Moon: Top-10, or what to look at the satellite of the Earth for the week
With the current rate of development of techniques, the first tourists are at the lunar surface. What they will be shown there for millions of conventional units in which will undoubtedly cost such a journey?
The highest point of the moon
Unlike the highest point of the Earth, Everest, on the highest point of the moon do not need to climb. There you can just fall. The highest point of the moon is on its backside, in the center of the nameless plateau, next to the Crater named after the our astronomer Engelhardt. The height of the plateau is 10,800 m, but not above sea level, but relative to the average height of the lunar surface. This most high-altitude region has been opened quite recently, in 2009, the American Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (lro) probe.
Place of falling on the moon of the Soviet station "Luna-2"
The very first lunar modules did not have brake systems and, in fact, were not far away from ordinary cannon nuclei. Nevertheless, the first such "cannon core" on the satellite of the Earth was our Soviet, which was called a loud phrase "Automatic interplanetary station "Luna-2"". She was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome on September 12, 1959, and already on September 14, she reached a goal, delivering a pennant to the surface with the image of the coat of arms of the USSR. Pennant was a ball consisting of several metal five-frames, on each of which the image of the coat of arms was applied and "September 1959" was performed. This ball, resembling a soccer ball, when hitting the ground, as it was conceived, scattered into parts. So now on the surface of the moon, there is a whole bunch of priceless souvenirs, the search for which will undoubtedly be included in the Moon Tours.
Why "Luna-2", and not one? Because "Moon-1" safely flew past the moon and became the first artificial satellite in the world … Suns. Later his story repeated the devices "Luna-4" and "Luna-6", as well as the American "Pioneer-4".
Tranquility base. Place landing on the moon of Americans
It’s time to stop insinuations. Americans on the moon, of course, were. And more than once. For the first time – in July 1969. "Apollo-11" with three astronauts on board started from the ground on July 16, and after five days the Moon Module "Eagle", rejoicing from Apollon, dropped to the surface of the moon, in the southwestern part of the sea of calm, next to the Little Crater -Hest. Almost at the equator.
What can be seen on the basis of calm? First of all, the landing step "Eagle", as well as scientific devices installed for further research: laser reflector and seismometer. Having spent their resource and thrown by astronauts before starting from the moon of television and cameras, lunar stans and shoes. Plus a healthy bag with garbage (it can be seen in the photo above).
On the basis of calm, a whole bunch of souvenirs remained: a metal plate with the words engraved on it "Here people from the planet Earth first set foot on the moon. July, year 1969 from christmas Christ. We came with the world from all mankind, "Apollo-1 emblem, a small gold olive branch and several memorable medals of the dead American and Soviet astronauts and astronauts, including Yuri Gagarin and Vladimir Komarov.
The lunar journey can easily pay off, enough to capture a few pebbles from the moon, because the cost of the lunar soil today is $ 2.2 billion per kilogram.
Eternal parking lot "Lunost-1"
The world’s first planet ship was delivered to our satellite Station "Luna-17" on November 17, 1970. Fitting happened in the sea rains. "Lunohod-1" worked ten and a half months, driving on the surface of the moon more than 10 km. He handed over to Earth 211 lunar panoramas and 25,000 photographs. Its accurate location for a long time was unknown, but in March 2010 "Lunohod-1" was discovered by the American Lro probe.
Exact copies of "Lunost-1" can be seen without leaving the planet Earth. They are exhibited at the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics, as well as in the Polytechnic Museum in Moscow.
Real Americans, as you know, do not think of yourself without a good car. Here are the astronauts, starting with the "Apollo-15" mission, held in August 1971 and became the fourth piloted expedition to the moon, began to take with them means for comfortable movement on her surface. Such a means became a double electric car on two disposable batteries, developed by Boeing. The average speed of Lonouotie was 13 km / h, but he could accelerate to 18. True, it was inconvenient to ride at such a huge speed on the moon: all four wheels were broken on the bumps from the surface, and the car was constantly trying to take off.
Such lounomobiles on the moon today are as many three pieces. All of them are parked near the landing and starting place of the lunar modules. In April 1972, his lounomobile on the moon left "Apollo-16", and in December of the same year – "Apollo-17". Cars are in a decent state, you only need to replace the batteries. Mileage is very small: Rover with Apollona-15 Ranatal on the moon 28 km. The following two – 27 and 36 km respectively.
The total mass of objects abandoned from the ground on the moon has already made more than 180 tons.
Crater Aristarkh, named so in honor of the ancient Greek astronomer Arystarha Samos, is the most mysterious crater of the moon. To date, almost a half hundreds of a wide variety of difficult-scale phenomena have been recorded in Aristarha, which have a general scientific name LTP, Lunar Transient Phenomena, which in our sounds not very solemn – KLA, short-term lunar phenomena. At various times, astronomers from the Earth are fixed in the crater Aristarkh bright red, orange and pink outbreaks, "something similar to fog", red and blue radiance "like electric welding", unexpected darkening or clarification of its internal space … so, for example, astronauts mission Apollo-11 was observed inside the crater Fluorescent glow, seen also from the ground. At the same time, the size of the crater is relatively small: its diameter is 40 km, and the depth is 3.5 km.
City of Grightuisen
In 1822, Professor of Astronomy of the University of Munich University Franz von Grightuizen, watching the moon in a telescope, found a whole lunar "city", named Wallmerk (in Translated from the German – "City, Surrounded by the Wall) next to the Schretker’s Crater and Zayu. Later, Wallmerd was renamed in honor of his discoverer. Indeed, several ridges intersect here in such a way that they can be easily taken for the ruins of the ancient city. People who are emphasized by a stormy fantasy, looking at the city of Grightuisen in a telescope, will distinguish the central street and diverting from it at an angle of 45 ° alleys, the remnants of the fortress trees and even the towers. Length of "Cities" – about 37 km. Whatever it is, but there is a lot of wishing to look at the outfit near.
The arched structure of about 32 km long, discovered on July 29, 1953, was named July 29, 1953 in the sea of crises John, the scientific editor of New York Herald Tribune, and part-time an amateur astronomer. After he announced his opening to the scientific community, the telescopes of the whole world were sent towards the sea of crises, and the existence of the "Bridge" confirmed even such a serious scientist as Hugh Percy Wilkins, director of the Lunar Department of the British Astronomical Association. "It looks like a man-made and similar to the engineering design. He discarded the shadow, and you can see the sun rays under it, "- described his opening O’Neill. Later, however, it was found out that it was even an impressive, but quite natural education. Perhaps today this is the most picturesque place discovered on the moon.
Vertical mine on the back of the moon
Will be what to do on the moon and speleologists. In 2007, the Japanese Artificial Satellite of the Moon "Kaguya" photographed the mysterious hole located in the sea of dreams on the reverse side of the moon. Hole diameter – 130 m. Depth of unknown. This Unnamed While the Well in the future can be useful to earthlings for equipment in it inhabited lunar observatory. Excellent protection against radiation and temperature difference.