How to turn jeans in dress
Reduce world water consumption, minimize harmful emissions into the atmosphere and reduce the use of chemicals in production. Along the way, turning pants to elegant … You know what. Sounds like another election promise? Did not guessed. Our Scandinavian neighbors have found a way to implement all these ideas. Fortunately, the way to hide the way did not become, but told about it readers "My Planet".
Second Hand and Second Life
In the Wiking Country, such a phenomenon is very popular. Every year, local creative heads come up with something like "Gift of the Year" for Christmas. End of 2018 I remember the shops not only "Black Friday". Swedes, famous for their love for a separate collection of garbage and the careful use of resources, came delight from the idea of giving second-hand. Souvenirs from recycled raw materials, clothes from the 80s, scarf scroll from last year’s match – everything was in cash. And the popularity of local commissions increased at times.
We looked at the scenes of one of these stores, externally resembling a fashion boutique. Volunteers work on its warehouse. For labor, they do not receive money, but all the profits from their activities are in support of starving Africa. Things that go to the store sort: one sell, another is sent to the processing centers. There they acquire "life" after "death".
The very idea of ricekling, of course, not Nova. But if earlier we could maximize or get pure energy from the old book, or turn plastic bottles in polyester fibers, until recently there was a reliable method of cotton processing. But it is he who meets in almost every thing we carry. Yes, and worked mainly only with raw cotton. That is, it was impossible to take an old T-shirt, spread it in the car and get a material for a new skirt.
This recipe was invented long. Method Close Fashion Loop by making a cyclical fashion, found the same Swedes.
Fashion and ecology
Fashion industry produces about 90 million textiles per year. In order to get 1 kg of cotton, it takes 3000 liters of water, 1 kg of chemicals and 16 kg of carbon dioxide. At the same time, it is formed by the shelter of harmful pasl. This is the second largest polluting industry after refining. If we consider that the population of the planet will soon reach 8 billion people and most of them are not against self-expression through clothes … plus today only 1% of "fashionable" waste is processed into new textile fibers. The conclusion about the dangers and benefits suggests itself. "It would be nice to use already available resources instead of mastering new!"Decided Northerne.
How to make an industry more environmentally friendly, Local Research Group Re: NEWCELL Challenged six years ago. Experts began to look for a way that would help decompose the pulp contained in cotton fabrics. The idea was to obtain a soluble pulp, which could be subsequently turned into new fibers.
Laboratory studies have ended in the fact that in 2014 scientists have created the world’s first clothes made from fully chemically recycled cotton. So, blue jeans turned into a yellow dress. In 2019, this innovation was brought to perfection. New fibers – new yarn – new fabrics. For new clothes, which can be worn with a clean conscience. This means all those bonuses for the ecology, which we spoke at the beginning of the article.
Checking how it works, and protecting your idea, innovators launched a cotton processing plant in the town of Christinehamn. It became possible to produce 7000 tons of cellulose per year. Translated into a trendy language, this means the manufacture of about 30 million T-shirts from secondary materials.
How it works: technology
Innovation is to separate natural fibers from synthetic, turning the resulting mass into a new matter. The quality at the same time is 100% saved!
Step 1. Tons of textiles come to the factory. First sort it, studying the composition.
Step 2. After things are crushed and sent to the conveyor. He crumbs and shortens the fabric, along the way, removing buttons and other unnecessary details.
Step 3. Then this wet mass is passed through the chemical composition, which fully discolores it. No jeans, even the most resistant, do not withstand such a pressure. The process continues until the output is completely white messenger. This is already a biologically clean product.
Step 4. The next stage looks like a separation of fibers. Cellulose is added to them. At this stage, the former pants look like white sheets of thick paper.
Step 5. After that, the chemical stage is completed and the drying of raw materials occurs.
Step 6. Next – nothing. The dried material can be packed in bales and send straight to a spinning factory for the production of new yarns.
What to do with an unnecessary thing?
Ricecling mixed materials that contain both natural, and synthetic fibers, is one of the most difficult tasks for processing companies. However, new technologies will finally do. Looking into the future, our northern neighbors offer to the whole world to completely change the way of producing tissues using the recycling. And also recommend everyone to think about what is happening with clothes after the expiration date.
We used to throw it into a trash. But you can give things to collection centers (for example, "good things" in Moscow and "Thank you" in St. Petersburg). From there they will be transferred to those in need or will be sent to our recycling centers. In such centers, you can take something for yourself, how many Europeans do, not only without embarrassed, but experiencing pride for their decision to reduce consumption. Some large stores also have containers for receiving unnecessary outfits.
Specialists advise us to give preference to natural tissues. Plus, Caring for clothes, renew the term of her socks. And you can not throw away, but to repair spoiled things. Or rent them. Well, often look in second-hand. After all, it is now, according to the researchers, it is time to supplement the phenomenon of fast fashion with the concept of "sustainable". This not only does not waste the wallet, but also cleaner karma. At the same time, we do not have to compromise between self-expression and ecology.