Turkey City: Hadzhibektash
Small city Hadzhibektash (Hacibektas, approximately 50 km north of Nevsehir) is considered one of Turkey’s iconic places.
Known since the time of the Romans, during Osmans, he received the name Suluja Karahayuk (Suluca Karahoyuk – "Village seven houses"), and in the XIII century, one of the most prominent medieval philosophers-Sufis, mystic and founder of the Order of Bektashi Haji Bektashi, in the sign of respect for which the city was renamed after his death. His teaching was influenced throughout the Muslim world, he was considered his patron saint of Janychars, temples and monasteries were built in his honor, and the Order-founded, along with other spiritual associations, is still the main force, as if balancing the pressure of Islamic fundamentalism in Turkey. Interestingly, the teaching of this Sufia denied the windowless luxury, hypocrisy and hostility between people, preached quite humanistic ideals and rejected Many Dogmas Islam (for example, it was not forbidden to drink wine, smoking hashish, abide by the post during Ramadan, and women even allowed to leave the house with uncoated head). One of the most frequently quoted sayings of Haji Bektashi states: "Nation that does not educate their women is not able to develop". It is therefore not surprising that both the city in which the grave of this revered Sufia is one of the most visited in the country.
- Monastery complex
- Mausoleum Haji Bektashi
- Museum of Haji Bektashi
- Sacred "Karaday"
Mausoleum Haji Bektashi Lies within the monastery, once that was the headquarters of the Order of the Dervish. The construction of the complex was started during the Board of Sultan Orhans (XIV in.), and since 1964, after careful reconstruction, a museum was opened here (it works from Thursday to Sunday from 8.00 to 12.00 and from 13.00 to 17.00, input – 3 try). It includes three inland courtyards, including attractive Aslan-Jeshmes ("Fountain Lion"), named after the statue of a lion, which was brought from Egypt in 1853. Sacred "Karaday" ("Black kettle", Although actually it is the boiler) is visible in the kitchen to the right of the courtyard. This ancient, still nomadic symbol of community was a cult object and the Order of Bektashi, and Yanychar. Interestingly, a tilted kettle served as a symbol of discontent with the Sultan and could well lead to his displacement, which happened, for example, during the rule of Selim III, who tried to replace the strong influence of the Yanychar’s corpus of his army of the new sample.
To the left of the courtyard can be seen Maidan-Eva (The construction of the complex is 1367.) – Wooden pavilion, which conducted dedication rites, and now – Exhibition Hall. In the third courtyard there are a rosary and a well-groomed cemetery, on which the Tomb of Haji Bektashi is located among other graves. The passage to it is possible through the white gramist staircase of ackap, decorated with typical sedrate motifs and double-headed eagles. In the corridor leading to the mausoleum, there is a small room (rather Niche), which is considered, and was a place where Haji Bektashi himself worked and preached.
The city of Hadzhibektash is also widely known for its jeweler masters – first-class local onyx products are considered cheap in the region. And the workshops and shops of Kamnezov in abundance are found on the street leading from the river to the complex of the monastery.