Morocco teaches violepability

Kipiling belongs to the famous saying: "West is the West, East is East, and together they do not go". It is difficult to argue with this statement: life seems to confirm its right. But personally, I had doubts about this score after I had to plunge into the life of the Arab kingdom of Morocco – a unique multiconde confessional archipelago in the Muslim Ocean. Unique, because you can hardly find another state in the Arab East, which would be asleep when it comes to religion.

Especially successfully destroys common stereotypes of the city of Fez – the ancient capital of this North African country. Until recently, FES was more famous in the world as the birthplace of the most ancient Islamic University "Karuin", as well as famous burgundy hats with a tassel – Fesom, who diverged throughout the Arab East. They were considered one of the peculiar symbols of the followers of the Prophet Mohammed. However, in recent years, Fesse has been talking about as well as about the venue of international festivals of spiritual music.

Tim in summer in the eleventh times of the FES under the patronage of King Mohammed VI and his charming spouse Salma – a computer programmer Musicians of all continents, including from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, gathered to harmonize sound, melodies and voices to exalted the Most High and Chad him – earthlings. It takes this holiday under the slogan "By hope", which unites the organizers of the festival, Muslims and Christians, Jews and Buddhists noted. This could only happen in our day in such an Arab country as Morocco.

The world and peace of mind on the planet in a stormy stream of social shocks – this is what has worried about five hundred flutists, pianists, trumpeters, violinists and playing on such vintage tools, like a lute or saz. Opened Opera Diva Festival from Spain Teresa Berganz with his daughter Cecilia Laville. They performed works by Manuel de Fallla and Pergolesi. Dazzling sunlight "Ave Maria" adjacent to the philosophical melodies of Sufi mystical music performed by Moroccans and Egyptians.

They were replaced by sacred dances of ancient India and ritual Japanese dances with scenes from the repertoire of the classic Kabuki Theater. All the Christmas carols of the Italian singer Lucilla Galazi fascinated. In short, something almost incredible happened in Fez. Trying to explain, authoritative business newspaper "Economist" Wrote: "Nothing incredible happened. People showed tolerance, and spoke, as it happens in music, the language of the dialogue, in which major notes of life prevail".

The public enjoyed "Kavvali" – Special melodic anthems in the glory of Allah and the Prophet Mohammed, and "Khayal" – Islamic music born in the interaction of the ancient Indian musical culture with the introduced Muslim tradition, with anadalus rhythms.

Simultaneously with concerts in Fez’s halls held discussions on which guests discussed the topic "Inhale the soul in globalization".

Such warm relationships in real life between representatives of various denominations are far from every Arab country of the Middle East and North Africa. More often the world becomes a witness to other phenomena – extreme intolerance and antagonism. In this sense, Morocco is still a rare exception to the rules. Why? Answer this question is not easy. Although something becomes clear when you see the victim, as we confess the Kingdom of various religions at the junction of Europe and Africa, where the continents only share Gibraltar.

Historical traditions postponed their beneficial imprint on the human fates from the ancient Arabian Moroccans, West Eastern Berbers, who are driven by the Spanish Inquisition of Jews and Wall Catholic Christians from France (former colonizers) and even Orthodox from Russia. This contributed to the unshakable rule, which were guided by all Moroccan monarchs of the 4th-twentieth centuries. He was repeatedly voiced and the last kings of Hassan II and his successor Mohammed VI: We all believe in a single God, and this is the main thing. We are all people believers, which means pious and this is the main.

This immutable for Moroccans, the truth today can be heard almost from each subject of the North African monarchy. Under its powerful influence and develops living – to be a multi-confessional and multipoint community of the Kingdom of Morocco. This life is distinguished, first of all, the survivation and religious and ethnic harmony of society.

How to live here, for example, the Jews would seem to be lost in the tremendous mass of Muslim Aboriginal? By asking this question, I remember one unusual evening in southern Morocco. In the reflections of the fire and in the twinkling of candles from the sprawls of the Atlas in Morocco from ancient times, the great mystery of Jews is committed annually. This time more than 600 Jews from the entire North African kingdom, as well as from Israel, USA, Canada, France and other countries, have taken pilgrimage in the town of Rish, 630 kilometers of South Rabat, to the grave of St. Rabbi Yitzhaka Abesshera. Pilgrims give prayers to Abissahru, one of the six hundreds of saints in confessions by Judaism Moroccans.

"Our Rabbi deserved his righteous life", – I told me one of the pilgrims Isaac Ibrahim. – We sing alleluju, remember the ancestors on this fertile African Earth, in the Kingdom of Morocco, where Jews live in peace with Arabs-Muslims".

Meeting in the risk of Jews from the most different edges of the Earth, it turned out, is also a good reason to relax and have fun. Like once Rabbi, they are glad to drink mahuya – a moonshine from dates, which in abundance give palms under the sun of Western Sahara. According to a merchant from Casablanca Ben Sliman, one of 3 thousand Jews of the Moroccan community, "People rest with a soul and heart, give a duty to the memory of Jews, who have been living in North Africa for more than two millennia".

After World War II, 300 thousand Jews numbered in Morocco. But then after mass immigration to Israel, outflows in Europe and the ocean in search of the best share of the community has decreased almost 100 times. However, there is now there is a reverse phenomenon – the return of Jews from Israel to their homeland in Morocco, where they lived with the times of Maghreb Sultans, which always appreciated the business qualities of the Jewish diaspora. Morocco along with Turkey shelted Jews when they were forced to escape almost 500 years ago from the Spanish Inquisition.

Moroccan Jews are grateful and Sultan Mohammeda, grandfather of the current king Mohammed VI. He defended the Jewish community from the genocide in the second world war, who tried to unleash the protascious mode of Vichy at a time when Morocco was a protectorator of France. Sultan did not obey the requirement of Hitler’s puppets Board Moroccan Jews Yellow six-poin stars. Therefore, it is not by chance in rice at the entrance to the house where the pilgrims were settled, portraits of Mohammed y and his grandson are visible – the current Monarch Mohammed VI.

In the motley lively crowd of pilgrims – people of different professions, natives of different edges. Here you can see bearded orthodoxs with paisas and Moroccans in ordinary leather jackets. "Rabbi made many wonders and glorious cases. So we are glad to bow to him", – says Charlie Dan, the US Air Force officer who was distinguished among the pilgrims of the signs and awards obtained in the service in the American army. Often, pilgrims were difficult to communicate, because some of them said only in one of their native languages ​​- French, English, Arabic, Hebrew, our. But in the end they found a common language.

The ancient Jewish lawmaker Gileel in response to the request of a stranger to determine the essence of Judaism during the time that he can stand on one leg, said: "What is unpleasant to you, do not do your neighbor". These words sounded like prayer, and this time under the starry sky of the Atlas Mountains near the Mausoleum of St. Rabbi. Rabbi had only one "sin", who understand many here: he did not refuse the dates of vodka, beloved and now with these Jews. By the way, somehow orthodox Muslims turned to King Mohammed VI with a question what to do with queues for wine and droves. On this, as Popular Molna says, the monarch answered concisely: everyone will pay for his acts, the gates of Paradise or Hell will open before each. And everyone can also make his choice on this path, alone.

Got acquainted close to the Jewish community and the first our diplomats. In his memoirs, Consulusums of the our Empire in Morocco.WITH.Botkin wrote in 1845: "In Tangier, the Jews live, where they want, but in all other cities Morocco they are allocated special quarters. Jews are numerous and vigilant: they will find them on the black head fault. Their wives are the only ones who may appear on the streets with open persons. The laws of the country, the Jews are forbidden to move from the Empire, because the government sees the benefits of trade, crafts and the treasury of Sultan with huge revenues". Business grip Jews brings considerable favor to the kingdom and in the twentieth century. They are free, as before, in their religion – Judaism. It just dates back to the tradition of the holiday Mimeuna, which is celebrated on the last day of Pescha. Early in the morning for Mimeu, Jewish families will certainly go to the Mediterranean Sea or the Atlantic Ocean. People sprinkled their face with water and play the mythological scenes of the transition of Jews through the Red Sea, the outcome from Egypt. Those who live far from the sea go to the wells and rivers. Misceliers are arranged with songs and dancing.

Finally, families are going at the table, covered white tablecloth. On it – Flowers, Ear of Wheat. Nearby – having a symbolic meaning of food: milk and flour (purity), dates, honey and wine (sweet life), fish (fertility). Bake pancakes (sun) that are sold at every corner in Morocco.

Special delicacy – truffles that are harvested in early spring in the groves of cork oak under the slave and the sense in which they know only Jews in Morocco. All festively dressed. Women – in Moroccan caftan with lace, men – in long burbus. Instead of ermolki, the famous burgundy fez.

Curious origin of the word "Mimuna". Some argue that it originates from Arabic "Mimuna", What is wealth, good luck and faith. Others believe that this word is consonant with the name of the Rabbi scientist Moses Ben Maimeon, whose father died in Fez the next day after Pesha in 1204. In Mimeun, Jews will certainly go to visit the Arabs and call them to their generous treat. Togo require tradition, and their sacred is observed in Morocco and Jews, and Muslims, and Christians. Recently, the prophet’s birthday was celebrated in Morocco, then in April, Peachov began, and a bright Orthodox Easter came on Sunday in Sunday.

However, the same harmony reigns in the relationship of various denominations in all countries of Maghreba (Northwestern Africa).

Morocco teaches violepability

In Algeria, for example, the majority of Jews were forced to leave their homeland in 1962, when the country ended with French colonization and gained independence. The remaining small diaspora emigrated from Andr in 1967 during the Arab-Israeli war, and now in Algeria there are only a couple of dozen Jews. In this country, in contrast to Morocco and Tunisia, all the synagogues are still closed. But recently, it seems to be changed. So, the head of state recently spoke of the contribution of the Jewish community to preserve the general historical and cultural heritage. President Buteflik invited to speak with concerts in Algeria Star French pop Enrico Masias, a leaving from the Jewish community of Constantine. Masias constantly chants his Sunny Motherland Algeria, where, how he sang, "Sky and the sea – like two drops of water". However, so far he could not see the edge of his childhood due to the hostility of Islamists and protests of Algerian Imam.

True, the first group of 130 French Jews-Sephardov, immigrants from North Africa, with the assistance of the Algeria Embassy in Paris recently been able to finally easily enter into the abandoned houses in Telfcene, located 540 kilometers of the West Algerian capital, near the border with Morocco. Association is valid in France "Fraternell", Unifying 1300 Jews Tlemsen. The delegation from France made a pilgrimage to the grave of Rabbar Ensaua – a religious leader of the XV century, which is considered from Algerian Jews "Holy Mudrya". Saint’s tomb was also restored at the initiative of Abdelazise Butefliki, whose family lived in Telfcene.

Guests, and once the owners, visited their former houses and courtyards, where they once lived side by side with Algerian Arabs. Tears of joy and hot arms of people who did not see almost 50 years old – evidence that the mistakes of the past slowly, but corrected, said one of Sefardov Michel Larush.

So the Arab Algeria gradually changes, also becomes more tolerant, although the positions of Muslim radicals in the republic are still strong. Yes, and in parliament, some of the births of the competent deputies expressed dissatisfaction with the visit of Jews to Algeria. However, as they say, the ice started.

When the first time in 2000 I had a chance to visit Rabat, I, of course, asked if the Orthodox Church was in the kingdom. It turned out, he not only exists, but also is a real attractive spiritual center for followers of the teachings of Christ. In the capital, at the end of the main avenue of Hasan P, the father of the current monarch, next to the area of ​​Russia there is a white church, built by the French architect in the style of our white-changing temples and at the same time "marabou" – A peculiar Muslim chapels, where usually rest in Morocco, the remains of Muslim Saints: White Locking Roof, White Cross and Strict White Bell Tower.

In the Holy Resurrection Church of the our Orthodox Church in the Rabat, I did not even. But the spring day of March was especially remembered, when the icon of the Mother of the Mother of Czestochowskaya was honored. It is with her that the construction of the our Orthodox Church in Morocco is connected at the very beginning of the twentieth century. Parishioners, among whom ours, Bulgarians, Serbs, Ukrainians, donated themselves with the godded sign and approached the aalo with a Czestochov icon. Under the architecture of the snow-white church, the liturgy was solemnly sounded, which was held by her new abbot of Archpriest Sergius Kikilineinovich.

He told me the story of creating a temple. Land under its construction was acquired by one rich Moroccan almost a hundred years ago. Father Wronophius, who could not return to Russia after the 1917 revolution, became soon the first abbot of the Resurrection Temple. In his diaries he recorded: "Resident of Rabat Notable Arab Sidi Ahmet Sheriff Jiblis was married to our. They had two sons from this marriage and one daughter. In the text of the departments on Earth, it was said that the following Mr. Jill takes the amount of 1 franc (the symbolic price for those times), recognizes and considers this fee, paid in the call of coin, good and appropriate. The sale was made on a special condition that the acquirer will erect the our Orthodox Church on the same site and that in no case called the site cannot serve no other purpose".

Such was the gratitude of Moroccan-Muslim our Christian from the Polish city of Czestochowa. They met in Switzerland, where Arab was treated from tuberculosis. After persistent courtship, then another our subject, whose name at her request is not mentioned, married Moroccan and went to the discount. There she took a wonderful list of Czestochov icon. Her husband, meanwhile, continued to hurt. Then, from his permission, the our woman began to pray for the Muslim of the Czestochowa of the Mother of God. And miracle happened – Jilly recovered. As a sign of gratitude, he sold for a purely symbolic fee of the land in a slave, not far from the Atlantic Ocean.

In 1932, the our first emigration waves erected on it the temple of the Resurrection of Christ. This is very solemnly celebrated by the Day of the Czestochovian Mother of God. The church legend states that Czestochov icon was written in Jerusalem in the Zion Gorky by the Apostle Luka, shortly before the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, on the board of a cypress dining table, which little Jesus helped marshek in Nazareth his father Joseph. In the fourth century, Jerusalem Christians presented the holy icon of Queen Elena, who transported it to Constantinople. From there Icon was delivered to Russia.

According to one version, the our commander Prince Lion, who founded the city of Lviv, delivered the Byzantine icon to his homeland to the North-Eastern Galicia and put in the House of Orthodox Church in the castle of the city of Belsk. In 1340, Lviv was taken by the Polish king Casimir W, and then Galicia was captured by the Poles. Among the Orthodox Shrine Catholics seized and the miraculous Czestochov icon and took to Poland. Since then, the icon is in Czestochowa on a clear mountain and is the main shrine of the Polish Church.

In the list of Icons of the Rabatian Church, the image of the Mother of God. On one of her cheeks – two injuries from the arrows of Saracinov. The legend says that she suffered during the attack of Muslims-Arabs. But the miracle is a miracle, and the miraculous, having committed unprecedented moving from Jerusalem and Constantinople to Russia and Poland, and from there for a threatening lands in Morocco, saved there one of "Saracinov" – Muga of Polish ours from the right death. So, there is someone and for what to pray for the glory of God in Rabat: Czestochovskaya Mother of God, the Temple Icon of the Church of the Resurrection of Christ.

. Morocco lives very different people and they all amazingly coexist peacefully with each other. For this it is worth putting a candle and in the church, and in a synagogue, and even in Buddhist Podgoda, if there are ever monks from distant Asia in the country of evening dawn.

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