Turkey City: Istanbul

Istanbul – city of rich history, large port, economic and industrial "heart" Countries, with a unique location – the Bosphorus shared by the Strait, it is both in Europe and in Asia. This is the only city in the world, which is located at once on two continents, as well as the only capital of the world, has time to visit the center of Christian culture, and the main city of the Islamic state. Therefore, it is not surprising that in his appearance organically combines high-tech and fashionableness of modern Europe, ancient monuments and forever earring markets of Asia, as well as about three thousand (!!) objects of architectural and cultural heritage of almost all civilizations of Eurasia.

  • View of Istanbul from Bosphorus
  • Sultanahmet-Kamiyi (Blue Mosque) in evening lighting
  • Ayia Sofia Mosque Interior

The city was founded by the Greeks around 667 to. NS. under the name of Byzantium, although settlements of various cultures at this place go their roots in the darkness of centuries. A favorable strategic position that allows you to control the most narrow part of the Bosphorus, and the waterway from the Mediterranean Sea to Pont Evsinsky (Black Sea), on the shores of which already in those days there were dozens of Greek colonies, contributed to the rapid growth of the influence of the city. After numerous destruction, the city began to be intensified intensively in the Romans, becoming in 330. NS. The new capital of the Roman Empire and having received the name of Constantinople in honor of the emperor Konstantin (in medieval our texts – Tsargrad), it really existed in this status for a long time. Already in 395, he becomes the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, from 476 – Byzantium (with a break in 1204-1261., When was the center of the Latin Empire of Crusaders), and in 1453 he was captured and looted by Turks. Then the city is intensively rebuilt and becomes not only the center of the Ottoman Empire, but also almost the center of the entire Islamic world. On March 28, 1930, after the transfer of the capital of the country to Ankara, the city officially became referred to as Istanbul (Istanbul), turning into the largest shopping, scientific and economic center of the country.

Cities of Turkey Istanbul
  • Galat tower
  • Traditional house in the old city district
  • Tourist boats near Dolmabach’s Mosque
  • Cooking Sandwiches with fish in Eminen
  • Coastal part of Istanbul
  • View of Dolmabach Palace

Hotels in Istanbul

Istanbul is very popular with tourists, and hotels in the city are of interest – there are many of them, prices are available, and the choice is huge. Find and book a hotel in Istanbul on Travel.Ru.

Rental housing in Istanbul on Airbnb is popular for those tourists who come to the city for a long time.

Main Tourist Office Istanbul

The main tourist office of Istanbul is near the racetrack, on Divan Yolu Caddesi Avenue (Sultanahmet district), and is open daily from 9.00 to 17.00 (phone – (0212) 518-87-54).

Branches can be found in the Ataturk International Airport arrival area (open daily, 24 hours a day, telephone (0212) 573-41-36), at the Sirkeci station (open daily, from 9.00 to 17.00, phone (0212) 511-58-88), in the international sea passenger terminal Karakoy (from Monday to Saturday, from 9.00 to 17.00, telephone (0212) 249-57-76) and in the gallery of the Hilton Hotel on Cumhuriyet Caddesi (open from Monday to Saturday, from 9.00 to 17.00, phone (0212) 233-05-92).

Each office can provide a large number of city maps, information booklets and the extensive staff of qualified personnel who owns most European languages, including our.

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