Switzerland City: Lucerne
Luzerne (Luzern, Lucerne) – the main city of the central part of Switzerland. Arounded in the VII century on the site of the Bennedkintse Monastery of St. Leodgar-Im-Hoff, it is located on the northern shore of Lake Cirovaldstater and rightfully belongs to the number of the most beautiful cities of the country.
Sights of Lucerne
Almost any tour of Lucerne starts from the picturesque bridge of Kapellbruck (KapellBrucke, 1333 – the oldest acting wooden bridge of Europe), connecting the old town and the town hall, through the octagonal river Tower Wasserurm (Lighthouse of the XIII century, then prison and treasury, and today – a prayer house), with "New" Quarters. The bridge strongly affected in the 1993 fire is now actively reconstructed, but its famous carved panels burned pretty much.
- Bridge Kapelbrücke and Tower Wasserurm
- Center Lucerne
- Yesuitenkirche, Lucerne
- Embankment of Lucerne Lake
The most atmospheric group of medieval buildings Old Town Compactly located on the north banks of the Royce River (Reuss, on the old our cards – reiss), between the cobbled areas of Muhlenplatz, Weinmarkt, Hirschenplatz and Kornmarkt, surrounded by colorful medieval facades. Near the prevalent strengthening of Kapelbrücke is tiny Church of Sanct-Peterskapel, Built in the XVIII century on a temple site dating from 1178 year. Just 150 meters to the West lies Kornmarkt – Former medieval public market. It is here that huge urban Town Hall (Rathaus), built in 1606 in the style of Italian Renaissance, but crowned with the characteristic roof locally style "Emmentler". The market atmosphere still reigns in these quarters with their public markets (every Tuesday and Saturday in the morning). And then west along the street Kornmarktgasse you can go to the atmospheric quarter and square Weinmarkt, At which in the late Middle Ages, various religious ceremonies were held.
The quarters of the Old City extend to the southern shore of the Royce, forming a triangular region, known as Clanstadt (Kleinstadt). Once she was all surrounded by a fortress wall and was a peculiar outpressure of alfalfa facing south. At UNTER DER EGG rises a huge complex Church Yazheitenkirhe, dominant over coastal stripe. Finished in 1673, it is known for its amazing rococo style interior, which is a kind of mixture of gilded plaster and marble. Among the numerous frescoes, one ceiling was preserved, on which this church itself is depicted as it was 300 years ago.
- Embankment River Royce, Lucerne
- Church of Hofkirhe, Lucerne
- Scenic Lucerne
- Dying Lion, Lucerne
Literally a few steps in the west rise Knight’s palace, Built in 1557 in the style of the Florentine Renaissance as a private mansion, and now the residence of the Cantonal government of Lucerne. Behind him and a little south is unusually richly decorated Church of Franciscricnerkirche – The oldest building in the city, dating from 1270, was subsequently restored). And then on the west of peaceful street Pfistergasse smoothly bends and dismisses to the coming zigzag Bridge SpreumberBrucke (this is the oldest indoor bridge on the continent – it was built in 1408) and the medieval urban arsenal (XVI in.) in which now is located Historical Museum of Lucerne (www.Hmluzern.ch).
Lucerne’s business card is considered monument "Dying Lev" (Das L&# 246; WENDENKMAL, 1821.) Danish Sculptor Torvaldsen. It was carved right in the rocky array over the water in memory of the 700 Swiss guardsmen who died during the storming of the refractory crowd of the French Royal Palace of Tuileries in 1792. Mark Twain called this monument near the little Square Lowenplatz the sadest and most touching stone sculpture in the world, and since then he has always attracted the attention of thousands of guests of the city.
Big Church Hofkirhe It is located on the spot of the first monastery of Lucerne and is often called citizens of Hofshele, then St. Leodgar-I-Saint-Maurice – in honor of the monastery itself, once crowned this small hill over the banks of the river. The initial Romanesque church of the end of the XII century burned down the ground on the first day of Easter 1633, only two twin towers were survived, adorning the Renaissance Fronton Temple. Since the XVII century, most of the interiors have been preserved, which is quite rare for Swiss churches undergoing numerous alterations after the reformation period. Opposite the northern walls rose decorated with unique frescoes (approximately 1500 – the only fragment of the inner decoration, surviving the fire of 1633) the choir and the department of the preacher, and near the magnificent organ on 2826 pipes. It is designed and made so skillfully, which is capable of imitating even the sound of rain and thunder, not to mention the flawless sound. And around the church, the territory of the former monastery with a very picturesque cemetery, on which the most influential citizens of the last five centuries rest (open from Saturday to Thursday from 10.00 to 12.00 and from 14.00 to 17.00, input is free).
Fastener Wall Meshlegmaauer (1350-1408.) It stretches on the tops of the hills around the old quarters. Unlike many other cities in the country, here medieval walls were not destroyed, and retained as a monument of history, and now all 870 meters of their length and 9 towers (one of which is decorated with well-known "Feeding clock", And three more – Schirmer, ZYT and M&# 228; NNLI – open to visit), are regularly used as an entourage for all sorts of filming. Also worth a visit Church of St. Charles, See adorns almost every building in the old part of the city numerous frontal bas-reliefs and frescoes, stroll through charming wooden bridges or picturesque squares with traditional fountains.
Museums of Lucerne
In the city a huge number of all kinds of museums and meetings. Almost on the shore of the lake, close to the railway station, is the pride of alfalfa – multifunctional Center for Culture and Congresses (KKL) (www.KKL-Luzern.ch). This modernist complex, built in 1999 on the draft Jean Nouvelia, has absorbed all the latest achievements in the field of design and organization of public events. And its unusual design with a huge console roof, as if swimming over the surrounding reservoirs, serves as a model for imitating other architectural structures. Congress Center with Restaurant Focused here, Museum of Art (Kunstmuseum), small Luzernersaal concert hall with terrace and huge Konzertsaal (one of the most modern acoustic complexes of the planet), as well as many auxiliary institutions and sites.
- Center for Culture and Congresses (KKL)
- Lucerne’s pride – transport museum
- Museum of Transport in Lucerne
Must be visited unique Museum of Transportation (www.Verkehrshaus.ORG), which is considered the most interesting in the world and certainly – the largest in Europe, nearby Museum of Hans Ernie (www.Hanserni.CH, Local artist of the 20th century, considered a classic of romanticism), Sammlung Rosengart Museum (more than 200 key artistic works of the 20th century, collected more than forty years by the workshop of art by Siegfried Rosengart and his daughter Angela, WWW.Rosengart.ch), Museum of national costumes, Local Lore Museum of Utenberg, Museum Picasso, Museum of Richard Wagner (www.Richard-Wagner-Museum.CH) in the villa at Cape Tribanche (here the great composer lived from 1866 to 1872), as well as Ice Palace In the Gutchchergarden garden – the geological phenomenon, preserved since the time of the ice age.
Tourists should rise to the mountain viewing area Pilatus (2132 m) with excellent restaurant or relax in any of the modern resort complexes on the coast of the lake.
The focus of the holiday life on the shore of the lake is considered to be the towns of Veggis, Gruppen (Greppen), Fitsnau and Lying Lake Lake Zugger-Ze.
Tourist office Lucerne
Lucerne’s tourist office is located at Zentralstrasse, 5 (bodies. +41 (0) 41 227-17-17) and is able to provide the most diverse information on the history and culture of the city and the surrounding region.