Cities that gave their names
We regularly pronounce foreign words: brandy, mayonnaise, swag, champagne, cologne, Tulle, Bologna, and others. – But extremely rarely thinking about their origin. Meanwhile, for each of these words, a concrete geographical name is hiding – the city, valley, cave. Today we will tell about a dozen places on the world map, whose names turned from their own to the nine.
Bologna, Tulle and Kashmir
The names of three types of fabric were formed from their own names of three cities. In Bologna, the synthetic casing fabric Bologna: It was brought to Russia from Italy in the early 1960s. Tulle got a name from the city of Tulle in the south-west of France, where this light mesh cloth was produced first. And Cashmere borrowed the name of Kashmir – the mountainous region in the Himalayas, which the India and Pakistan challenges each other more than half a century. It is in this region that mountain goats graze, the downs of which are called Cashmere.
The name of the city of Cologne gave the name of popular spirits – cologne: Translated from French Eau de Cologne means "Water from Cologne". The fragrance was invented by the Italian Johann Maria Farina on the occasion of the founding of manufactory in 1709 and reminded the creator about the spring morning in Italy after the rain, about fruits, colors and herds of his homeland. Soon, cologne became hit No. 1 in all royal people in Europe, they used our kings, including Catherine II, Alexander I, members of the Romanov dynasty. Of course, the original cologne differs from Soviet, which was sold in pharmacies in the era of the dry law. "Water from Cologne" is still produced on the old manuff of Farin in Cologne: the heirs have retained the recipe and patented the trademark Eau de Cologne. The Museum of Spirits is also opened in the House of Farns: there you will learn that the cologne contributed to the inspiration of Voltaire, Goethe, Mozart, Gogol, Tolstoy, and many other curious facts.
The name of the resort French town in Lorraine gave the life of the our Word "Flome". According to the legend, the French cook came up with the dessert at the end of the 18th century: mixed milk, eggs, cream with sugar fruit and hit in a cold form (during times, when there were no refrigerators, ice was used to cool the products, it was used yet in winter and stored in the cellars). In 1847, Napoleon III was treated with ice cream on this recipe and his retinue. The glory of the French delicacy reached Russia, and the word "swamp" came with him. The city of Swombier-les-Ben himself does not claim to be the birth of the Motherland of ice cream, but remains a healing resort with thermal sources: here you straightened the health of Voltaire, Bonaemche, Goya, Napoleon Bonaparte, Louis XV and Louis Philipp i.
In the oldest of the historic capitals of the Morocco – the city of Fez – from the times of the Ottoman Empire, they produced and sold hats in the form of a round high hat with a brush at the top. In our, she was named by the name of the city – Fesca. Feski appeared in Byzantium and are characteristic of many North African countries. Since 1826, FESKA has become the official headdress of Ottoman officials and soldiers, replacing an outdated turban. In Turkey, since the 1920s, the fresco is prohibited as a relic of the past, a fine is relying for her wearing. But in Fez, the fez can be worn completely free.
The Italian city of Bologna presented her name four-legged bologna. Initially so called only one breed of dogs with silky white wool, divorced in Bologna. But over time, Bologna became a numerous name for all small decorative dogs of this type.
A small town on the Sharanta River – Motherland of the same beverage. Cognac – the original French drink – produced only in this region from the local grapes of Ugon Blanc (90%) on a strictly defined technology, and by law no other drinks have the right to wear the name of the city (all the analogs of Nephrantsuz production are called Brandy). The first wines of Cognac tasked Dutch merchants: they came to the port town from the XI century for salt and at the same time hung wine barrels from local vineyards. However, the drink spoiled quickly, and the Dutch came up with the distillation technology, which allowed the blame to be kept longer. Now in brandy about 600 cognac houses.
Champagne wine region 160 km from Paris became famous for the Middle Ages due to Pope Urban II, a native of Champagne, who proclaimed wine from the town of Ai the best in the world. In the future, the members of the royal family were sought to have vineyards in champags, and the Parisians called the local wines with the rivers and mountains. Region Champagne For many years I rolled with Burgundy. Winemakers from both regions were extracted by poets, doctors, playwrights, doctors, so that they exalt the wines from one region and swaging competitors. Monarch Louis XIV Most of life The doctor recommended champagne wines for health, however, to the old age, a new doctor who wanted to shift the previous one, tied all the diseases of the king with the use of champagne and recommended only Burgundian wines. Similar goats and protracted wine battles, as well as an excellent taste of champagne, provided a drink world fame – the name of the region became a nominal.