Mongolia: Ulan Bator
Traditions and fashion are intertwined here, high-rise buildings are adjacent to the yurts, and the cars are sometimes inferior to the road to the root horses. « My planet » and Airpano show the city of contrasts from the height.
Ulan Bator («Red Bogatyr») — Such a prose name The main city of Mongolia received in 1924 simultaneously with the proclamation of the Mongolian People’s Republic. However, in the past he has a raised story. In 1639, a Buddhist monastery was founded at the confluence of the Tola and Salbe rivers, and a week and a half century, the worshi residence of Buddhist Lam (Bogdo-Gaghanov) decided to settle in these places and the settlement, which received the name of Urga («Palace Knight») has become the largest in the composition of the external Mongolia. The capital of the united state of Urki became in 1911 under the name of Nislel-Hүree («Metropolitan monastery»).
Now Ulan Bator — Cultural Center of the country, a place where almost half of the population of Mongolia lives. Here the story is adjacent to today’s day, tradition — With fashion. Along with modern high-altitude buildings in the city still stand in yurts, and on the roads you can see the news of the auto industry, and low-spirited horses.
The center of Ulan Bator is the Square of Cenghis Khan (until 2013, she wore the name of the party leader of the Suke Bator). It has parliament, stock exchange, a Palace of Culture and other important buildings, as well as a monument to the Great Communion Genghis Khan. Nearby Lamin Temple-Museum, built in honor of the state oracle Luvsanhaydava. This is one of the best samples of the Mongolian architecture of the beginning of the twentieth century.
The most interesting Buddhist landmark of Ulan Bator — Monastery GandantEgchenlin. He managed to survive anti-religious campaigns, deployed in the 30s of the last century. Then, most of the Buddhist city buildings were destroyed, but the monastery was decided to maintain as the official museum of religion for foreigners. The magnificent temples, decorated with gold and precious stones, which are part of the monastery complex, were also impressed by tourists. Now Gandantagchenlin again acts in direct appointment; 150 monks live here, and the most important shrine is the 26-meter statue of Bodhisatatvia Avalokiteshwara, created at the beginning of the twentieth century as a symbol of independence of Mongolia. It was used for it 45 kg of gold and 56 kg of silver, it was inlaid by 2286 precious stones and covered with gold gold.
The palace in which the last ruler of Mongolia Bogdoyan VIII has been working as a museum since 1924. Complex building at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries, includes winter and summertime residences. In addition to the unique architecture, the palace is interesting as a meeting of works of art — sculptures, paintings and other valuable gifts that Goggy.
Ulan-Bator can not be considered only within the city feature: the four peaks surrounding it, corresponding to the four sides of the world, are considered sacred. At the same time, the highest of them, 2256-meter Bogd Khan-Wool, is associated with the name of Genghis Khan. It is believed that the foot of the Mountain Great Communion spent the winter 1225–1226, gaining strength before going to Tangutov. Legends also say that he hid his weapons and treasures here and, apparently, for this reason, forbidden to cut the forest on the mountain and hunt. The heritage of Genghis Khan was not found, but the mountain from those old days remains a reserve.
A number of modern attractions of the Ulan Batator illustrate the Memorial Zaisan (1971–1979), built to the 50th anniversary of the events on Halchin-goal and symbolizing Soviet-Mongolian friendship. The hill offers a beautiful view of the city and the valley of the Tola River, and the AIRPANO panoramas allow you to view the Ulan Bator from the height without leaving the house!