Find yourself in beer
In long walnings in London, you will definitely be attended by a crazy thought in the spirit of Heroes Woodhouse, which looks like this: "And it would be nice to be mixed with the crowd and become one of these eccentric British". Do not oppose this will. Just go B "brothel". However, no, still it will be correct to send you to "Public house". After all, the word "a pub", which the whole world calls the famous British peteed establishments, there is nothing but a reduction from Public House – so in the strict Victorian era called popular beer, or elhauses.
Under the branch of ivy
Among 70,000 pubs at the expanses of Britain of applicants for the honorary title of the oldest not consider. But the most preferred chances of winning this historical competition at the institution "Journey to Jerusalem", Conditioned in a rock under the walls of the Nottingham Castle. This Pub turned out to be eight centuries, and on the legend it was in his walls that noble knights stayed in their crusons for distant Palestine.
But, strictly speaking, the first mention of such petees belongs to 745. Then the Archbishop of York Strict-Pockery forbade the priests to eat, and most importantly, drink in the pubs. After all, they drank there is nothing more than a black el – drink cooked from barley, water and yeast. And where to go? In those glorious years, it was El who was the most popular threaters of the sorrows and the thirst for all residents of the Great Island. Then El was sweet and distinguished by the fastener, but quickly sacchal. For the production of good angle required non-cubized knowledge and skills. Therefore, families who discovered the secret of cooking "Cheerful bread", certainly invited to a circle-other fearful drink of all friends and relatives. Guests poured the shaft, and in the end it was decided to take from each small MZD.
So Elhaus appeared spontaneously appeared, and their number in the country began to grow as on yeast. And grew until the Kent King Eitelbert was forced to publish a decree that limited the number of points trading. Denote by the same "Corners of public joy" It was not done at all with a board with an inscription "El" (Since few peasants rose to literacy heights), and the sixth, topped with a coniferous branch or a snake of ivy. Only at the end of the XIV century, the King Richard II broke this tradition, which commanded replaced green imposition of signs. Thus, he made a vivid contribution to the decoration of British cities and weighing. The rulers of the British Islands generally sought to leave their name in the annals of pub culture – as if they suspected that over the centuries, the Pub will turn into one of the main attractions of England. However, the times happened when the rulers of the country began to disturb the irrepressible passion of the Britt to the foam drink. For example, during the Civil War of 1642, which broke out between the parliament and the king, Puritan declared pubs with the source of all the troubles in the kingdom and – no, they did not closed them, but only the edge lived with a huge tax. Cavalers (supporters of the King), and round-headed (supporters of parliament). Well, the long-suffering pubs only changed the names: if the top of the cavallers, the pub was called "Head of the King", And if the roundheads, the signage immediately changed to "Horsepower". To this day, many pubs are pretty strange names, which are echoes of those long-time events.
Blood Ale or Bucket
Visiting a pub in London – as an indispensable ritual for a self-respecting tourist, how to see the shift of the Karaul’s shift at the Buckingham Palace. Therefore, first, at 11.30 in the morning, admire the statutory guardsmen. According to them, by the way, you can learn about whether the queen is in the palace. If Elizabeth II at home, Kaoul consists of three officers and forty guardsmen. If the main house of Britain is empty – the guards will be only thirty-one. Recaling the guardsmen, go to search "of this British pub" or just like a signboard.
The path of the amateur of bohemian entertainment lies in the District of Soho, which has long been inhabited by artists, writers and musicians. Pubs use the greatest popularity among them "Coach and horses" At the intersection of OLD COMPTON and ROMILLY STREET. And if you want to feel the cozy atmosphere of an old pub, then in "Old Cheshire Cheese", leading your story since 1667, you will certainly tell and show, for what table I was sitting here Charles Dickens and in which room I loved to take the scoopan guest Mark Twain. V "SPANYARDS INN" ("Strength courtyard of Spaniards") still alive memories of dashing times. Having put a black Bess horse in a tavern stall, here, here, behind the alert Ale, rested from the dick deeds Dick Terepin – the famous robber, who was a horror of Londoners in the XVIII century. In the bar wearing the name of the knight of the big road, hang two guns. They decorate the bar from 17d to the year, when the courage of the pub washed and disarmed the rebel who were in Hampeed with a solid intention to burn the estate of the Lord Chancellor. The battle history of the pub attracted not only the robbers, but also poets: among his regulars, Shelly, Kitts, and even Lord Byron, were listed. But on another servant of the music, the poet John Dryden, not far from the old pub "Lamb and flag" In 1679, an attack was committed – in retaliation for bold verses, in which the advantages of the duchess of Portsmouth, one of the mistresses of Charles II. Perhaps that is why one time pub was quite sinister – "Bucket blood"- But pretty with you bloody stories, pub is not the place where the glooms should be indulge.
How to find the perfect pub and what to do in it
For a resident of a foggy Albion Pub not just a Kabak, but rather a club for interests where he carries his joys and sadness, where it meets with friends and business negotiations. In the second polo, the fault of the XX century pubs even turned into a corner of a family holiday.
But no matter how much life changed, the inner decoration of the present pub and its atmosphere remain unchanged. Modern pub is a small cozy room with several tables and an indispensable wooden rack, stubborn with colored beer pumps or chrome-plated cranes. Mandatory PAB attributes – kept chalk-menu and target for playing darts (in the pubs throw darts from the XVI century, they say that still the fettes of Pilgrims took the soul for this game). In many beers there "Public stand", Behind which most visitors drink, and a bar-salon where you can see carpets, mirrors and other luxury signs. If you stay in the cabin, prices for drinks will be slightly higher. But do not be afraid to get to come: the law requires that in all pubs of the price list be exhibited in the most prominent place.
Having arranged for a free table, you should not wait for the appearance of the waiter – self-service is accepted in pubs. A curious patient record recorded a group of Italian tourists in a pub, faced the waiter E9 minutes. Do not try to order in a pub just "Beer", Even if the pride of your vocabulary is the phrase: TWO BEER OR NOT TWO BEER. The waiter may not understand you or pretend that it does not understand. If you are a novice and one did not have time to decide on the choice of brand of beer, then know that they drink in pubs "lager" (Light varieties), "stout" (Dark varieties) and, of course, the good old El. This drink must be ordered in England, unless, of course, you do not get drown from the type and taste of this "Living", unpasteurized, frantic drink. Meticulous bartender may also ask what kind of hop grade and which package you prefer. If you do not specify the latter, you put Pintu (0.568 liters), but you can order and half off.
In the pub one should not count on a rich food, since the tradition of the food here is quite simple. It is famous "Fish end chips"- Fish fillet in a cat with potatoes fries, "Breakfast Pahar" – Dish from cheese and local pickles with a huge scramble, "Pasher Pie" – Potato pudding with ram stuffing and baked with butter and seasonings "Potato in uniform". Exactly 22.00 In the peaceful Pub, the owner is heard: "Time, gentlemen". This means that there are 20 minutes left at your disposal to round up with food and drinks. Well, the next day you can safely go to another pub. Or return to the one where you have already managed to feel the Englishman.