Monuments that have not become
Gradual, barely noticeable mitigation of morals — The main thing is what humanity may hope in a distant historical perspective. It seems that all the right words are already told, and it remains only to wait for the wolf with a lamb or at least people will stop so much in vain to kill themselves like. And every time, learning about some wildness from the news, you are convinced: wait for a long time. In material «My planet» — RArmored monuments made in the XX and XXI century, which became monuments of human nonsense. The last one — ancient city — paved under bulldozers before our eyes.
On March 5, 2015, it became known that the militants of the terrorist organization ISIL, under the control of which there is a significant territory of Northern Iraq, destroyed the ruins of an ancient city with heavy machinery. Artifacts, which are over 2000, lost irretrievably.
Nymrud was founded by 28 centuries ago by King Salmanasar I. In the Assyrian capitals, he was gave out at the Ashshur-National Apalse four centuries later. Non-specific in such things can fully trust «Wikipedia»: Ancient Numude — City in Mesopotamia, on the territory of modern Iraq. His ruins were southeast of Mosul city, the Tiger River. In 612 BC. NS. Already destroyed by mussels and chaldems.
Essentially different: all demolished is very important, very old. Demolished the militants of the Islamic state, in the original — Hell Daulyat Al-Islamia. Trying to take in a sense: Khalifat, Sunni triangle, live in Sharia. Where there — just as important and incomprehensible, inconvenient, scary.
The bulldozer pressure did not bring the winged bulls of 3000 years from the family, did not bring statues and reliefs. One incomprehensible significance crossed the other, and the only hook of the European mind is the actual bulldozer — I saw it: yellow, road works, how, know.
Sukharevskaya (or Sukharev) Tower built from 1692 to 1695 on the site of old wooden Sretensky gates. The title of the tower is obliged to Streletsky Clap by the Lavrentia Sukharev, who was the first to face Peter during the Sagittsky unrest in August 1689. The first time in the tower there was a school of mathematical and navigation sciences, later translated into St. Petersburg, then — Moscow Department of Admiralty College. Until 1890 (maritime agency occupied a tower a little more than a hundred years), a reservoir of Mytishchinsky reservoir was located here. After the revolution, the tower was transferred to the Moscow communal museum.
Sukharev Tower, the largest civil structure of Moscow in the XVII century, — One of the first architectural evidence of Petrovsk. Extracted up, she joined the dispute with the squat, monumental architecture of old Moscow. This is the final European architecture — She looks like some Swedish Town Hall, is incomprehensible as coming into ancient our capital. Yuri Olesha noticed that the cat in boots could walk in such a tower, and indeed, Perra’s character is more appropriate here than Ivan-Tsarevich and other feed-roots.
In the observation of the Oleshi, in addition to the definition of European tower, — Note by «Fability» This architecture. Muscovites settled in the tower of all mysterious: there was a secret, it was unclear what the Neptunovo Society was under the control of Lefort, the sorcerer Bruce lived (here the Scot was really the observatory). Here, allegedly was stored a ring with a stracon seal, which was not enough of what was invisible, so also gave power over demons.
In 1933, Sukharevskaya Square was decided to rebuild. The tower made it difficult to move the traffic and was sentenced to demolition. For the monument, architects and artists tried to come down, including — JUN and Schusev. Personally, Stalin in the Caganovich telegram announced Protestants «Blind and unpromising». The tower was disassembled in 1934, and the Suharevskaya area turned into a collective farm.
August i Saxon on nicknamed strong became Kurfürst Saxony in 1694 at the age of 23. Prior to that, the life of the Great Value Hard with the prospect of becoming a commander (he was younger son). He traveled a lot in Europe, saw, it was necessary to think, and Venice, and Versailles, compared with which Dresden, the capital of Saxony, — Deaf Province. Having told the Saxon throne, Augustus with his passion characteristic of him is accepted to correct this, as it seems to him, injustice.
Hardly the main testimony of his success on this path — In 1710, the first china in Europe began to produce in the town of Maissen, the first in Europe, formerly by the Chinese heritage. The opening of the porcelain instantly turns saxony into an advanced cultural power. New material fell as never by the way: five years after the start of production in Versaille dies the king-sun Louis XIV. France, and then all of Europe, tired of the heavy patch of Versailles, sighs with relief. It was here that Maissen figures went into the case: frivolous shepherds and cowlows feed each other unthinkable amounts of grapes, the Chinese ride rhosses, monkeys play the orchestra.
Under the charming charm of porcelain figures, Augustus rebuilds Dresden. Court architect Pöppelman one after another erects palaces, galleries, churches. Dresden style — buildings as if melted in the sun. Balls and holidays surrounded by porcelain figures and Chinese rareers hardly inferior to french. Under green crops and in the gallery of old masters, one of the best painting collections in Europe — take at least Sicstinian Madonna. Dresden and itself becomes the subject of the image of the best European masters — Bernardo Belotto, nephew and a student of the Kanaleto itself, writes the market square and views of the city from the shores of Elba. Dresden confidently becomes one row with Paris, Venice, Vienna.
Two days in 1945, from February 13 to 15, allies bombarded Dresden. The feasibility of bombing, if there can be a question of expediency in general, and then it was not quite obvious. Dresden did not have a big military. He was a major transport hub, and it was supposed to bomb it in order for transporting to Berlin and Leipzig, which was necessary to bomb. Another version — It was done to intimidate the Soviet Union. Be that as it may, the cumulatively discarded city was comparable in power with nuclear bombs, fallen on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Died in different calculations from 25,000 to 100,000 people. The city was almost immorted from the face of the earth.
Now the old city of Dresden is almost completely reconstructed — In many ways, thanks to the extraordinary meticulousness of the landscapeboard of Belldotto. Dresden Gallery for some time was evacuated to Moscow. Seacstinsky Madonna took here as a native — The author of this article personally saw the zack with the back of the reproduction.