Museums for books of records
China again turned out to be ahead of the planet all. This time the Chinese city of Dalian (far) was distinguished in the northeastern province of Liaoning. His Museum of Polar Sea Animals is declared "the largest in the world" and entered in the Guinness Book of Records.
The construction of the building and collecting exhibits of this museum was spent more than 400 million yuan (about 50 million dollars). The museum is two huge halls in which the exposure that tells about the flora and the fauna of the polar areas of the Earth, and the exhibition of stuffed marine animals. Exhibited a total of 153 marine animals eleven species. Among other things, visitors can see sea elephants, polar bears, penguins, dolphins and sea dogs.
According to the administration of the exhibition complex, they expect that every year a new museum will visit to 1.5 million tourists, our Beijing correspondent reports Vladimir Fedoruk.
In China, this is not the only unique museum. In the county of the North Province of Shanxi to visit tourists, the first Museum of Accounts is open to visiting tourists.
More than 600 of these simple devices are presented, different in shape, sizes and the principle of use. They were collected by the Local Resident Zhou Balavine, who decided to show his collection to everyone.
Some exhibits, you can say no price. There are scores that are made of gold, silver, copper, bones, jade, agate. The length of the largest is about 6 meters, 12 people are required to work on them. In the museum you can see the tiny decorative scores – no more coins in size.
In the Zhou Bay collection collection, there are abilities used by high-ranking officials of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644.), and also decorated with precious gems Personal measuring instruments of the Emperor Qianlong and the Empress of the Chiny of the last dynasty of the Qing (1644-1911.).
Earlier it was believed that the scores appeared in China during the Board of the Eastern Han dynasty (25-220). Such an opinion was built on the results of research of the ancient arithmetic books of the time. However, later archaeologists were discovered by the beads of the Western Zhou dynasty (1000-771. to N.NS.) who consider experts to be used for arithmetic computing. This "adding machine"had 86 beads that were made of clay.
The distribution of computers in many countries entailed the complete disappearance of accounts. According to Zhou Balin, the museum will allow to preserve the historical memory of China about the predecessors of computers.
And in the uzzhanca of the eastern Chinese province of Fujian, the world’s largest museum of tea (also fit into the Guinness Book of Records). Its sizes can even hit the visible museum workers. It covers an area of 5.3 hectares and consists of a huge exhibition pavilion, buildings for displaying calligraphic and artistic works dedicated to tea drinking.
Visitors can count in the museum. Almost everything related to the thousand-year history of tea and tea drinking in Middle Kingdom, as well as other countries and regions of the world. In addition, museum employees demonstrate the art of a tea ceremony, and can also teach it asam of anyone who wants.
In China, tea has been cultivated for more than 6 thousand years. For such a long time in the Middle Kingdom, naturally, many of its varieties were derived – about 600. It is divided by five species. According to experts, the first, the most chassis and highly appreciated is green tea. Next follow black tea, tea "Black Dragon", Brick and flavored teas. Bilocunsky is considered the best tea, which is collected on the Lake Island under the city of Suzhou, and Longji Tea, especially the most tender lists appearing in early spring. They and the most expensive.
Tea in China reigns everywhere. In the harchev and restaurants in front of the first dish, you will definitely serve fragrant tea, and at the same time asked what kind of grade you prefer.
Recently, a large amount of tea drinks appeared in China, which, like Coca-Cola, is sold in plastic bottles. Among the Chinese, green tea with ice is especially popular. Opened a bottle and drink yourself, and no need to carry with you no thermos. True, for those who want to taste a hot aromatic drink, too, there are places where you can take the soul. Even in the official Chinese capital almost every step there are signs with one beautifully written hieroglyph "tea". There are a lot of tea and in parks in which citizens love to spend their weekends and holidays.
Among the simple people, the classic tea ceremonial, of course, is not satisfied – there is no time, and he is great forgotten. However, each respected Chinese have its own way of welding a toning drink, which he considers better than others.
But in the neighboring South Korea this year the museum opens. garbage. It is created in the city of Thajon, known here and abroad as one of the main scientific centers of the country, writes our Seoul Correspondent Vladimir Kutakhakhov. With the initiative of creation "Trash Cunstkamera" made one of the local environmental organizations. Museum, according to her plan, should draw attention to the problem of the struggle for the purity of the environment.
As the welfare of the inhabitants of the Republic of Kazakhstan, their attitude to the surrounding things is becoming increasingly lightweight, as evidenced by the growing volumes of solid garbage, and household, or food, waste.
Museum stands will place numerous household objects and office equipment, which, outdated or out of order, often simply turn out to be on the streets and roadside, creating an ecological threat. Special exposure will be devoted to the people around people, which can be recycled and disposed of: old utensils and household items – televisions, refrigerators, air conditioners, furniture, books and magazines, old money.
As for food waste, according to the report prepared by the Ministry of Administration and Local Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, their mass in South Korea – a country with a population of more than 45 million people – amounted to 4.04 million tons last year. 56.5 percent of waste is processed.
Where there are museums
The history of the emergence of museums goes into deep antiquity. Their predecessors appeared long before our era – the storage of the Knos Palace in Crete (16th century BC.NS.), Palace Vanov and the archive of the Inisk Oracles (China, 13-12th century BC.NS.), Library of the Ninevian Palace (7th century BC.NS.). In the ancient era of temples, and then individuals (from 3 century to n.NS.) I was collected mainly works of art (Sulla Gallery, Crassa Collections, Lukulla, Pompey, Caesar). Works of art were kept in the ancient Roman terms. A variety of meetings were accumulated in the Christian cathedrals and monasteries of Byzantium, medieval France, Italy, Germany, Ancient Russia.
Systematic collection of art works began in the Renaissance Epoch. The most famous Assembly of the XV century is a collection of Florentine bankers and patrons of art Medici, composed of works of Italian and antique artists. The first state was the British Museum in London, based on the decision of the Parliament in 1753 and the open speakers six years. In Russia, the first public museum became Kunstkamera Peter the Great, founded in 1714 and open to universal ferris in five years.
Now the museums have thousands and thousands, and the Word itself comes from Greek "Museuon" — place (most often sacred grove), visited by muses? or music temple. Op