How to make an island
Many artificially created, many consider something very modern, and meanwhile in prehistoric Ireland and Scotland, Mexico and Micronesia have already had small bulk areas of sushi – for ritual and religious goals. Over time, the island has become a way to expand the city or country (and often and the only opportunity to acquire real estate) and removal of unpleasant enterprises (such as garbage processing and oil platform) from citizens. The main principle of building the island – bulk, but happen and completely unusual: for example, from garbage or from plastic bottles.
Island-dump: Tilafushi, Maldives
Square: 430 m²
Population: 1000 people
Time required for construction: 20 years
At the Maldives, the issue of free space is quite acute, so when the capital of Male took place under the city dump, it was immediately found, but not on the island, but in the ocean. Garbage Male (and at the same time of the other resorts) developed into special containers, which were then buried in the sand in the shallow water of Tilafushi. So the first artificial island appeared in the world, the entire waste created, which is now growing at 1 sq. m per day. Emigrants live and work on it.
Personal Island: Spiral, Mexico
Square: 34 m²
Population: 1 person
Number of building material: 250,000 plastic bottles
British Eccentric Richard Owl always dreamed of his own island in the ocean, but did not have money for such an acquisition. Then he built an artificial one, and the plastic bottles were chosen as a building material, which are tied to the base of the island and give it the opportunity to swim where it wanted, and throw anchor in the right place. Despite the fact that the island is completely tiny and, it would seem unreliable (it was the storm once), it has vegetation (having and practical application – it gives a shadow) and housing with power supply from solar panels. Owl talked for such islands and collected money to the Kickstarter to build "useful art objects", but, alas, he had nothing.
Century Island: Harbor, Seattle
Square: 1.4 km²
Number of building material: 18 million cubic meters. m land
The building was launched in 1909, and when three years later, it was completed, it became at the time the largest artificial island in the world. On Harbor, as soon as he was ready, began to build research institutes, warehouses and workshops, and now the port of the port and the stadium. Earth for fusion was taken from ordinary Seattle streets and from the bottom of the river Duvamis. And although no problem with the island has not yet arose, the bridge connecting it with the city, yet built it so that he stands for all his weight not on Harbor, but in the water on piles.
The most expensive island: Palm-Jumeira, UAE
Square: 25 km²
Population: 30,000 people
Number of building material: 94 million cubic meters. m lands, 7 million tons stone
Price: $ 12 billion
The most ambitious project in the history of artificial islands has become one of the most successful: the island (or rather, the archipelago) is an unusual form – in the form of a palm tree that covers the crescent top. It turns out that some parts of the island seem to be separated from each other with water, but under the ground they connect to the tunnel, and with the land – three-hundred-mending suspension bridge. On the territory there is a monorail, eight-way highway, 28 hotels and 4500 houses – in short, all that is necessary for life. At the same time, not only the island, but also adjacent territory: two old unnecessary fighters were flooded in the bay, who became an artificial reef. There are 28 dolphins there, so that those please. However, skeptics argue that the islands still fall into the ocean on average for 5 mm.
Island for foreigners: Amvage, Bahrain
Square: 2790 km²
Population: 30,000 people
Time required for construction: 11 years
Price: $ 1.5 billion
AMVAZH – the only place in Bahrain, where foreigners are allowed to have private property, in fact, in many respects for this island and were built. To all of the time, the amuvage solves the problem of a beautiful dear real estate emerging windows into the water to which demand in the country is great, and with a proposal before construction there were problems (but now every house has a parking lot for the yacht). During construction, new technologies were used: for example, vacuum sewage, geety and others. Islands are already operating with might and main, but to the end the project is not completed: at home and other infrastructure are still built.
The largest island: Flevoland, Netherlands
Square: 970 km²
Population: 394 758 people
Time required for construction: 13 years
Dutch love to repeat an old school: "The Lord created the Earth, and the Dutch – the Netherlands". However, it is – it is here that the largest artificial island in the world is. Island Flevoland – Actually, this is a whole Dutch province – it is interesting primarily because for its construction it was necessary not to pour the land or bury the garbage, but, on the contrary, to dry the lake. Powerful pumps are constantly working on the province, which protect Earth from flooding.