Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania)

Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh) is a major city located in Pennsylvania in Northeast US. Allegory River, current from the northeast, and the Monongahela River (Monongahela River), current from the south-east, are found on the hilly territory of Allegian Highlands (The Allegheny Plateau) and dragging together, form the Ohio River. It is on this picturesque place and the city of Pittsburgh.

The population of Pittsburgh according to 2013 data is 305 thousand people. Like many large cities of America, Pittsburgh survived the migration of the population in the suburbs. The city lost almost half of its population from his heyday. For 2009, Pittsburgh was the 61st city in the US in the number of residents, while Pittsburgh was 8th by 1910. The population of the city itself within the city feature continues to decrease. Nevertheless, Pittsburgh is a more densely populated city (2,176.1 / kV.km) than five of the 10 largest cities in the US. The main reason is that the population of the city does not increase is the fact that the geographical boundaries of the city have practically not changed since the actual use of the gentle transport. At the same time, such cities like San Diego, Phoenix, Houston continue to annex the suburbs and experience the rapid growth of the population.

Pittsburgh fairly compact city. Square of the city 151 square kilometer. According to statistics, the middle city from the dozens of the largest cities of the United States is 6 times superior to Pittsburgh in size. However, like most USA’s major cities, Pittsburgh forms a city agglomeration located in the territories of Western Pennsylvania. In total, B «Big Pittsburgh» Lives more than 2.3 million people. If you drop the dry figures of statistics, then you can say about Pittsburgh that it is a big American city. Its center is relatively small in order to easily go from one end to another. You can see everything you expect from the Big City, but the charm and individuality of a typical small town are not lost. About Pittsburgh can safely say that it «The largest small town of America» .

Being a large industrial center, Pittsburgh experienced a lot of economic and social problems since the 1970s, when the recession of the steel industry began. Being once «Steel city» (The Steel City), Pittsburgh, faced with stopping production, dismissal and environmental issues, managed to rebuild the economy and do not fall into depression, like other neighboring industrial cities, like Detroit or Cleveland. Today, the city’s economy is largely based on health care, education, finance, tourism and technological production. The largest employer of the region (48 thousand people) – University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC).

Statistical data for 2013

  • White – 65.9%
  • African Americans – 23.5%
  • Asians – 4.7%
  • Mixed races – 2.8%
  • Latinos – 2.7%
  • Indians – 0.1%

The main ethnic groups of the White Population: Germans 16%, Irish 13%, Italians 11%, Poles 6% and British 4%. In Pittsburgh, one of the largest Italian communities in the country is concentrated, also in the city of the fifth largest Ukrainian community of the country.

Income and accommodation for 2013

  • Average income per capita – $ 28176
  • Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania)
  • The average cost of the house – $ 95700
  • The average rental cost of housing – $ 802
  • Unemployment (June 2014) – 6.0%
  • Ranking cost of life – 95.4 (100 – average for the USA)

According to statistics, 22.7% of the population have low incomes and live below the poverty line. At the same time, Pittsburgh regularly falls on high positions in the lists of cities that are most suitable for life. It is a relatively low cost of living in the city, a moderate crime rate and developed conditions for leisure.

Residents of Pittsburgh are proud of their sports teams. Pittsburgh Penguins Hockey Club is a three-time NHL winner, football club (NFL) Pittsburgh Steelers – six-time winner of the Super Bowl. Another popular city team is baseball Pittsburgh Pirates. All these teams play their spacious arons located in the central part of the city.

Pittsburgh International Airport International Airport (Pittsburgh International Airport) fall into the city center through the Fort Pitt tunnel, laid in Washington Mountain, and the Fort Pitt Bridge Bridge. It can be said that the city has a natural entrance.

As already noted, Pittsburgh is located on the spot of the merger of the two rivers of Alleginee and Monongala. Together, they form the Ohio River. The city center forms together with the rivers in the form of an arrow – the famous Pittsburgh «Golden Triangle». Downtown of the city is small in size, but very memorable. Modern skyscrapers from glass and concrete are organically combined with the old buildings of the 19th century. In the city center of 9 buildings have a height above 150 meters. The largest skyscraper – u.S. Steel Tower (256 meters).

Landscape complement bridges, solid and impressive. In total, within the city itself there are 445 bridges. It is believed that only in Hamburg and Venice their number more. One of the popular nicknames of the city «City of Bridges» The City of Bridgees).

In the western part of the Downstown, the Point State Park is located on the Arrow itself or simply «The Point». The park is broken on the place of the ruins of the Fort Dukeen (Fort Duquesne), replaced by subsequent Pitt subsequently (Fort Pitt). It is from these military buildings that the modern history of Pittsburgh began. Now in the park is the Fort Pitt Museum. The arrow is a pleasant place to relax, it is here for the celebrations a festive fireworks are arranged.

The golden triangle is the central part of the city, in relation to it allocate other 4 main parts: North Side (North Side), South Side (South Side Hills), East (East End) and Western (West End).

Next door to the central part of the city along the Allegor River there is a Strip District area, named so because of its form in the form of a narrow strip. Previously, this area was filled with numerous factories and warehouses, the products produced went on ships to other cities. Over time, the district has become the Economic Center of Pittsburgh. Today, most manufacturers left Strip District, and the area was filled with many shops, restaurants, bars, and nightclubs.

The northern part of the city (North Side) mainly consists of residential areas. This is a home for attractions such as Heinz Field and PNC Park Stadiums, Carnegie Science Center, National Aviary, Mattress Factory Museum, Penn Brewery Brewery and Allegless Observatory (Allegheny Observatory).

Previously, the southern part of the city (South Side) consisted of areas with inexpensive accommodation for workers, but now it is one of the favorite places for residents of the city. South of Downstauun is located «South coast» (South Shore) – Pittsburgh District, lying on the banks of the Moniongeala River between West End Bridge and Liberty Bridge Bridge. Despite the fact that South Shore is predominantly industrial area, it is one of the favorite places for tourists. More than 3 million guests of the city are visited annually by Station Square – the main attraction is not only the southern shore, but also the city. Station Square is a large territory of the station square with old railway buildings, warehouses and waiting rooms. Adapted to current realities, Station Square is a multifunction zone with 70 shops, restaurants, nightclubs, entertainment and concert venues. Station Square Popular Place not only among tourists, but also locals. Immediately there are a river pier, stopping the urban railway, known as «T» (The T), and many parking lots, so that Stayshn Skuer often becomes the center of festivals and solemn events.

Note that Pittsburgh is a city through which the impressive «water» Traffic and east and west. So, for tourists, river excursions and cruises on the courts Gateway Clipper Fleet, based in Pittsburgh.

Very near Station Square is the oldest, current in the USA, Monongahela Incline funicular. The rise on it will take about a minute, however, a wonderful view of the downtown from the height of the hill is to buy a ticket. Less than 1.5 km to the West along South Shore features another historical feature torquesne incline. In any case, any tourist having time with the help of a funicular or simply on the car is obliged to get to the top of the hill and discover a really stunning view of the city.

East Carson Street – One of the central streets of South Side is considered the center of trade and nightlife of the city. It houses a large multidisciplinary complex Southside Works, in which there are many shops, bars and restaurants.

Oakland (Oakland) is located in the eastern part of the city – Culture, Academic and Medical Center Pittsburgh. In Pennsylvania, only Downtown Philadelphia and Pittsburgh himself produce more economic and social activity. Auckland is a student town, a house for several universities, medical centers and museums.

An architectural landmark of Auckland can be considered a chapel Heinz Memorial Chapel, a stunning high-rise building «Temple of study» (Cathedral of Learning), Museum-Memorial Solidiers and Sailors National Military Museum and Memorial. The most important museums of Pittsburgh are also located in Auckland – this is the Museum of the Natural History of Carnegie (Carnegie Museum of Natural History) and Carnegie Museum of Arts (Carnegie Museum of Art). Near the museums is the Botanical Garden of Pittsburgh.

Also in the eastern part of the city (East End) in Highland Park (Highland Park) Located Pittsburgh Zoo. The zoo occupies an impressive territory, it contains more than 4,000 animals. In addition, it is one of the few major US zoos, which built aquarium.

The climate in Pittsburgh is characterized as moderately continental. 4 times of the year clearly differ, with approximately equal distribution of precipitation between the seasons. Due to its location on the windward side of the mountains, more precipitation falls in Pittsburgh than in cities located on to the west. Summer in Pittsburgh Roast and wet, Middle Temperature July 22.6. Cool and snowy winter, average January -2.8. Autumn and spring in the city are relatively soft and warm.

Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania)

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