Cities of Spain: Teruel
Located at the very south of Aragon City Teruel (Teruel) for a long time was under the domination of Arabs, which was clearly reflected in his magnificent Mudjhar style architecture. The best samples of the medieval urban building are the Cathedral of Santa Maria (La Cedral de Santa Maria de Mediaville, XII-XIII in.), bell tower Torre de San Martin (XIV in.), ladder La escalid, Church of Iglesia de San Pedro and Torre-de-Salvador of the same name (XIII in.) With their carved masonry stones, inlaid colorful tiles, typical of Arabic ornamental. For the Teruel towers, their separate location from the main church is quite characteristic, which is most likely due to the Arab building, where minarets are often built out of the mosque. Four Teeruel Churches are included in UNESCO World Heritage List as a unique sample of Mauritanian Christian Art.
The historic part of the city – Centro-historical – is located on a hill over the Rio Tourway River and is famous for its confusing medieval layout with numerous empty walls, narrow alleys and houses resembling small fortresses. From the north to it stretches the elegant monumental aqueduct Los Arkos (XVI in.), and in the south of the same ancient Viaduct connects the old center with modern quarters of the city. The Gothic Church of San Francis deserve attention (1391-1492.), Church of San Martin and San Miguel (XII in.) and Castillo de Alambes castle (XV in.). Near the Cathedral of Santa Maria, the Palace Palace-episcopal (XVI in.), in which now is the museum of church art with a rich collection of cult items and decorations of the XIII-XVI centuries. The provincial museum has a charming archaeological collection, the earliest samples of which are related to the birth of a person as a kind. The Museum of Teruel at Plaza Frey Anselmo contains an extensive meeting on the history of local folklore and traditions. And next to Iglesia de San Pedro is another religious place of the city – Mausoleo de Los Amatez (Mausoleum of Lovers) – Chapel with a grave "Beloved Teoruel" – Isabel de Segura and Juan Diego Martineza de Martila (XIII in.), legends about which are told throughout Spain.
Almost in the city itself is located www.Dinopolis.Com "Dunopolis" (Open daily from 10.00 to 20.00, adult entrance – 18 euros, for children under 12 years old – 14 euros) – a new theme park telling about dinosaurs. 37 km west of Teruel lies Albarrasin – One of the most picturesque cities of Aragon, in which dozens of medieval streets and characteristic high buildings with balconies (from 1165 to 1333, the city was the capital of the Little Independent State – the Kingdom of Asahras, were preserved in the actual intact.
Eastern and northeastern Teruel begin the rocky slopes of the Mountains of Sierra de Guts and El Maestraisco, famous for their wild beauty, deep gorges and green meadows. Interestingly, a hundred years ago, many locals, the charter to fight wildlife in their attempts at least somehow earn money, left these places and moved into large cities. And their numerous colorful houses and terraced steep hills remained, turning into a business card of these places, attracting quite a few tourists. It is characteristic that the neighborhood of Teruel is considered the coldest and low-rise place in the country, and the locality here is often so difficult that many medieval monuments have almost been influenced by later eras.
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