Myshkin — The district center of the Yaroslavl region, located on the left, high bank of the Volga opposity of the river in her. Nearest cities — Uglich (40 km) and Rybinsk (42 km), distance to Moscow — About 300 kilometers. Square of the city — 5 kV.km, population — 5775 people.
The city is surrounded by protected forests and dense borons. Despite the modest sizes of Myshkin, the fame of the open-air museum has long gained. Here, the coupe of the beginning of the 20th century was preserved in the original form, which gives a complete feeling of a small trip to the past.
And in many old houses, mansions and palaces are numerous museums who introduce travelers with the history and culture of this reserved edge.
Somehow Prince Fedor Mikhailovich Mstislavsky rested on the banks of the Volga after hunting. And suddenly woke up from the fact that the mouse sits on his face. Prince jumped up and wanted to kill the disturbing animal’s sleep, but here I saw a snake in the grass.
And realized that the mouse was saved him life! After that, it was commanded to build a chapel and await on this place, and the place itself is called Myskin.
This is such a legend exists about the origin of the title of the city, which refers to the XVI century. Although settlements in these places were before, according to archaeological finds, people lived here in V—III millennium BC.NS.
In IX, the Slavs appeared on the hilly bank, who peacefully got along with the local population. They laid the city, which was subsequently completely destroyed by internecine wars and hordes of Batya.
At the scene of the destroyed settlement, the village was rebuilt, which first belonged to the princes of the eared, the descendants of Vsevolod, a large nest, and later passed into possession of the princes of Mstislavsky, the descendants of the Lithuanian Prince Gedemin. In the second half of the XVI century, Myshkin became part of the specific Yukhot Principality.
In troubled time, the village again almost completely destroyed. At the end of the XVII century, it passed into the possession of the Moscow miracle of the monastery and began to actively reject. On August 3, 1777, Catherine II gives Myshkin the status of the city and makes it the center of county with a population of more than 72 thousand people, and his coat of arms later approves.
From this point on, the rapid development of the city begins. The local blacksmiths of the master are famous, trade flourishes, and local fairs — Borisoglebskaya and Vvedenskaya — Known in all nearby cities.
Local merchants lays out in the city of traditions of patronage in the city: temples, shops, mansions, roads, roads are being built on their money, the trading people were largely determined by the modern appearance of Myshkin.
At the end of the XIX century, the leader of the county nobility Fedor Konstantinovich Poduchinin, the great-known commander of Mikhail Kutuzov, opens a public library in Myshkin, the basis of which a meeting of books of his famous ancestor.
Part of the fund was collected on donations of local merchants. There were so many books that they were enough to open a branch of the library in the neighboring Uglich.
By the beginning of the 20th century, the publisher, meteorological station, in the city with two thousand inhabitants, worked in Myshkin,. After the 1917 revolution, local temples were destroyed, the library is closed, and most of the books are destroyed.
Myshkinsky County liquidated, and Myshkin himself is deprived of the status of the city. In the middle of the XX century, in the construction of the Rybinsky reservoir, a third of the settlement went under water.
In 1988, Myshkin returned the historical name, and after three years — City status. Today Myshkin — A large tourist center, about 200 thousand tourists visited it every year.
The climate in Myshkin is moderately continental, which is characterized by warm and rainy summer, cold and snowy in winter, as well as the presence of a pronounced offseason — Spring and autumn.
The warmer month — July with an average temperature around 18°C, the coldest month — January (average temperature — -eleven°C, but the frosts occur and up to -25°WITH).
Recommended Time to Visit Myshkin — From mid-May to mid-September, when a comfortable walk is installed for walking, the maximum number of sunny days is fixed.
Home Value Myshkin — Beautifully preserved architecture of a small provincial city, what she was over 100 years ago.
Narrow streets, carved platbands, stone mansions seem to be transferred to the past, during the time of merry fairs and diverse goods of merchant shops.
Business card Myshkin — of course, «Mouse Palace» (still called him «Myshkina Chambers»).
Here guests are waiting for an interactive representation with a visit to the mouseproof hall, exposure dedicated to the symbol of the Yaroslavl region — Bear, and a mini-zoo, whose main residents — Mice and other rodents.
Another sign of the city’s landmark — The only one in the world Mouse Museum. This is a real mouse kingdom, the exhibits of which came from most different parts of the world.
Here are books on «mouse» Themes in different languages, dishes with the image of the city symbol and, of course, the figures of mice, including those presented by famous people.
One of the most famous architectural monuments of Myshkin — Manor merchant Timofey Pischova, Built in the second quarter of the XIX century. The main building is especially attracted here — Mansion with mezzanine.
It has a collection of vintage tiled stoves to look at them, you need to book a tour in the Myshkin Tourism Center Myshkintour.Ru.
Several museums and expositions are located on the estate. One of them — Museum «RUSSIAN VALENKI». The art of felting in Myshkin has developed for centuries and has achieved perfection.
The museum presents both the old felted shoes of the XIX century and modern models not only of classical gray, but also with embroidery, braid and painting.
Another interesting place — Museum of flax. Here you can find out how the flax is grown, how they get a thread with the help of spindles, watch the work of a weaving machine and even learn to make linen dolls that our great-grandmothers played.
Next door is located Old mill, also once owned by the merchant. It regularly worked until the 70s of the XX century, and today there is a museum telling how the grain turns into flour. In addition, here you can visit House Melnik, Where in applications are held interactive entertainment programs.
There is one in the estate and another object that deserves attention, — Museum «Myskin in old photos». Here are photos of the XIX century, on which the city itself is captured and its famous residents. A visit to the museum is possible only in the warm season by prior application.
On the other hand, the Assumption Square is located Manor P. E. Church (Mini-junior). It consists of a main house and two flibels — Western and East, which are located on the sides. Now in the building is a vocational school.
Walking in the center of Myshkina, it is impossible not to notice the majestic and elegant Assumption Cathedral. It was built at the beginning of the XIX century on the money of citizens, but the Meret Zayamyakin was the main darker.
The temple is acting, it survived fragments of ancient painting and internal decoration, and in the warm season you can climb the bell tower and admire the fascinating views of the Myskin, Volga and Yuht.
Another urban temple — Nikolsky Cathedral. It was built at the end of the XVIII century on the means of a native of these vessels of the merchant Alexander Petrovich Berezina, the urban head of St. Petersburg.
In the 19th century, the temple was rebuilt, portico with columns and dome appeared, in the 30s of the 20th century the bell tower was destroyed, but inside the temple, the elegant iconostasis in the style of Baroque was preserved.
Opposite the cathedral is located Museum «Orthodox Myshkin» (He is «Museum of family collections»). Here are the materials about Orthodox priests, builders and ministers of temples and a lot of vintage photos of Orthodox churches are presented.
Learn more interesting facts from the history of Myshkina offers Museum of the capital Lotsmanov (He is local history).
Here are presented as archaeological finds in the form of a matter of mammoth and petrified clams and many vintage objects of life and, of course, cunning devices, with the help of which local pilots conducted merchant vessels for not so fully.
It was the merchants in many respects identified the appearance and the fate of Myshkin. These wonderful people are dedicated Museum of Myshkin Magnias («Maheeev Dvor»). Here, guests are in the present merchant house with a living room, where secular conversations have once been conducted, the dining room, where the pie was served with sterling, and in a private bench, which was once replaced by residents of the city. Modern supermarkets.
Next door is located Museum of the Myshkin Peasantry. Here is the history of the development and prosperity of flax and woolen business in the Myshkin Earth.
The exposition presents different cunning peasant devices and mechanisms and the largest in the Yaroslavl region a collection of splices.
In the heart of the city meets guests Museum of peasant architecture. Here are collected exhibits from around the district: log baths, barns, chapels and windmills.
In addition, the museum can be visited in a real blacksmith and a pottery workshop and see how masters create clay and forged masterpieces.
Another amazing place — Museum of Peter Smirnova. Petr Arsenyevich, born in the poor peasant family, was a long way and became a millionaire, famous world as the creator of the famous vodka «Smirnov».
The Museum presents personal belongings of the vodka king and the collection of antique wine and vodkahware, and also shows the history of the production of vodka «Smirnov».
There is another unusual exposure in the city — Museum of unique technology «Myshkinsky self-proposition».
Here, among other things, you can see military time cars, vintage agricultural machines, river vessels, a real aviation turbine and even lemonade and sausage cars of the XIX century.
30 kilometers from Myshkin, Martynovo village is located, where Museum Katskayra, how do local residents call themselves.
It is several ancient houses built in the XIX and early 20th century, where you can see the tools of rural masters, school supplies of different years and even take a few lessons of the local katsby dialect.
25 kilometers from the city above the Volga is another interesting settlement — Village Uchiska.
It is famous for two museums — Faith and Labor, talking about the life of the our village of the XIX century, and Academy of Monastery, laid by the Orthodox Holy Cassian on the Volga Spit and destroyed in the 30s of the 20th century.
How to get to Myshkin
From Moscow to Myshkina can be reached by car. The most comfortable road — Through Sergiev Posad, Kalyazin and Uglich, which allows not only to get to the destination, but also enjoy the path of the beauty of ancient our cities.
The road to Myshkina local significance, so its quality places leaves much to be desired.
At 21 kilometers from Myshkina there is a Volga railway station, through which trains from St. Petersburg, Rybinsk, Samara, Nizhny Novgorod, Ufa and Ivanova. Volga Station with Myshkina connect regular buses.
The most convenient way to get to Myshkin from Moscow — water. In the warm season, many cruise ships stop here. Taking into account the fact that the marina is located in the city center, such a way of movement allows you to immediately start a familiarity with numerous attractions.
Everyone who goes to Myshkin on the car must need to remember that the bridge over the Volga in the city is not, so it is necessary to use the nearest bridges or in Uglich, or in Rybinsk.
In the warm season through the Volga, the ferry runs, which connects Myshkin with the pier Korovino on the other side of the river. Ferry movement interval — 1 hour.