Switzerland Cities: Fribur
Be sure to visit the picturesque town of Fribourg, Freiburg (FRIBOURG, FREIBURG). He lies on the west of the central part of the country and is the capital of the same name Canton. The location of the city is extremely convenient – to Bern is only 28 km north-east, Neuzhetel – 25 km to West, to Geneva – 44 km from South-West. At the same time, the River Zane (Saane, Sarine) provides excellent transport artery, and to the northern revisions of the Frishet Alps, which are literally handed to the system of Bernian Highlands, literally hand to hand – less than 7 km in a straight line.
Such a favorable location of this place has been rated for a long time – the first settlements on the spot of Fribur are dated Neolith, find traces of Celtic and Roman settlements here, but as such it was founded in 1157 by Bertold IV Zaningen. The old core of the city is conveniently located on the wooded Peninsula, formed by the bend of the bed behind and protected from three sides with steep rocks. Four old quarters – Burg, Neustadt, AU and Ppitli – make up the historic center of Fribur.
The medieval old town has reached this day almost unchanged. Cool cobbled streets decorated with rods Street lanterns from wrought iron, decorative frontones and facades give it a pretty recognizable view. Six bridges, from medieval wooden to high modern buildings, are the picturesque frame of old buildings with tiled roofs running through the slopes. Fribur is often called the most expensive and most calm city of Switzerland, in which the old historical core and ultra-modern peripherals, cosmopolitan population (citizens speak almost free in three languages) and clearly visible atmosphere of publicity). It is interesting that the river is essentially the boundary of the notorious "Roschtigrabena", Conditionally dividing the country to Franco and German-speaking cantons. Majority "French" still live on the west bank of the river, "Germans" – on the eastern, and "Italians" Equally freely feeling everywhere. All inscriptions and titles are given on 2-3 languages, urban radio stations have two separate channels, and newspapers go in two languages. But many citizens still use an old dialect "Bolod" (a peculiar mixture of German and French), which can often be heard in taverns and on the squares of the Basse-Ville district. In addition, the local Catholic (!) The university is one of the most prestigious in the country and attracts students from all its territory, but especially – from the people-speaking cantons, which gives the life of the city additional social dynamism.
All tourist routes converge in the most historically important area of the Old Town, known as Burg, or Drill (Bourg). It is here that many churches, the Cathedral, the Town Hall (1501-1522.), as well as mansions and villas "Old Aristocracy". The central square near the castle is quite small, but at the same time each of its ends has its own name – at the end of Rue de Lausanne lies the area of Nova-Friburgo, opposite her – Place de L’Hotel de Ville; Nearby – Place Des ormeaux, or Place de Tilleul, and completes all this fantasy fantasy rely. As a result, this area is often called "The most elusive in Switzerland" – Depending on who described the road here, you can immediately find out it, or get lost completely.
Cathedral of St. Nicholas (1283-1490.) Lies in the north-western part of the old city. His 76 meter tall tower is visible almost from anywhere in the city, and the gloomy interior with an organ of 1834 decorated with beautiful threads of the XV century and stained glass windows of the furoffer and bathing. Cathedral is open from Monday to Saturday from 7.30 to 19.00, on Sundays – from 8.30 to 21.30, Login Free.
Equally picturesna Basilica Notre Dame (XVIII in.) whose interior as if in opposition to the main temple is spacious and air. There is a famous fountain in front of it "Samson bursts the mouth of the lion" (1547 g.) copied from the Durer project. And on the adjacent street Rue de Morat, in the old transport warehouse, houses the Espace Jean Tinguely WWW Museum.Fr.Ch / Mahf dedicated to the famous Swiss artist and local native Jean Tangley, as well as his wife.
Nearby you can find the Franciscan Church (Eglise des Cordeliers). Initially, being part of the male monastery founded in 1256, it was renovated in the XVIII-XIX centuries, but retains its impressive medieval environment, including an extensive altar, crucifixion (1480 g.), Gothic oak choirs (1300 g., The oldest in Switzerland) and the statue of Christ (1438 g.). Very colorful Latestone City Hall Hotel de Ville (1501-1522.) and the fountain of St. George (1525 g.), as well as the famous bridges of Fribur – Suspended Zaringen (1834 g.) and wooden bin.
The system of old urban fortifications is preserved quite well, which is considered one of the brightest samples of medieval fortification in Switzerland. You can see almost 2 kilometers of shafts, 14 towers and several sections of walls, especially well-preserved to the east and south of the Old Town. It is worth adding the castle lying on the banks on the banks of Murtenze (Poya), the Fortress Tour Rouge, a fortified monastery of Augustinsev (XVIII in.) and the Jesuit Church of St. Michael.
Interestingly, with small in general sizes of the city itself, it is already concentrated already 12 of the most diverse collections, among which founded in 1873 the Museum of Natural History (occupies a separate building in the extensive complex of the local university), Guttenberg Museum (Gutenberg Museum), Museum of Art and History (Art and History Museum) in the Ratzéhof area, a rich Museum of Mechanistic Sculptures Jean Tinglia (Espace Jean Tinguely) on Rue De Morat, Chamber of Treasure in the Cathedral, Swiss Museum of Puppets, Sewing Museums (Swiss Sewing-Machine Museum) and Museum of Cardinal Brewery.
To visit the city is very convenient to FRIBOURG City Card for a validity of one or two days. The holder of such a subscription can use public transport for free, receives unlimited access to the funicular, as well as one trip each of the local tourist trains. In addition, Fribourg City Card gives the right to a single free visit to the Tower of the Cathedral of St. Nicholas, the Museum of Arts and History, the Museum of Swiss Sewing Machines, the Museum of Guttenberg and several others. You can also visit several pools for free, play golf and use the audio guide to Fribur for one day.
Cost card action 24 hours – 20 Swiss francs (16.5 euros) for adults and 8 francs (6.5 euros) for children from 6 to 16 years. The 48-hour tourist map will cost 30 Swiss francs (about 25 euros) for adults and 12 francs (10 euros) for children from 6 to 16 years. You can purchase a map in Tourofis (Fribourg Tourism and Region), in most hotels in Museums – FRIBOURG CITY CARD.
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