Venezuela Cities: Caracas
The noisy capital of Venezuela, Multimillion Caracas, lies at an altitude of about 1000 m, in a picturesque valley on the northern coast of the country. The city was founded by the captain of Diego de Lozada in 1567 and was originally the name of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, which was composed of the names of the saint patron of Spain – Santiago, Governor Pedro Ponne de Leon and the names of the Indian tribal group inhabited by these Earth – "Caracas". The city was quite successful – from the sea he was reliably protected from Pirate attacks by the mountains of El Avila, there were a great many rivers and streams around, and relatively cool climates and rich soils allowed to immediately deploy the cultivation of cocoa beans. In 1577, Caracas becomes the capital of the surrounding province and continues to grow violently, even despite the attack of British pirates in 1595 and destructive earthquakes 1755 and 1812. However, the metropolis was not very interested in Venezuela itself, in which neither gold, nor silver was found, so Caracas never approached the grandeur and colonial brilliance, characteristic of other Latin American cities like Lima, Potosi, Bogota or Santo Domingo. but "Oil boom" The end of the XX century caused the unprecedented growth of the city – many old quarters changed modern areas of skyscrapers, and narrow streets turned into typical countries for the countries of the region "Avenida" and "Calhe". Today it is a very dynamic and modern city, inhabited by almost six million people, that is, almost a quarter of all residents of Venezuela, as well as the largest political and economic center of the country.
Most cultural and architectural attractions of Caracas are concentrated in the old part of the city, which El-Centro here is here. The surrounding Plaza-Bolivar region is replete with historical monuments – the Karakas Museum of the Karakas Museum is located on the south side of the square, on the first floor of which Konchekho Municipal (Municipal Council) is located. The collection of the museum includes numerous paintings and documents related to the struggle for independence and other significant events of the past. On the east side of the square, a colorful colonial cathedral is towers – Cedral de Caracas (built in 1575 g, restored in 1666 g after an earthquake 1641 g). Pretty modest, compared to the cathedrals of most other Latin American capitals, Cedral de Caracas reflects the relatively small value of the city and the country for the Spanish crown, and the parents of Simon Bolivar and his wife are buried, which makes this place attractive for pilgrimage. South Cathedral, in the former building of the Women’s Monastery, is Musseo-Sacro-de-Caracas (WWW.Cibernetic.COM / SACRO) with an extensive assembly of religious art items. Also nearby are residence of Archbishop Venezuela and MD Country Building – Casa Amaryilla.
In total in the quarter, southeast of Plaza Bolivar, you can find Casa-Natal-de-Simon-Bolivar – a large house of the colonial style (1680 g, restored after the earthquake in the middle of the XVIII century), in which the house-museum is located "El Libertador" (so most of the peoples of South America are called Bolivar, who spent their childhood in this house). And in five quarters north of Plaza Bolivar is Pantheon-Naconal, where he is buried. In total, in two quarters, the Al-Capitolio-Naconal (1873 g) complex (1873 g), which meets the parliament of the country (inside there is a small gallery of all presidents of the country). Right opposite the most recognizable church of the city – Iglesia de San Francisco (XVI in, one of the oldest churches of Venezuela). The fancy interior of the church contrasts sharply with her neoclassical facade, which was reconstructed in the XVIII century, but his fame of Iglesia de San Francisco received as a place where in 1813 Bolivar was declared "liberator". Now the church and her altar San-Onofre serve as a real place of pilgrimage. Also within the central part of the city, around Plaza Morelos, which is often called "Square museums", Located Museum of Contemporary Art, Museum of Colonial Art and Museum of Transport.
The long strip of the Park-Sentral region is filled with hundreds of street vendors offering all the thoughtful assortment of goods, from medicinal herbs to CDs. This is the most easily found part of the city thanks "Glasses" Twin Testers Bellas-Artes – the oldest artistic museum of the Venezuelan capital (WWW.MuseodeBellasartes.ORG). The quarter is east of the entrance to Park Los Caurus, in which three museums are located and two cultural center – National Gallery (WWW.WTFE.COM / GAN), Natural Science Museum, Terrescoine Theater (WWW.Teatroterasacarreno.COM, the third largest theater in Latin America and the sixth in the world), Musseo del Art-Contemporeneo (WWW.maccsi.Org.VE, work of Venezuelan and foreign artists) and Musseo de Los Niños (a very extensive children’s museum).
The Negotic Church of Santa Capilla (XIX C), the Monumental Palace of Palace de Miraflor, the Colonial District of Petares, the noisy night districts of Las Mercedes, El Ralaz, La Floresta and La Castelian, as well as the largest and most Modern South America racetrack – La Rinconada.
Reviews and studies of trips
Caracas. City where gasoline is 100 times cheaper
We did not take our car. Us to the hostel VIZE Local driver. Before our eyes, he refrain the full tank of gasoline (about 50 liters) for (attention!) 10 rubles in terms of our money. Read more →