Turkey City: Amassia
306 km north-east of Ankara, on the province of the eponymous province lies Amasia (Amaasya) – one of the most picturesque cities of Anatolia.
- Amasia city
- Valley Eshil-Irmak
Founded by hitts over 3000 years ago at the mouth of the narrow mountain valley of the Eshil-Irmak (Ancient Iris), it is still famous for the beautiful Saljukski and Ottoman wooden buildings, carefully restored in the XIX century. Interestingly, according to Strabo (a native of these places, by the way), Amazia was founded by Queen Amazon Amazis. However, much greater fame city received as the capital of the Pontic Kingdom of Mithridate, then – as the capital of Emirates Danyshmendididididid. Already in times of Osmanov, he becomes a kind of school for young heirs of the throne, "Training" In this small province to manage the country, and in 18 urban madrasas, up to two thousand students were studied at the same time. June 21, 1919 Ataturk uttered his famous "Speech in Amasia", which was essentially a call to the beginning of the national liberation war. As a result, this city has become for the Turks one of the symbols of the history of his country.
It is accepted for his monuments "Silver mosque" Gumusul (1326 g.), Mesquite (Mosque without a minaret, Islamic equivalent of the Christian chapel) PIR-Mehmet-Chelebubi (1507 g.), mosque Kielery Suleiman Yeah (1489 G.), Burmals Minar-Kamya ("Mosque with a minaret curve", 1242.), the biggest city mosque – Sultan Bayazit (1486 G., Interestingly, the two plane growing in its facade have about the same age, and the multi-pop madrasa and a mosque library contain approximately fifty thousand volumes, including three thousand ancient copies of the Koran manuscript), "Blue mosque" Gok Madrasa (XIII B.) With Mausoleum Emir Torumtaya, the former shelter for insane, and then – music school and conservatory Byrmanhanhane-Medressees (1308 g.), Madrasa Buyuk-Aga (1488 G., Acts so far, and the entrance is allowed even to non-Muslims), one of the best provincial museums of the country – Museum of Archeology and Ethnography (open from Thursday to Sunday from 8.30 to 12.00 and from 13.30 to 17.30, Login – 2 Try), Artificial Waterfall Lebenkaya (Usually works with 15.00 to 22.00 daily) and the equestrian statue of Ataturk on the embankment of Ataturk-Maidana.
- Byrmanhana-Medressees, Amasia
- Street in Amasia
- Ancient buildings, Amasia
On the north shore of the Eshil-Irmak Valley, there is a rather hard-to-reach citadel, and under it – the rockless necropolis of the kings of the Pontic Kingdom (open daily from 8.00 to 17.00, input – 2 TRY). And immediately under it, right above the river bed, stretch numerous "Hanging houses" Ottoman era with a quiet mosque adorning them Bayazit-Pasha (XV B.). Almost all of them are carefully restored and used now as colorful antique shops, guesthouses and restaurants.
- Citadel, Amasia
- Necropolis of the Pontic Kingdom
- "Hanging houses", Amasia
- Hotel and Restaurant PA&# 351; A
103 km east of Amaassia lies ancient Tokat (Tokat), known for its Pontic Fortress, Madrasa GOK (1275 g., Now there is a good museum), mosque and madrasah Hatuni (1485 g.) and a set of semi-day buildings of the Ottoman era.