Florence – Open-air Museum
The one who goes to Florence is not knowing anything, although only knowing only the superficially great work of Dante, will not receive the main charm that this famous city can offer.
Because Florence is filled with the memory of the great poet. It seems that his spirit never left the city that the language that was created and enlarged by them is still used and that the memories of it are alive in the memory of Florentine, our contemporaries, despite the tremendous period of time in five and a century, which separates us from the date of his death. In fact, few people lived and live with a sense of humanity, like this extraordinary singer of pain and high desires of our spirit; Few won how he is, this is a time dedication for which his poetry cannot be aware of nor his poems can fading. His portrait written by Jotto, we present to Dante with Lilia in hand. This flower is designed to symbolize the eternal freshness of his poetic fiction, the depth of humanity and therefore eternity.
Rubbrozh XI and XII centuries in any other country passed, leaving the historical shadows that did not allow to learn good creations and people. But in this dull period, Italy possessed such elements of culture compared to other European countries, that Dante’s life is familiar to us even with scrupulous accuracy, as the life and actions of people who lived in the XV century. This clarity seems to reduce the distance in time that the figure approaches us and can see it in all its relief.
In Florence, at one of her central streets, a house was preserved in which the poet was born. Different exhibits are exhibited inside it, some of them are authentic, others reveal the exact tendency to use Dante’s memory, how the religious faith is used in famous pilgrimage places. The ashes of the Great Poet is not in his homeland, as it is known that Dante died in Ravena and that he was buried there. But the Church of Santa Croce exhibits the monument of the author in his magnificent gallery of graduate monuments "Divine Comedy", An important tomb in which only absent is to suggest respect, the remains of a person who is dedicated to. This is a beautiful daughrantee without a victim. On the square near the church, the monumental statue of the Great Man, the most beautiful and causing great interest. At various points of the city there are other memories of Dante, such as, for example, a stone called Sasso Di Dante, opposite the cathedral, where Dante sat in the evenings in the company of their friends.
There are three immortal songs of the poem around the world, in which the Great Florentic joined all the divine and all human, all knowledge of this era. Hell according to his dramatic character and to a well-known historical point, the most reading part of this day from three parts of this wonderful work. But in purgatory, perhaps where he shines with the greatest brilliance of the poet and where the most perfect harmony seems, its moral and intellectual nature. Nothing more beautiful in this poem, as a feeling of reality that trembles in all his songs. Does not exist in this unmatched work of empty words, poetic skill is unusual, which is barely noticeable. From so many existing in nature, Dante with delightful selection draws one person. Man is his only theme. From his point of view, passion is an ideological feeling. Cases of nature that gave material to poets of all time, barely deserve a quick look of any higher talent, which is alone like to manifest itself in great plans. From here there is a moderation of such a great poem that covers the whole moral world in a short period.
It can be said that Dante created a delightful language that became the glory of the Italian Peninsula.
Dante was a soldier in his youth, he loved only one Beatrice Parnari and idealized her in his verses, making it the figure of heaven, worthy of dwelling among the saints. This love, so unusual and clean, did not prevent the poet to marry Jelina De Donati, from which he had seven children. Dante leaves his homeland. He is looking for his happiness svar first in Verona, and then in Raveno, where he died in 56 years.
Galilee is also buried in Santa Croce. Happy land that has seen such extraordinary people in art, in politics, in science. Michelangelo, Dante, Galilee, McCavelly. Enough of these names to illustrate the whole of Europe, and Florence has the honor to call them with their children.
Galilee, however, was not Florentine. He was born in Pisa, where a course of study was held at the university and then he taught physics and mathematics. The famous oblique tower served him for his experiments falling. Then he served as a teacher in Padua for 20 years and, finally, moved to Florence, where he lived a greater and better part of his life. There and in Rome Galilee suffered from persecution that he was perpetuated as well as his discoveries. He died in the village in the vicinity of Florence. Strange thing! January 9, 1642, a day, when Galilei died, Newton was born.
Florentine Pantheon also guards the remains of the poet Alfiera and the ashes of his girlfriend – Countess Albali; The ashes of the poet modernist Io Fedi, the remains of Engraver Morgen, the ashes of Micheli Physics, the ashes of the architect Alberti, the remains of Arestilo, contained in the beautiful tomb of the Renaissance era, ashes of the composer Cherubini and posture of many other less famous. Based on this, Santa Croce is a real museum that is worthy of much attention, but Florence is so rich in excellent works of art that frescoes, statues and slender altars and amms that adorn the churches that travelers inspect them at the end, however, with contempt, fatigue eye and spirit.
The facades of Santa Croce and Duomo demonstrate such an extraordinary image of the Toskans, who defended the stroke architecture (Gothic), distorting it and adapting it to his temper and artistic tradition. This is a hybrid art that has their father spiritualism and his mother – the pagan mind, this is what characterizes this country in religious buildings, since in Palants there is an indisputable feature of a strict style and inspired rudeness in military architecture. Her churches are decorated with white and black marble combined. With female softness, creating a drinking and decorative gothic, which does not give us the impression of mysticism and mysticism churches of the North. On the contrary, the palaces were built of dark stone, compact, lines are very modest, combining power with elegance.
It is impossible to leave Florence without rising to San Miniato Al Monte. The cemetery next to the church is very interesting, and the church itself, which serves as a tomb of the aristocratic families of the city, deserves visits. Her architecture, restored with a great understanding, offers more material, perhaps than the interiors Duomo and Santa Croce to explore the Tuscan style of the Middle Ages. Near the San Miniato along the entire length of the winding street Viale Dei Colli, there is a huge panorama of the surroundings of the city and the city itself, Panorama, which, no doubt, is one of the most beautiful in Italy. Well cultivated plain spreads on the shores of Arno, bordering the hills covered with the greens of olive groves and cypresses.
Landscape is beautiful from this elevation, but awesome. There is a sweet melancholy, which encourages reflections, which wakes wishes to repent. Sad and neat landscape, which serves as a background of paintings of all Florentine artists of the XV century.
Groups of high and slender cypresses give him an immeasurable garden aspect, designed for necropolis, in which each plant decorates the grave. This is a landscape that can be said that it has something religious and the parade, promotional, perhaps this effect of memories of unusual, incidents in such a great and brilliant atmosphere. FURTE VIDE PIESEL, the place hidden among the thick vegetation, the once residence of the waters and the dreamer Fra Angeliko.