Mystery of a green stick, or a trip to a clear clearing

Moving two white turrets at the entrance to the estate, the guests of the family nest of the Tolstoy family fall on the "Predpekt". It was so Lion Nikolayevich called this non-smoke road framed by slender birch. "Mahai" their branches, as the count wrote in his diaries, he remembered him from childhood. On the left side of the alley is the apple orchard. Landing updated, but there are both trees who remember the lion of fat and even fruit!

It is the main alley of a clear clearing and served as a prototype of the road with snow in the house of Bolkonsky.

Returning from long-distance trips (or just evenings), Lev Nikolayevich so loved to walk here, which was not able to part with a cute "Prelbek" and in his most important work – the Roman-Epopea "War and Peace". "Deep snow, your clay. I already walked along the prefect, "the servant Tikhon reports the old prince Bolkonsky, awaiting guests. It is the main alley of a clear clearing and served as a prototype of the road with snow in the house of Bolkonsky.

"The passion of the mind and passion of the heart"

© Archive Museum-Manor L. N. Tolstoy "Clear Polyana"

Such a poetic name in the house of Tolstoy wore his office, a bedroom or a living room, but only … Hallway. The households of the writer called it so not by chance. Two biggest love of Lev Nikolayevich was combined here: books (three cabinets out of 30 in the whole house) – for the mind and hunting – for the heart, which reflected hanging on the wall of deer horns. True, in 60 years from the last passion, Tolstoy refused, becoming a vegetarian.

"Lazy Image"

Already at the time when Tolstoy lived in a clear glade, in the living room on the second floor there were pictures. Their miracle managed to preserve to this day: during the Great Patriotic War, more than 40,000 things from the estate managed to evacuate. On the most extreme right, the picture next to the bust of Tolstoy is depicted by his wife Sofya Andreevna: In the portrait, the woman seems calm and impoverished. But it was this image that contradicted Nikolayevich’s spouse in nature, who was an energetic and active woman. Sofya Andreevna nicknamed the portrait of the Lazy Image.

I posted almost daily, and the portrait, started fine, serun then spoiled. Yes, and he is a pose of me, alive, cheerful, gave some kind of not peculiar to me, collapsed

Since then, this picture of Valentina Serov’s brush in the family has been called. "Lev Nikolaevich ordered an artist Valentina Serov my portrait of oil paints. I posted almost daily, and the portrait, started fine, serun then spoiled. Yes, and he is a pose of me, alive, cheerful, gave some kind of not peculiar to me, collapsed. All there were 19 sessions, "wrote Sophia Andreevna in the diary.

In the desktop

© Archive Museum-Manor L. N. Tolstoy "Clear Polyana"

In the writer’s office, a small passing room, the museum’s caretakers also retained the working atmosphere and important details that helped the thick work on the works. For example, near the desktop still stands stool, seeming, however, too small for an adult man. In fact, the chair belonged not to Tolstoy, but his daughter Tane. When a girl grew out of him, Lev Nikolayevich, who loved to sit low towards the table, took the chair to himself.

On the reading table, there is a book that the writer read in the last days of life in Casual Polyana, – "Brothers Karamazov" Dostoevsky. Not far from the table stands a phonograph. The first invention for recording sound Tolstoy on the 80th anniversary gave American scientist Thomas Edison. The voice of Leo Nikolayevich recorded on him can still listen to him: as if the writer instructs from the neighboring chair, the writer instructs the peasant children well and not stitch.

Sofa for Lisa

Another valuable detail of the house of the house is dark – dark, upholstered sofa. It was born to Tolstoy himself, his brothers, sister and 11 children. Wherever the sofa was, before the birth of Sofia Andreevna, he was always transferred to her room. A similar situation occurs in the novel "War and Peace" – in the scene of childbirth of the little princess Lisa Bolknoe. "In five minutes of Princess (Marya. – approx. Red.) From my room heard, that they carry something heavy. She looked out – the waiters carried for something in the bedroom the leather sofa, which was in the office of Prince Andrew. On the faces of the people who had a solemn and quiet ".

Hoodies from Tolstoy

© Archive Museum-Manor L. N. Tolstoy "Clear Polyana"

Mystery of a green stick, or a trip to a clear clearing

Writer, Hunter, teacher, cyclist, polyglot, and still models of mod and morals! No modern wardrobe without a hoodie today. At the sources of convenient and at the same time fashionable sweatshirt also stood Lev Nikolaevich. One of the hoodies still hangs in a writer’s bed in a bedroom in a clear glade.

The five-year-old "leava-bubble" Senior Brother Nikolai said that a green wand was buried on the edge of the ravine, and the main secret was written on it, "how to make all people know no misfortunes, never quarreled and not angry, but would be Constantly happy "

At the same time, the material of a free long shirt, which was usually rejected, was not fat at all; The name of the clothes went from the name of the writer. And it became popular thanks to the sweatshirts, followers of religious-ethical teachings – hoodies, the origins of which stood Lev Nikolaevich.

Antray Brothers and Green Wand

© Shevchenko Andrey / Shutterstock.Com

Not only life, but also the death of fat is unusual. Even before his death, the question of the last refuge of the writer was resolved by him. Tolstoy bequeathed to bury himself on the spot of a green stick. The five-year-old "leava-bubble" Senior Brother Nikolai said that a green wand was buried on the edge of the ravine, and the main secret was written on it, "how to make all people know no misfortunes, never quarreled and not angry, but would be Constantly happy ".

It is worth opening the mystery of the green stick, and no one will die anymore, will not be wars and diseases and people will become "ant brothers". Literary criticians suggest that this name did not go from the word "ants", but from the consonance with Moravia – a historic district in the Czech Republic, where in the XV century the religious community "Moravian brothers", which children called mistaken.

Shortly before the death of Tolstoy wrote in the diaries: "The ideal of the ant brothers, flapping to each other, just not under two armchairs hung with scarves, and under all the heavenly arch of all people of the world, remained for me the same. And how I then believed that there is that green wand on which it is written what should destroy all the evil in people and give them a great good, so I believe and now that there is this truth and that it will be open to people and give them what she promises ".

Thank you for organizing an excursion Federal Agency for Tourism of the our Federation – Rosturism.

Mystery of a green stick, or a trip to a clear clearing

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