Mysterious Hamar-Daban, Baikal and Colored Birds
"In the bag of heart, put / not anything, but this life, / after all, there will be thousands of capitals / in front of you to fall NIC. "- I remember this song from youth. And so the miracle happened – I saw this mysterious Hamar-Daban, for the central part of this ridge is located the Baikal State Natural Biosphere Reserve, in which our project arrived;.
However, the acquaintance with the reserve, we started not from the mountains, but from the ring of ringing birds – one of the three largest in Russia. It is located on the shore of Baikal, not far from the small river Misha, on one of the ways of migration of birds.
What is the ringing of birds and why it is necessary? As you guessed, the word "ringing" happened from the word "ring", that is, the birds put on special rings, each of which has its own unique number.
According to these rooms, which ornithologists are entering special videos along with other poultry parameters (weight, size, and t. D.), with a re-catch, you can track the paths of migration and nesting birds, the duration of their life and a lot more interesting from the life of the feathers.
For the catch of birds put special webs-claws that check every hour. Such traps do not harm the caught poultry, and judging by the fact that part of the birds in a day or two again falls here, then they do not experience much stress.
Bird in a trap paust
In addition to the web, at the ring of the ring, there is also a huge trap, similar to a large fishing network, a height of 13 m and the width of the input 40 m!
Fish trap. View from above
The ring of ringing from April to October, and over the past nine years, more than 30,000 birds have been opened here. The work goes almost around the clock, only with a slight break for the night, and therefore it is always welcome to volunteer helpers. If there is no experience at all, but there is a desire, you will definitely teach how to properly remove the bird from the trap, how to carry out measurements and wear the same ring.
The process of inspection and measuring the bird
You can always come here to a tour and see birds with your own eyes, and if you’re lucky, you will even let you even hold one of them in your hand.
By the way, it was precisely the catch of birds helped to know that new types of guests appeared in the reserve: Bula Zhuralan, Kamichovka-Barzuchk, and during migration, a tanger, a yellow-stained mukholovka, a large and small white heron.
We would love to live at the station longer, but there is still a lot of interesting things ahead and you need to have time everywhere.
Waterfalls – my weakness. I can watch for hours how the flow of water falls from the height and runs on, and the noise of water is the best music for relax. In the Baikal Reserve I saw two waterfalls at once.
To the first way, the path "in the Debrist Hamar Dabana", starting from the eco center of the reserve.
A small segment of a 11-kilometer route has a comfortable wooden flooring designed for people with limited mobility. Such a trail in the reserve three, but about them a little later, but as long as we go to the waterfall.
The chipmunk for the winter time to stock up to five buckets of cedar nuts. And larger forest conifers are not averse to to enjoy the results of the chest
The most important thing on a walk is to look carefully on the sides and under the feet. Why? Yes that then, for example, that directly from the track can be found a chipmunk.
And you know that the chipmunk for the winter has time to stock up to five buckets of cedar nuts? True, precisely because of this, he often suffers, because larger forest conifers are not averse to to enjoy the results of chest, and therefore we met a lot of holes, excavated by bears and badgers.
And here live proteins. True, they are surprisingly not enough, these are not the parks in Moscow, and most importantly – the proteins are not a redhead here, and black, such a tree is very difficult on the tree.
The flooring ended, and here we are already going on the forest paths, carefully laid workers of the reserve. Walking here is much nicer than on paved paths in parks. And which air! You know how the real autumn smells? Eh, if you could bring a jar with forest flavors home and then enjoy all winter.
On the way, we are transferred through a small river aspen on the suspended bridge, and now we have come from the security zone directly to the territory of the reserve.
Another hour or another way, and the goal is achieved! The protected waterfall is not very large, its height is only 3.5 m, but very picturesque, especially in the frame of the autumn forest. It is a pity that it is impossible to hang here. Need to return to the base before the onset of twilight, since walking through the forest after the sunset is not very safe.
Until the second waterfall, we had to get on the engine boat, and not just on the engine, and at the aerolodka, the one that is capable of walking on the stones and in the finest water.
The fact that close to the river Vydrina a cliff water falls in the reserve known for a long time, but somehow it turned out that up to this waterfall, few people go, so we can consider ourselves pioneers in nearly future tourist route.
At first we got to the suspended bridge across the river. On him, from the shore, the reserve employees go to the shore during the accounting work, tourists walking on one of the routes also come here.
And then began the operation "Find a way to the waterfall". We had to make your way to the cherished goal, we had to go through the most real taiga, in which there are no holling trail, but there are plenty of traps of a dog, holes, excavated animals, and a lot of a lot of cobwebs, carefully wagged in between branches.
And here is the waterfall. From afar, it seemed less, and when we came closer, I realized that it was almost niagara local.
But the most beautiful was in our back. Handsome Range Hamar-Daban in all its greatness. A couple of days ago, his peaks sat down with the first snow, and now from this dazzling beauty, illuminated by the bright sun, it was difficult to tear the look.
And where is Baikal? Yet the reserve is Baikal, and I’m all about the mountains, rivers yes waterfalls.
Well, let’s go to the lake.
By the way, you will be surprised, but the lake itself is not entering the territory of the Baikal Reserve. Here is such a focus. But, having arrived here, on Baikal you will definitely visit, for the visit center and the ecocenter of the reserve are located in the village of Troha, standing on the very Baikal shore.
The idea of creating in these places of the reserve was born in the middle of the last century among scientists who were engaged in the study of the nature of the Southern Baikal. First of all, it was promoted by the staff of the Department of Botany IGU A. In Smirnov and N. A. EPOVA. The reserve itself was created on September 26, 1969.
The territory of the reserve occupies the central part of the Hamar-Daban mountain range, stretching in the latitudinal direction along the southern coast of Lake Baikal. The reserve has more than a thousand species of plants, 13 of which are included in the Red Book of the our Federation. 52 species of mammals and 303 species of birds live here, some of which are also included in the Red Book.
Now in the reserve there is a work on the study and preservation of a rare forest subspecies of the wild reindeer Altai-Sayan population. Thanks to the work of the protection on the protected area, the number of sable, bear, hoofed animals has grown.
All ecotropics begin with the eco center of the reserve.
Ecocenter of the Baikal Reserve
Remember, I wrote that there are ecotropics in the reserve, equipped with special wooden flooring, for which it is convenient to walk at any time of the year, you can with wheelchairs and strollers. All of them are made within the framework of the project "Affordable Wednesday", and I am very pleased that the reserve thought about those who find it difficult to move on forest roads, giving such people the opportunity to admire the nature with all amenities!
Total three trails:
"Cedar Alley" – 1.75 km
"High Swamp" – 2.8 km
"Path to Baikal" – 3.9 km
We passed two trails "The High Swamp" and "Path to Baikal", these trails begin and go together for a long time, and then they are already divided.
The "High Swamp" trail will lead you to the Lishkovsky swamp, named so named Wilhelm Lishko, the railway contractor and the owner of the store, which also built the largest estate in the village. By the way, the first tourists who came to these edges took exactly Lishko.
And we will overtake with the "Bolotnaya" trail and leaving the path "Path to Baikal".
She leads directly to the lakeside to the Baikal Reserve detention center and built to the 50th anniversary of the reserve as part of the "Baikal Baikal Trail" – a project to create a tourist trail system around Lake Baikal and in the Baikal Region.
Before you go to the visit center itself, it is worth walking around. First of all, say hello to Baikal – finally we met! And no matter what the weather at this moment is, – Baikal is always beautiful!
Then go to the nerves. They ruled so well on the pebbles that I would like to make them a company.
On the other hand, the visit center is an aviary, in which two Barguzinsky sables live – Thunder and Tuchka. We really wanted to see them, but, apparently, in bad weather, animals prefer to sit in a warm mink, and not to demonstrate themselves to the public.
Visit Center "Baikal Reserve" – a modern world-class tourist center. Interactive expositions work here, various environmental and cultural events are held.
Nearby is a hotel complex, and soon it will be expanded to accept everyone who would like to visit the Baikal State Natural Biosphere Reserve.
You can get to the reserve by train from Irkutsk or Ulan-Ude, reaching the station Troha.