahead, on male half, – a terrible crush, and women almost all sit.
Iranian’s prosperity, or rather, her husband is determined by the number of gold jewelry worn on it. Especially Iranian women are not indifferent to gold bracelets, which are two species and, accordingly, Persian are called differently: with a fastener without it. Bracelets without a fastener must tightly clasp the wrist. They are having difficulty, and therefore it uses a special dressing technology using a nylon stocking. At the same time, the seller, always a man, putting on the bracelet, sticks to a female handle through a special piece of matter, since he is forbidden to touch "naked" Woman’s skin.
Free time, the city-stop holds not only in the family circle. There are many women’s clubs, with simulators, jacuzzi, saunas, pools and massages. Often clubs are mixed – a few days a week only for women, the rest – only for men. A completely different situation in the province. For example, with abundance of men’s hairdressers, it is absolutely impossible to find women’s. Only on the posts you can see ads that the haircut should be contacted to Khanum (traditional polite appeal to the woman in the east) of such a living there. But men are all like one, combed and native!
Iranian women are actively engaged in professional sports. But, unfortunately, their achievements are not available to men’s eyes. Competitions are held in closed rooms, they are not broadcast on television, men on them in no way have the right to attend. The judges are women. In sports news programs, only the opening and closing of women’s competitions usually show. But the winners are very proud!
Iranian women also have a special female day. The holiday is timed to the birthday of Fatima, the only daughter of the Prophet Muhammad, Mother Hassan and Hussein, Shiite Martyrs who died for the banner of Islam. Such holidays are carried out very organized. All women of the enterprise or microdistrict are invited, together with daughters. The evening opens schoolgirls, reading the sera decent from the Quran about Fatima. Reports on the heroic life of the daughter of Muhammad. By the way, it is impossible to shoot Islamic clothes on the holiday. The invited to spread various sweets, cool drinks and Hamburgers in Iranian (instead of a round bun, a thin long loaf is used, rushed with all sorts of things). Complete quiz on the topic, winners get prizes. The presence of men is strictly prohibited, but in the festive concert program they can participate. In addition, as a rule, they are aligned with the Honorary Mission to entertain the public throughout the evening by showing funny scenes, jokes, jokes. Musicians are traditionally invited. Honor songs are very incendiary, but not accepted dancing, you can only clap your hands and sing.
Attitude in the provinces to foreigners, and especially to foreigners, peculiar. Blonde and blue-eyed people Iranians call white-skinned. Very often, Iranca show them their children as something outstanding, saying: "Look what beautiful!" Iranians invite you constantly, but more in words, the authorities of communication with foreigners are not encouraged. For a year and a half I had a chance to visit only two times.
The first time it was the owners focused on the European type of behavior. Usually type of clothing for women guests dictates mistress. How much does it keep the Islamic form of clothing, so much and guests should follow it. This time the hostess met us without a handkerchief and without a manto. She was dressed very European, even defiant: mini skirt and short-sleeved blouse. So it is allowed to walk only in the presence of a husband, father and brothers. Treated us in European at the table. Usually pistachios and fruits are first supplied (cucumber is also considered a fruit). Then she serves tea with cakes and other oriental sweets. Has dessert offer ice cream in the cream.
The second time I visited people who hold traditional lifestyles. Although we came strictly at the appointed time, the hostess was in the kitchen and prepared food. Has It was wearing a salted manto, probably intended for cooking in the presence of outsiders. So I had to follow the rules. Hy Manto, I did not remove the handkerchief. Once on the carpet, on the detachable tablecloth, men were placed a treat, the hostess retired. She returned to guests already without a manto, in an elegant, handmade scarf, blouse and a long skirt. This meant that I could also remove the manto, but stay in a scarf. Traditional food – salads, rice with something: kebab, kebab from meat, fish or chicken. By the way, the pilaf in our understanding they are prepared very rarely and call it Istanbulsky. Furniture in guests to receive guests in Iranian homes practically no: TV, sofa, coffee table, all the rest of the space is occupied by carpets, more often regardless of the welfare of the owners – handmade, which no one hangs on the walls. Ate we, as you guessed, sitting on the carpet. It’s very tired with unusual, but my husband likes, he brought a similar carpet to Russia and always threatens to cover the following guests "Eastern", on the carpet, with pilaf, but without alcohol.