"Pioneer – the example of the guys", the well-known Soviet school, strictly speaking, did not make sense – the pioneers were with the rare exceptions of all the guys of the Soviet Union, who completed three grade of high school. Pioneer in the Soviet speech everyday life – Synonym for a child. To join the pioneers were preparing at school. Teach an oath. Got acquainted with the laws of a pioneer organization. Read "ABC of Pioneer Life" – Popular Statement of Pioneer Concepts. After the solemn attachment, the pioneer received the right to wear a tie and ride in pioneer camps. Pioneerland – the most popular kind of children’s look at the USSR. Parents to take their children in the summer, sent off the siblings to the camp for one, two, and then three shifts. Country pioneer camp (existed and urban) – the most important school of life for the Soviet child. Here first kissed, tried smoking, learned to play guitar.
At the time when a photo was taken, the beds often stood on bare earth – the boarded floor was only the beddown between the bedroom seats. In the cold, children were allowed to sleep on two in the same bed
Since the beginning of the 1920s, pioneer camps begin to appear throughout the Soviet Union. Most of them – with schools, trade unions, enterprises. There were all-union, the first among them – the famous "Artek". Vouchers in the camp were issued to parents at the place of work. Dining room, club, bedroom buildings, administrative building, sports grounds – all pioneer camps were more or less similar. Arriving to the camp, the children were divided into squads depending on age. The suitcases brought with them were handed over to the storage chamber. Each detachment is your housing. At the time when the photo was made (1951), the beds often stood on bare earth – the boarded floor was not only between the bedroom seats. In the cold, children were allowed to sleep on two in the same bed. At night, hiding from the counselors, walked older pioneers. The topic of night disobedience – whole layer of pioneer culture. Remember at least the "royal" night before the end of the shift, when the sleeping flashed toothpaste. Happy – Building, amateur, excursions and collective herbs. The magazine "Department" gave the pioneer in the supervision of tips than to take pioneers: from catching butterflies Sacred to aircraft.
Youth newspapers and magazines threw letters: "Does we have to wear a tie?"(Editor’s response:" Be sure ")," Is it possible to combine a pioneer tie with the usual?"(" Can not ")," Is it possible to select a tie in smoking pioneer?" ("Depends on a situation")
Red Tie – the most important pioneer attribute. Pioneers were prescribed to wear ties in 1922, in the year of creating an organization. The release of the heads in the first years could not be established. The young communists had to make their ties from the girlfriend, the maternal brazers often walked into the move (one brazer turned into two tie). The ties of the factory production were valued more homemade. Strict rules of wearing a pioneer tie did not exist until the 1940s. Youth newspapers and magazines threw letters: "Does we have to wear a tie?"(Editor’s response:" Be sure ")," Is it possible to combine a pioneer tie with the usual?"(" Can not ")," Is it possible to select a tie in smoking pioneer?"(" By Situation ") and T. D.
Tie – Required and sufficient sign belonging to a pioneer organization. For the tie pioneers-heroes killed fists and brought partisans. On the task, the pioneer intelligence wore a red handkerchief secretly in his pocket. The glorious pioneer of Gena Schukin from the story of the same name removed the tie only in one case – if he felt some kind of guilt.
In the post-war years, the attitude towards the tie is becoming calmer. Children at lunch randomly popping his ends in soup. On ties after changing in the camp, children and counselo leave each other posts for memory. Stovett stakes Stepana Schitchava "How to say a tie, take care of him, / After all, he with the Red Banner of the Color of one" pioneers are converted to different ways: "Do not be shy, drunkard, your nose, / After all, he with our design of one", "how to say the tie , Take care of him / After all, he with the flag of Denmark the color of one ".
Life in the pioneer camp submitted to the signals of Horn. In the morning – the rise, breakfast, then dinner, dinner, hugging. In exceptional cases – anxiety. Any significant event in the life of the camp had its musical expression. Each signal had its own "literary" decoding with the same rhythmic pattern: "Take a spoon, take bread, get on for lunch," "Get up, get up, open the eye, and wear pants, and let’s get up, get up!»From alterations:" Lifting, lift! Who sleeps, that will kill! Who lies – that hang! Who runs – that awake! Lifting, lift!"
All camp signals fit in four notes that can make a mountain. Playing this simple tool were trained in special circles at pioneers houses. When taking a circle asked to catch a rhythm and lay the song. In the summer after the end of the courses, the town could begin with his duties. Gorny – representative of the camp elite. Boys-musicians wore a pioneer shape – a white shirt, a tie, a cap and shorts, while most of the pioneers were limited to a tie, put on top of school uniform.
During the solemn passages and buildings, the cityist stood on the right, next to the drummer. Under the drum fraction raised the flag, the battle of the drum accompanied the pioneers in the tourist campaigns. Drummers were also taught in pioneers houses, and they also enjoyed particular respect among the camp public.
Gave, usually porridge. From drinks – coffee with milk (children often tried coffee for the first time). Sometimes eggs were served to breakfast. Some eggs turned out to be rotten – they could be replaced
Children’s problems held the Soviet leadership. Recall at least a society of pure plates, established if you believe Bonch Bruevich, personally Lenin. Problems really existed. Before the war – the crowd of the streets, the starving Volga region, hunger 1932. After the war, although there was no hunger, it was not possible to feed the children of the fear of. Pioneer camp provided children regular four-frame food.
In the morning, after lifting, charging and toilet, Mountain convened children for breakfast. Tables to the arrival of pioneers were already covered. Gave, usually porridge. From drinks – coffee with milk (children often tried coffee for the first time). Sometimes eggs were served to breakfast. Some eggs turned out to be rotten – they could be replaced. To dinner (soup and hot) in the order of recovery sometimes gave a spoonful of fish fat. Such a measure did not meet an understanding among children – could have been doing. Fruits and sweets gave afternoon. But the main source of sweets is not a dining room, and parents, from time to time, visiting offspring. Parental caramel shared with friends, thereby won popular among pioneers. An example of a lung dinner: a cottage cheese, bread with oil and tea (refinement in the menu: with sugar or candy).
Children did not let. Duty cleaned potatoes in the fresh air, and dishes soap on the river. Visible for children hints on a stormy kitchen life – Couples, clouds, licked from the windows, and the figure of the prick. Often unstarab, full of life Woman in a white coat served as a facilities for the personnel of Pioneerland. Gandalovsky: "A live pioneer worked at the fence, / quenching manually love for the cook" and "The kids slept. Fizorg fixed Silomer. / The cook dreamed in the arms of the Zagokhoz ".
Pioneermen, managers of detachments in Pionerolergers were recruited from Komsomol members. As a rule, these were students who were in the pioneering camps on the summer part-time. The counselor was supposed to follow the order in the camp, cook with children of artistic amateur numbers, lead mugs. Among the duties also – replenishment of a living corner with new exhibits. Under the leadership of the prickly, children caught heroes and proteins for camp animals. A separate story – tracking of smokers (one of the commandments of pioneerism reads: "Smoking pioneer is not a pioneer").
Department – a kind of priest of a pioneer cult. "It will teach you to tale a red tie and give salute, walk in the ranks and assemble on the chain. He will lead you to the plant and in the forest, on the river and in the field. He will sing "Wear the fires. ", And you catch. And he will learn from him not yet one pioneer song, "says" ABC of Pioneer Life ", allowance for third-graders entering the Pioneer Organization. Often the counselor – the main connoisseur and keeper of the camp folklore: stories about pioneers-heroes, horror stories, songs, legends. From the latter – the legend of the "broken heart": the pioneerly attached to his squad so much that, when none of his wards came to the place of the annual meeting, he could not stand it and he died.